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Full text of "The Improvement Era"

T^llmprouementEra 














"STEADY" LECTURES 
THE LADIES 

(and do they love if!) 



TODAY! STEADY FLA^ 

"NEW FREEDOM FOR HOMEMAKERS' 



Imagine! ... a 
flame, talking! 



One of those 
cute little elves. 
What fun! 




. . . like all New Freedom gas kitchens, it is designed 
for assembly-line food preparation, saving you count- 
less steps. • COOKING is automatic, with self-lighting 
burners, oven heat-control and a time-clock that turns 
the oven on and off while you're away. Nothing 
equals the modern GAS range for flexibility, speed, 
economy. That's why so many homes in this 
area use GAS for cooking. • REFRIGERATION is 



SILENT with GAS. No moving parts to get out of 
order or make a noise. • HOT WATER SERVICE, with 
an automatic GAS water heater, is absolutely 
dependable and costs so little, you need never skimp 
on hot water needs. * In 
YOUR new or remodeled 
home, have a MODERN 
kitchen . . . GAS-equipped. 



MOUNTAIN FUEL SUPPLY COMPANY 

Serving Twenty-six Utah and Wyoming Communities 







By DR. FRANKLIN S. HARRIS, JR. 

C ixty-nine words are used for half of 
. all the words used in speech and 
writing, according to Godfrey Dewey. 
Such words as: the, of, and, to, a, in, 
that, it, is, and sixty others are used 
over and over. 
4- 



r pHE famous "Blue Boy" by Gains- 
"■ borough in the Huntington collec- 
tion in California has been discovered, 
by Roman C. Diorio, to have another 
painting underneath on the same can- 
vas. 



""pHE irrigated area of India is three 
"~ times as great as the land under ir- 
rigation in the United States. 

i 

TLTope for sufferers from hay fever, 
*• ■*" asthma, migraine, and other allergic 
conditions has been given by the an- 
nouncement of a new successful chemi- 
cal treatment. Dr. W. Merritt Ketcham 
used ethylene disulf onate in from one to 
six injections which removed most or 
all of the patient's symptoms for six to 
eighteen months. 

4 ; 

|~*\ouble beds can now accommodate 
the different needs and tastes of the 
two sleepers with a new dual-control 
automatic electric blanket. The two 
halves of the blanket are wired sepa- 
rately and can be set at different tem- 
peratures to keep both sleepers com- 
fortable. 



J - " * 



A new phosphorescent plastic which 
*^* stores enough daylight to keep 
luminous for six to eight hours after 
dark will be useful for house numbers, 
street markers, automobile dashboards, 
handrails, and marking dials. 

-♦ ■ 

r T t o withstand Siberian winters a spe- 

* cial apple tree has been developed 
which creeps horizontally along the 
ground instead of growing vertically. 
This tree is completely covered by snow 
in the winter and may be covered with 
straw and fir branches under the snow. 
The Kiziurin creeping apples produce 
over one hundred fifty pounds of fruit 
a tree. 



A study in England of bats from the 
^~ point of view of direction finding 
and estimating distances from exper- 
ience with radar has found that a bat 
can ordinarily estimate a distance to 
an accuracy of about two feet, by send- 
ing out a note lasting a hundredth of a 
second. It is not impossible that they 
can estimate distance to about six inches 
if the duration of the note is only a 
thousandth of a second. 

SEPTEMBER 1946 




* 



Lucky bees . . . that gather their honey from the 
sweet Chapparal that grows high in the Rockies. 
And lucky kids . . . to have nourishing Graham 
Crackers in their luncheons made with such 
distinctive sweetening. 

Write for your FREE copy of 
CARTOON COOKERY- packed 
with smart new recipes. 





GRHHRM 




PURITY 



M^lfjssstr^ 




DURKEE'S 



fatuitte, MAYONNAISE 



Smooth, delicious Durkee's Mayonnaise is 
the perfect touch for finer salads. Gives sand- 
wiches new flavor, too. ..because this flavorful 
mayonnaise is made with fresh eggs. You'll 
really enjoy Durkee's Mayonnaise. 




,Ts Tut 



'Recede 

Arrange slices of avocado 
and orange sections al- 
ternately on crisp salad 
greens.Serve with a dress- 
ing made by blending J^ 
cup Durkee's Genuine 
Mayonnaise with l A cup 
orange juice and % tea- 
spoon sugar. 




545 



^Jke L^c 



over 



The September 
cover to which 
special attention is di- 
rected, shows Presi- 
dent George Albert 
Smith viewing the sac- 
red Aztec calendar 
stone in Mexico City 
on a recent visit. (See 
Father Lehi's Children, 
page 556.) Similar in 
many ways to the 
more widely-known 
Mayan calendar stone, 
the Aztec time counter 
is set up in two sec- 
tions. The first repre- 
sents the religious or 
ritualistic dates and in- 
cludes what one writer 
calls "the core of the 
Aztec religious sy- 
stem"; the second con- 
tains a solar calendar 
divided into eighteen 
months of twenty days 
each with a five-day 
"unlucky" period in- 
terpolated. 

In its religious as- 
pects the calendar 
shows a marked de- 
parture from the earli- 
est religion of the 
Aztecs, reflecting a 
belief, and dating rit- 
uals based upon the 
worship of numerous 
gods and idols. 

The solar calendar 
is based upon agricul- 
ture, the names of the 
months being related 
to crops. This calen- 
dar evidently had a 
more or less accurate 
astronomical basis, the 
planet Venus being 
used as the central 
point. The day and 
month names and fig- 
ures are combined in a 
manner which pre- 
vents confusion or 
duplication. 

* 

Editors 

George Albert Smith 
John A. Widtsoe 

Managing Editor 

Richard L. Evans 

Associate Editor: 

Marba C. Josephson 

General Manager 

George Q. Morris 

Associate Manager 

Lucy G. Cannon 

Business Manager 

John D. Giles 

Editorial Associates 

Elizabeth J. Moffitt 
Albert LZobellJr. 
Harold Lundstrom 



°rhe 



Qmprweraart 




SEPTEMBER 1946 



VOLUME 49, NO. 9 



"THE VOICE OF THE CHURCH" 

Official Organ of the Priesthood Quorums, Mutual Improvement 

Associations, Department of Education, Music Committee, Ward 

Teachers, and Other Agencies of the Church of Jesus Christ of 

Latter-day Saints 



Uke (Ldltor'd f^a 



e 



f 

"Speak Up" George Albert Smith 555 

L^Lurch, creatures 

Father Lehi's Children John D. Giles 556 

A Challenge to Youth Harold B. Lee 560 

A Promise and Its Fulfilment . Frank Y. Taylor 567 

Yesterday and Today Paul Langheinrich 569 

Evidences and Reconciliations: CVIII — Was Joseph Smith 

Honest in Business? John A. Widtsoe 577 



Romance of the Third Edition 
of the Book of Mormon, Al- 
bert L. Zobell, Jr 548 

One Man's Life, Clifford Elijah 
Garrett 550 

The Church Moves On 574 



Priesthood: Melchizedek 586 

No-Liquor-Tobacco Column....587 

Aaronic 588 

Ward Teaching _.. 589 

Genealogy 590 

See also page 547 

Field Photos _ 608 



Special ^jreat 



eamrei 

Don't Fence Me In Marvin O. Ashton 562 

Our Members in the Russian Zone Arthur Gaeth 566 

An Escape from Death Melden J. Smith 568 

The Spoken Word from Temple Square... Richard L. Evans 570 

Exploring the Universe, Frank- 
lin S. Harris, Jr 545 



Patterns of Progress, Fredrick 
C. Wolters, Jr 550 

Skull Deformation among An- 
cient Americans, Charles E. 
Dibble 552 

These Times, G. Homer Dur- 
ham 554 

Homing: Let's Have More 
Music in Our Homes, 
Alice M. Read 578 



Cook's Corner, Josephine B. 

Nichols 579 

Handy Hints 580 

Another Side to Tolerance, 
Bernice Burton Holmes.... 582 

"Beauty Food Is Duty 
Food," Dora Loues Mil- 
ler :. 584 

On the Bookrack 592 

Your Page and Ours 608 



C^ditorlali 



The 1946-47 M. I. A. Theme Richard L, Evans 576 

"It Matters Forever" Marba C. Josephson 576 



Stories, f-^oeh 



y 



Ruler of the Crags Hubert Evans 564 

Checking Up Gilbert Andrews 572 

Indian Summer, Sytha Johnson Poetry Page 573 

546 You, Elaine V. Emans 580 

Frontispiece: Grandmother, Song For a Day, Catherine E. 

Gertrude L. Belser 553 Berry 582 



Jrndi 



tan 



vjfc 



ummer 



By Sytha Johnson 

OAK leaf and 
sumach, 

Creeper flaming still, 

Autumn's conflagra- 
tion 

Burning on the hill! 

Smokes from autumn 

fires 

Mountain tops enfold; 

Nature stokes her 
furnaces 

Against the coming 
cold. 



Change of Address: 

Fifteen days' notice re- 
quired for change of ad- 
dress. When ordering a 
change, please include 
stencil impression from a 
recent issue of the maga- 
zine. Address changes 
cannot be made unless 
the old address as well as 
the new one is included. 

Executive and Editorial 
Offices: 

50 North Main Street, 
Salt Lake City 1, Utah. 

Copyright 1946 by Mu- 
tual Funds, Inc., a Cor- 
poration of the Young 
Men's Mutual Improve- 
ment Association of the 
Church of Jesus Christ of 
Latter-day Saints. All 
rights reserved. Subscrip- 
tion price, $2.00 a year, 
in advance; 20c single 
copy. 

Entered at the Post 
Office, Salt Lake City, 
Utah, as second-class 
matter. Acceptance for 
mailing at special rate of 
postage provided for in 
section 1 103, Act of Oc- 
tober, 1917, authorized 
July 2, 1918. 

The Improvement Era 
is not responsible for un- 
solicited manuscripts, but 
welcomes contributions. 

All manuscripts must be 
accompanied by suffi- 
cient postage for delivery 
and return. 

National Advertising 
Representatives 

Francis M. Mayo, 
Salt Lake City 

Edward S. Townsend, 
San Francisco and 
Los Angeles 

Dougan and Bolle, 
Chicago and 
New York 

Member, Audit Bureau of 
Circulations 



546 



THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



GENEALOGICAL GROUPS ACTIVE 



SPRINGFIELD BRANCH, 

FLORIDA, 

GENEALOGICAL 

GROUP 




Sponsored by the junior genealogical chairman, Ida Starling, thirty-four members of the Springfield 
Branch, Florida District, arrived in Salt Lake City, Saturday, June 75, to perform baptismal work in the 
temple. Fifteen juniors were included in the group. 

The class chartered a bus and stopped at many places of historical interest along the way, including 
the Nauvoo jail, Nauvoo, Illinois, and the Wonder Cave of Kentucky. They returned by the southern 
route, which included a visit to Carlsbad Caverns in New Mexico and reached home June 29. 



Ogden Stake Monthly 
Temple Excursions 

"\T7hen Patriarch Samuel Martin of 
the Ogden Stake was advised by 
Salt Lake Temple authorities to speed 
up, if possible, the endowment work for 
some two hundred men's and two hun- 
dred women's names on his genealogi- 
cal lines that he and his wife were doing 
themselves, they took the problem to 
Heber J. Heiner, stake genealogical 
chairman. After discussing the matter 
with Stake President Samuel G. Dye, 
monthly excursions to the temple were 
planned, with members of the stake 
presidency, high council, patriarchs, 
high priests' presidency, bishoprics, and 
their wives, invited to participate. 

These group excursions were begun 
in October 1945 and continued through 
June 1946. Each month the trip was 
made by chartered bus, and sandwiches 



and song helped to pass the miles en 
route. Upon arrival back in Ogden no 
one would ever leave the bus until a 
closing prayer had been offered. 

It was difficult at first to arrange a 
night that would suit everyone, but as 
the months went by the question was 
not "Should we go?" but "When do we 
go to the temple?" The excursions have 
brought the group closer together than 
they ever have been in a feeling of 
brotherhood and good will. 

The temple work for the two hun- 
dred male and two hundred female 
names belonging to Patriarch Martin 
has now been completed as the result 
of the enterprise of this group. 

President Dye has now been suc- 
ceeded by President Laurence S. Bur- 
ton, and the new stake president has 
expressed the desire of seeing these tem- 
ple excursions continued indefinitely. 




OGDEN STAKE 
TEMPLE GROUP 



-Photograph by Hat Rumel 



U 



T/~ing of the Cowboys" in the Aug- 
ust 1 946 Reader's Digest concerns 
"Wild Horse Bob" Crosby who has 
been a top flight rodeo star for twenty- 
six years, a profession in which few 
cowboys manage to stay at the top for 

SEPTEMBER 1946 



more than two years. Crosby has won 
$150,000 in prize money during his 
career, and is described as having never 
"chewed tobacco, smoked, drunk hard 
liquor, shot craps or cussed. His favor- 
ite expletive is 'Foot,' uttered in a 
protracted drawl." 



SAN FRANCISCO 



w 




See 
Raffy 



Fleishhacker 
Zoo 

Over 900 
animals to 
thrill you 




(fa 7>0e4t 
PACIFIC 

Once again Western 
Pacific is featuring its 
traditional advantages 
of courtesy, service, 
scenery. Go West . . . 
WESTERN PACIFIC . . . 
the Short Route to San 
Francisco . . . the magic 
city where it's COOL, 
and a warm welcome 
awaits you. 

For information call 
H. R. COULAM, General Agent 
48 S. Main St., Salt Lake City, Utah 
Telephone 4-6551 



547 



How to Keep 

Younq Folks 
at HomCff^ 




A QUICK SNACK with a festive 
air can be served easily and eco- 
nomically — and the "gang" will 
love it — when you use some of the 
dainties quickly made with 



KEY 



BONEP T 

Oft 

SLICED CHICKE 

No Work, no Waste 
— just Heat and Eat 



en, 



FOR IMPROMPTU SNACKS 

Toasted Sliced Chicken Sandwiches 

. . . for variety, make open-face sand- 
wiches and pour hot cheese sauce on top. 

Lynden Chicken or Turkey a la King 

... on buttered toast, hot biscuits, corn 
bread or waffles ... or in patty shells. 

Chicken Salad or Turkey Salad . . . 

Delicious heaped in center of molded 
cranberry jelly ring. 

Turkey or Chicken Pot Pie . . . with 
pastry or biscuit dough topping. For 
satisfied palates, try Turkey or Chicken 
Souffle . . . with creamed mushrooms. 

Thin Turkey or Chicken Sandwiches 

... hit the spot "after the show" or on 
weekend get-togethers. 

Party "Puffs" ... filled with hot 
creamed chicken or turkey ... or with 
chicken salad . . . for "at homes." 



f-90K 



*Oft 



J 



ssapw 

raar grocers 



"Lynden 
Canning Kitchen 



R O M A N C E of tie ZJLd Edition of 

the i5ook of 



Every Sunday School lad can recite 
with some detail how the Angel 
Moroni brought the plates to the 
Prophet Joseph Smith, how the Book 
of Mormon was translated, and how 
Martin Harris gave $3,000 in order that 
the first edition of five thousand copies 
could be printed. But that is only the 
beginning of the romance of getting 
"Mormonism's" first and most impor- 
tant tract before the peoples of the 
world. 

By 1837 all copies of the first edition 
were disposed of, and so Parley P. 
Pratt published a second edition at 
Kirtland, Ohio, in that year. The sec- 
ond edition is said to be more rare, and 
hence more sought-after as a collector's 
item, than the first. 

During the winter of 1838-39, the 
Prophet Joseph Smith and five com- 
panions had been held in Liberty Jail, 
Missouri, on trumped-up charges. 

When the supply of the second edi- 
tion of the Book of Mormon became ex- 
hausted, the Church did not have the 
money to finance a new edition. In May 
1 840, Ebenezer Robinson, a prominent 
Nauvoo businessman and a partner of 
the Prophet's brother, Don Carlos 
Smith, was inspired to go to the Proph- 
et and say: "Brother Joseph, if you will 
furnish two hundred dollars, and give 
us the privilege of printing two thou- 
sand copies of the Book of Mormon, 
Carlos and I will get two hundred dol- 
lars more, and we will get it stereo- 
typed, and give you the plates." 

Joseph Smith dropped his face into 
his hands for a moment and then asked 
Robinson how soon he wanted the 
money, and two weeks' time was 
agreed upon. 

Don Carlos Smith and Ebenezer 
Robinson made an immediate effort to 
raise their share of the money. They 
found a brother in the Church who let 
them have one hundred twenty dollars 
until April 1, 1841, at thirty-five percent 
interest which was to be incorporated 
into the note, and all to draw six per- 
cent interest, if the note were not paid 
when due. A few days later the same 
man gave them an additional twenty- 
five dollars on the same terms. 

Then Joseph Smith came into the 
Robinson and Smith printing office and 
said: "Brother Robinson, if you and 
Carlos get the Book of Mormon stereo- 
typed, you will have to furnish the 
money, as I cannot get the two hundred 
dollars." 

Robinson replied that they would do 
it if they could have the privilege of 
printing an edition of four thousand 




ormon 



By ALBERT L ZOBELL, JR. 



548 



copies. Although a strenuous effort was 
made to raise funds for the project, not 
another dollar was forthcoming in 
Nauvoo. Meanwhile the one hundred 
forty-five dollars was a temptation — 
it could have very easily been used to 
pay some of Robinson's and Smith's 
debts. 

In June, Don Carlos said: "Brother 
Robinson, you take some money and go 
to Cincinnati and buy some type and 
some paper, which we must have, to 
continue publishing the Times and 
Seasons." 

"Yes, I will go," Robinson replied, 
"but I will not come home until the 
Book of Mormon is stereotyped." 

The Prophet and Ebenezer Robinson 
had taken copies of both the Palmyra 
and the Kirtland editions and compared 
them, and Robinson started June 1 8 for 
Cincinnati with a marked copy of the 
book to be given to a printer. 

A T Cincinnati, he bought the supply of 
paper that Don Carlos had wanted 
and saw it safely on board the river 
steamer. Then he counted his money. 
With the Spanish coin that he had ac- 
cepted in change, and which would be 
accepted anywhere he cared to spend 
it, he had $105.06J4- Even he doubted 
the conviction that he had come to Cin- 
cinnati to get the Book of Mormon 
printed, but he started inquiring for 
stereotypers. At the second stereotyp- 
ers, he entered and asked to see Messrs. 
Gleason or Shepherd, who owned the 
business. 

Gleason introduced himself, and 
Robinson said: "I have come to get the 
Book of Mormon stereotyped." 

Shepherd came from the back of the 
shop and said: "When that book is 
stereotyped, I am the man to stereotype 
it." After figuring a little he offered to 
do the job for five hundred fifty dollars. 
Robinson offered him one hundred 
dollars cash, with two hundred fifty 
dollars more in three months, or while 
he was doing the work, and the re- 
maining two hundred dollars within 
three months after the work was com- 
pleted. A contract was immediately 
signed. Robinson casually mentioned 
that he needed a bookbinder to bind 
two thousand copies, and Shepherd 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



took him to a friend of his who offered 
to bind the copies in leather at twelve 
and one-half cents each. This man 
willingly accepted Robinson's terms — 
eighty dollars while doing the work, 
and the remainder within six weeks of 
completion. 

Paper was the next problem, and 
again Shepherd had a friend. A deal 
was made for about two hundred fifty 
dollars' worth of paper, and a contract, 
similar to the other two, was suggested. 
The paper dealer said: "Mr. Robinson, 
you are a stranger here, and it is cus- 
tomary to have city references in such 
cases." Shepherd calmly replied: "I am 
Mr. Robinson's backer, sir." He re- 
ceived the paper. 

Robinson used the five dollars to en- 
gage board and room and had the 
Spanish six-pence left. He advised 
Don Carlos, by letter, of what had been 
done. A campaign was started in the 
Times and Seasons for money. A book 
was offered for every dollar sent to 
Robinson while he was in Cincinnati. 
One hundred twenty books were of- 
fered for every one hundred dollars 
received by September 1. When the 
books were available on November 1, 
1 810, they were advertised at one dol- 
lar and twenty-five cents retail, one 
dollar wholesale, and "Extra binding 
pocketbook fashion for the conven- 
ience of traveling elders, one dollar and 
fifty cents." 

Robinson had gone to work for 
Shepherd, helping set the type and 
proofreading, for which he received 
twenty-five cents an hour. The first 
money he received was a twenty dollar 
bill from Nauvoo, payable on an In- 
diana bank. That bank was in good 
condition, having survived the panic of 
1837, and he found the bill was actual- 
ly worth twenty-two dollars and sixty 
cents. His own brother and a convert 
of 1836, sent him ninety-six dollars, 
which was cashed at the same thirteen 
percent markup. A convert he had 
never seen sent him one hundred dol- 
lars, which he later repaid. All in all, 
he paid Shepherd all his money before 
it was due and had given the binder 
eighty dollars before he had done any 
of the work. All the books that were 
pre-sold were delivered, and he re- 
turned to Nauvoo early in October 
with about one thousand copies. 

*T t he following year Robinson went 
again to Cincinnati to see Mr. 
Shepherd. "Mr. Robinson," said the 
friend, "do you want to know what 
made me do as I did when you came 
here last summer? It was no business 
way; it was not what I saw in you, 
but," Shepherd pointed to his heart, 
"it was what I felt here." 

( Concluded on page 594 ) 
SEPTEMBER 1946 




Today your baby's tiny hands reach out to you. His eyes follow you 
across the room. He knows that when he's hungry you will feed 
him. He feels secure . . . because of you. 

Not many years from now, he will be grown; ready to take 
his place in the world. Then, too, he can feel more secure because 
of you — because of the glowing strength that you can begin to 
help him build today. 

One of the ways to give your child the kind of security that 
comes from vigorous health is to see that he gets now the very best 
possible milk — particularly milk containing the vitamin D he 
needs. It's the combination of Vitamin D and the minerals of milk 
that help a baby to build a well-developed body, sound teeth, and 
bones that are straight and strong. 

For years, doctors have recommended Sego Milk for babies — 
because it is uniformly rich in the food substances of whole milk, 
because it is easy for babies to digest, because it's as safe in its sealed 
container as if there were no germ of disease in the world, and be- 
cause it was fortified with extra vitamin D. 

Potent reasons those. But there's one more. Now this extra- 
ordinary form of milk is fortified with a new, pure form of vitamin 
D — the very same kind of vitamin D that bright sunshine would 
provide for babies and children if they could get enough sunshine. 

Sego Milk is the only evaporated milk fortified with this newest 
form of vitamin D. Ask your doctor about it. 



This seal guarantees that all statements made here have been 
accepted as true by the Council on Foods and Nutrition of the 
American Medical Association. 



This seal certifies that the Wisconsin Alumni Research Foun- 
dation makes periodic tests to determine that Sego Milk diluted 
with an equal amount of water always gives you 400 units of 
vitamin D per quart. 



SEGO MILK PRODUCTS COMPANY 

Originator of Evaporated Milk in the Intermountain West 

Plants in Richmond, Utah; Preston and Buhl, Idaho 





549 




SHARE A MEAL 
EVERY DAY 



Once again free people are 
called on to help in the name of 
humanity. 500 million persons 
are hungry — pathetically under- 
nourished. Millions will die of 
starvation unless we pitch in 
QUICKLY, and rush more food 
abroad. 

3 Ways to Share a 

Meal — and Save a 

Life! 

1. Share wheat and fat 
products. 

2. Buy and serve more 
plentiful foods. 

3. Waste NO food. 

We of the Hotel Utah are do- 
ing our best in this food conser- 
vation program, and we appre- 
ciate deeply your understanding 
and cooperation. 




ONE MAN'S LIFE 

& LsUttord (Lilian (jarrett 

HE was born in an obscure Vermont 
village, the son of farmer parents. 
He worked as a farm hand until 
he became an itinerant missionary. He 
was never schooled. He translated the 
Book of Mormon. He ran for the Presi- 
dency of the United States. He reared 
a family, had a home, and happiness. 
He never traveled fifteen hundred miles 
from the place of his birth. He built a 
city — Nauvoo the Beautiful — larger 
than Chicago at that date. He was a 
humble man. He had no credentials but 
the testimony of his vision when four- 
teen years of age. He realized all 
creeds could not be right. He said in 
answer to his prayer he had seen the 
Father and Son. He received revela- 
tions of divine import. He established 
the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter- 
day Saints. He built temples to the God 
of Israel. He sent missionaries even to 
foreign lands. 

While still in the strength of young 
manhood, he was spat upon, even tarred 
and feathered in the night. He saw 
converts become apostates. He went to 



jail like a common felon. He was be- 
trayed by a governor of a state. He saw 
his trial become a mockery by exhibit- 
ing him as "The Mormon Prophet." He 
was murdered in Carthage jail with his 
devoted brother. His executioners had 
gambled to take from him the only 
things he held dear on earth — the com- 
panionship of his family and the good 
will of his fellow men. His murderers 
fled in fear. His body was taken to a 
hotel through the pity of a stranger. He 
was laid at night in a secret grave in his 
city. His testimony did not die with 
him: 

Persecutions may rage, mobs may 
combine, armies may assemble, calumny 
may defame, but the truth of God will 
go forth boldly, nobly, and independ- 
ently, till it has penetrated every con- 
tinent, visited every clime, swept every 
country and sounded in every ear, till 
the purposes of God shall be accom- 
plished. 

In One Man's Life we read of Joseph 
Smith, who proclaimed a message neith- 
er Catholic nor Protestant, as it came 
from neither, but built on latter-day 
revelation. He has done more for man- 
kind, save Christ only, than any man 
who ever lived. 




FXe&RKK C. 




OPJP/AJ POPT£% 

'POC/i'WZLL, 

PICTURESQUE PIONEER, 

AS A 60V, PICKED 

BERRIES BV 
MOON LIGHT FOR 
§AL£ THE NEXT DAY, 
TO HELP JOSEPH 
SMITH r»U5USH THE 
fook of Mfot&f^ 



T)otiM$ 



Bsri 



W AS TH fa "tOG CI** 

car m£&*^ 



IB' 



fB4-7 




Ct)OLT€^J 



550 



THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



^ 



Interesting, Inspiring and 
Faith-Promoting Books 

IF YOU COME TO OCTOBER CONFERENCE, BRING THIS AS A MEMO- 
RANDUM OF BOOKS YOU WANT. TO ORDER BY MAIL, CHECK THE 
TITLES YOU DESIRE, TEAR OUT PAGE AND USE IT AS YOUR ORDER BLANK. 



$2.50 
$1.75 



$1.50 



$2.50 



LIFE OF JOSEPH F. SMITH 

Sixth President of the Church. An inspiring, 
faith-sustaining biography . . . the absorbing 
story of a great leader. 

By Joseph Fielding Smith 

YOUTH AND THE CHURCH 

A new, searching, forthright discussion of the 
problems of modern youth. By Harold B. Lee 

AN UNDERSTANDABLE RELIGION 

Concise, thorough discussion of the universal 
concepts of L.D.S. doctrinal views of religion. 
Selected from the radio series of talks 

By John A. Widtsoe 

THREE MORMON CLASSICS 

Three long-time favorites from George Q. Can- 
non's Faith-Promoting Series of nearly 70 years 
ago. Compiled by Preston Nibley 

PROGRAM OF THE CHURCH 

A survey of faith and practice of the Church for 
students, missionaries and general readers. fl!! Cft 

By John A. Widtsoe **-*»« 

THE PROGRESS OF MAN 

Full outline of the struggles of mankind through 
eras of progress and retrogression from ancient 
to modern days. By Joseph Fielding Smith 

PRESIDENTS OF THE CHURCH 

Brief but complete biographies of seven great 
leaders, from Joseph Smith to Heber J. Grant. 
For readers who have no opportunity for exten- 
sive study or research. By Preston Nibley 

THE KEY TO THEOLOGY 

Minth edition of a famous and long-popular 
Church publication. By Parley P. Pratt 

EVIDENCES AND RECONCILIATIONS 

Answers to 68 pertinent questions on science and 
religion asked by perplexed students of the 
author during his long career as an educator. (PI QC 

By John A. Widtsoe *9*- *OD 

TEACHINGS OF JOSEPH SMITH 

A selection of the Prophet's sermons and writings 

as published or written in the days ofhisministry. 

Compiled by Joseph Fielding Smith 

PRIESTHOOD AND CHURCH 
GOVERNMENT 

Written under direction of the First Presidency as 
the official text and guide for priesthood quorums. 

By John A. Widtsoe 

A SKEPTIC DISCOVERS MORMONISM 

A. sincere, interesting narrative of the discoveries 

and conversion of a man who lived among L.D.S. fljl Cn 

people on a Nevada oasis. By Timberline Biggs ipl.wU 

ADDED UPON 

Thirteenth edition of a famous story, beloved of 
Latter-day Saints for nearly 50 years. 

By Nephi Anderson 



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$2.50 
$1.00 



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CONCORDANCE TO THE DOCTRINE 
AND COVENANTS 

— the work of 60 years of painstaking, faithful 
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studies, writes or speaks on gospel subjects. ©O flfi 

By John V. Bluth ipdAJU 

THE RESTORATION OF ALL THINGS" 

From the series of radio talks on fundamentals^^* 
of the gospel. fljl "7C 

By Joseph Fielding Smith *9 * -* ** 

THE HOLY GHOST 

A scholarly treatise on the nature and personality 
of the Holy Ghost — the Holy Spirit — director of 
affairs of the Church on earth. $0 f\n 

By Oscar W. McConkie »P*.UU 

THE WAY TO PERFECTION 

Fifth edition. Over 350 pages of brief discourses 
on gospel themes, dedicated to all interested in 
redemption of the living and the dead. Ql en 

By Joseph Fielding Smith «pl .OU 

HISTORY OF JOSEPH SMITH BY HIS 
MOTHER 

Originally dictated by the Prophet's mother in 

1845. One of the most interesting and important 

stories ever written of the early days of the <PO Cfl 

Church. Edited by Preston Nibley »P^.OU 

HANDBOOK OF THE RESTORATION 

Complete compilation of gospel themes discussed 

by many authors, with many items of vital inter- CJO Cfl 

est to students. Numerous illustrations. hJZi.OU 

SIGNS OF THE TIMES 

A series of talks sponsored by sisters of the Lion 
House Social Center. Six discussions of predic- 
tions by the seers and Iheir fulfilment in our day. <M OC 

By Joseph Fielding Smith N>l.£iJ 

FUNDAMENTALS OF RELIGION 

Clear forceful presentations of basic principles of 
the gospel. Seventeen inspiring radio talks. tfl Cfl 

By Charles A. Callis M>1.0U 

A STORY TO TELL 

Interesting, entertaining and character-building 

stories for children of all ages. Selected by the 

boards of the Primary Association and the Deseret <PQ flfi 

Sunday School Union. ip^.UU 

BEN THE WAGON BOY 

Delightful story of a boy who traveled with the 

pioneers from Ohio to Nauvoo to Iowa, Utah and fljl Cfl 

California. By Howard R. Driggs H>1-JU 

FROM BABEL TO CUMORAH 

Third edition. Story of the migration of the 
Jaredites and Nephites to the new world and to 
final destruction at Cumorah. 

By J. A. and J. N. Washburn 



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The Book Center of the Inter mountain West 

44 East South Temple St. P. O. Box 958 Salt Lake City 10, Utah 

Enclosed is $ Send :. copies oi each title as checked above. 

Name _ Address 

SEPTEMBER 1946 



551 



"What's new in Bathrooms ? 



The modern bathroom offers three-way 
privacy in compartments for (1) wash 
basin, (2) bath, and (3) toilet. 




© 



This newly designed wash 
basin has — 

[~1 Foot pedal water control 
□ Fur-lined soap dishes 
I | Built-in tooth brushes 



Both the flow and temperature of water is 
regulated by an efficient new foot pedal 
control — like surgeons use. An efficient, 
sanitary way to clean the wash basin is 
with Hexol disinfectant. A few drops on a 
cloth will whisk away dirt film — brighten 
the basin in a jiffy. And fresh-smelling 
Hexol does both bathroom jobs — fights 
germs and cleans. 




© 



This bathroom corner 
features — 

O A three-speed floor lamp 
l~l A leather foot rest 
O A recessed book shelf 

Neat storage space for books and maga- 
zines is found in this handy, recessed book 
shelf. Keep a bottle of Hexol handy, too, 
for deodorizing the toilet bowl. Just pour 
a few drops in the bowl, let it stand a few 
seconds, then flush — clean, sanitary, fresh. 
(You'll find many leading Pacific Coast 
hospitals, physicians and nurses use and 
recommend Hexol cleaner-disinfectant.) 





e 



At the foot of this bath tub 
is a convenient- 
ly Dog house for a water spaniel 

□ Three-drawer linen cabinet 

□ Automatic back-washer 

Conveniently located is this three-drawer 
cabinet for the storage of linens and other 
bathroom necessities, like your bottle of 
Hexol. Hexol, you know, is the modem 
cleaner-disinfectant. Two tablespoons add- 
ed to cleaning water leaves your bathtub, 
walls, floors, and tiling so fresh and spark- 
ling clean. And because Hexol is non-caus- 
tic, it's so easy on your hands. 




GERMICIDE • DEODORANT 
DISINFECTANT 

On Sale at All Drug Stores 



SKULL DEFORMATION 



l 9 



mencanS 



By DR. CHARLES E. DIBBLE 



|S>?v 3 **-* 




552 



Because of the softness and pliabil- 
ity of an infant's skull, various 
types of head deformation occur 
among the American Indians. Artificial 
head deformations are divisible into 
unintentional and intentional deforma- 
tions. 

The general and most widely distrib- 
uted form of unintentional deformation 
is the flattening of the back of the head, 
resulting from the prolonged contact 
of the infant's head with the hard 
cradleboard. This unintentional com- 
pression was widely distributed in the 
United States and was found with great 
frequency among the Pueblo Indians of 
the southwest. 

Heads were deformed intentionally 
in two ways — the flattened forehead 
and pressure with bandages. The flat- 
tened forehead was usually acquired by 
pressing and binding a board over the 
infant's forehead or thrusting the baby's 
(Concluded on page 584) 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



—Photograph bg George Bergstrom 




(3ran6motb 



er 



By Gertrude L. Belser 



G\0 er low, sweet voice recalls the harmonies 
J c Of green pine groves with shadows dark and cool, 
And soothing rest beside a quiet pool 
She moves with stately grace of swaying trees; 
Like flickering sunshine on a distant hill 
Her modest beauty smiles, then slips away,— 
As beauty of soft twilight, purple-gray, 
Dissolves in night before we've looked our fill. 
A courtly chivalry surrounds her place, 
Remindful of the maids and knights of old, - 
Historic jewels set in heavy gold, 
And mignonette on faintly scented lace. 
Now fourscore years her gracious deeds commend 
And grateful throngs are proud to call her friend. 



SEPTEMBER 1946 



553 




Save it 



with Soa p! 



Lucky girl ... to start housekeeping with such a gorgeous 
table cover! You just can't bear to think of seeing some- 
thing spilled on it, can you? 

It's sure to happen, though, so be careful that it's 
always washed with gentle Fels-Naptha Soap. 
Remember that Fels-Naptha loosens dirt and stains 
so that they wash away easily and completely in 
the rich suds of mild Fels-Naptha Soap. 

Someday, this lovely wedding gift should be an 
heirloom, admired and treasured by your 
children's children. Begin to save 

its beauty right away — with 

good, mild soap — and that 

means Fels-Naptha Soap. 



Fels-Naptha Soap 




J 




Jimsidu 



By DR. G. HOMER DURHAM 

Director of the Institute of Government, 
University of Utah 



TDritish socialism and the enormous 
expansion of Soviet influence both 
came as a result of the war. Indeed, 
some future historian may write: "The 
global conflict described as World War 
II really brought but one significant 
result. This was the envelopment of the 
world's economic systems by a rough- 
ly uniform pattern of state ownership 
and control. The expansion of the 
Soviet Union and the rise to power of 
a socialist government in Great Britain 
were the initial guideposts in this trend. 
The new technology occasioned by the 
atomic bomb, however, occasioned the 
same result in subtler ways." 



"\I7hat can be done about the world- 
wide trend to state socialization? 
It would be folly to close our eyes to 
the facts and deny the trend's existence. 
How can authority and liberty be 
merged, combined, to satisfy man's 
yearning for security — whether in doc- 
trine or wages; and at the same time 
preserve the free agency of man essen- 
tial for life, progress, and happiness? 



Already we have had communism, 
fascism, nazism, socialism a la 
carte, and new deals as the expression 
of human responses to this problem. A 
British scholar some years ago sug- 
gested that the "social and political 
doctrines of Continental Europe were 
five in number: democracy, Catholicism, 
communism, fascism, and national so- 
cialism."^ — Michael Oakeshott, The 
Social and Political Doctrines o} Con- 
tinental Europe, Cambridge University 
Press, Cambridge, England, 1939; In- 
troduction, p. XII. 



BAN/SHES TATTLE-TALE GRAY 



554 



/^ertain things appear to be true in 
the coming struggle for peace and 
prosperity. Fascism, under that name, 
is waning, but state control of the eco- 
nomic order, anywhere, is not. Com- 
munism is expanding and is as suspi- 
cious of non-communist countries as 
ever. Democratic capitalism (imply- 
ing something much more significant 
than corporate enterprise alone) is 
losing ground. Catholicism, the other 
active doctrine having significance in 
terms of the numbers of people in- 
volved, has no peculiar economic prac- 
(Concluded on page 599) 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



~2)peak Up ! 



By PRESIDENT GEORGE ALBERT SMITH 



One of the great and glorious blessings of our Father in heaven to his children is the power to 
convey thoughts and ideas by means of the spoken word. And in using this gift and privi- 
lege, a speaker should endeavor always to be heard and understood by all of his listeners. 
The speaker always has the burden of getting and holding the attention of his listeners. Of 
what use is the spoken word if it is not being heard by the person to whom it is being addressed? 
If a listener does not hear through any cause or defect whatsoever, it is the speaker's responsibility 
to do his utmost to help the listener hear what he has to say. And where a listener is inattentive, 
it is often the fault of the speaker rather than the fault of the listener. 

Many speakers speak in a low voice at the beginning of their sentences and then rise to a 
crescendo toward the end. As a result, only part of the audience may hear the entire sentence, and 
part may hear only a portion of the sentence. Others speak loudly to begin with, but by the 
time they reach the end of a sentence, their voices are often lowered almost to a whisper. This 
habit of raising and lowering the voice alternately makes it difficult for an audience to follow 
the speaker. Then there are speakers who neither raise nor lower their voices, but who speak in 
such a low tone all the time as to make it almost impossible to be heard by many of those who 
are sitting even reasonably close; and with such speakers, listeners are either on a constant 
strain or lose interest altogether. 

No speaker has the right to waste or trifle away the time of others by speaking in such a 
way that he cannot possibly be heard by the members of his audience. The time of every individ- 
ual is highly precious, and where several hundred people are assembled to hear a message, and 
the speaker does not articulate plainly or speak loudly enough to be heard clearly, much loss of 
precious time is involved. For example, if a speaker speaks for thirty minutes to an audience of 
three hundred people, and only about a third of them hear the whole of his message while the other 
two-thirds hear only fragments, there may have been wasted in whole or in part the time of two 
hundred people, or a total of approximately one hundred man-hours of time. Anyone who has 
been honored by being asked to address a group of people, or who, by reason of his office or call- 
ing in the Church, has that responsibility, should never be guilty of wasting the time of the others 
by not speaking so that they can hear. Time is far too precious to be wasted in this way — so pre- 
cious, indeed, that the ultimate salvation and the degree of exaltation of each of us is dependent 
upon the use we make of it. 

The suggestion to "speak up " is not an invitation to become bombastic, but is rather to be 
considerate of one's audience in order that they may benefit fully from the message intended 
for their ears. A good rule for all Church speakers to adopt is always to talk to the person in 
his audience who is farthest from him. If he will follow this rule, there will arise no question as to 
whether all others in the audience will hear him. 

Every person, therefore, young or old, who may be called upon to speak or who may volunteer 
to talk to any gathering in the Church, whether large or small, should speak up so that every 
member of his audience may hear what he is saying. 

We of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints are charged with the great responsi- 
bility of disseminating the gospel message. Let us who have this great responsibility never be 
subject to a charge of presenting it in such a manner as to open the way for indifference toward 
us or toward the message we bear to the world. May the Lord, who has given us the glorious gift 
and privilege of communicating with others, bless us with the desire to make ourselves heard and 
understood whenever it is our responsibility to do so. 



^Jke (Ldltord f^aae 



SEPTEMBER 1946 555 




CONGREGATION ASSEMBLED TO HONOR PRESIDENT GEORGE ALBERT SMITH ON HIS FIRST VISIT TO MEXICO AS PRESIDENT OF THE CHURCH 



IN the book of Genesis are found 
both a blessing and a prophecy, 
which should be of particular in- 
terest to members of the Church of 
Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints at 
this time. It reads: : 

And the angel of the Lord called unto 

Abraham out of heaven the second time, 

And said, By myself have I sworn, saith 

the Lord, for because thou hast done this 

; thing, and : hast not withheld thy son, thine 

'only son: ; : , .■ •;■ 

That in blessing I will bless thee, and, in 

multiplying I will multiply thy seed as the 

j stars of the heaven, and as the sand which is 

i upon the, sea shore; and thy seed shall 

! possess the gate of his enemies; 

And in thy seed shall all the nations of 
j the earth, be blessed; because thou hast 
obeyed my voice. (Gen. 22:15-18.) 

When Father Lehi, about 600 
B.C., left Jerusalem, as commanded 
by the Lord, the seed of Abraham 
was fulfiling prophecy — the children 
of Abraham through Isaac, Jacob, 
Joseph, Ephraim, and Manasseh 
were marching forward to a destyiy 
little dreamed, of by themselves — 
and one of the strangest in world 
history. Literally, they were going 
to a land where the descendants of 
Father Abraham would become "as ; 
the stars of the heaven, and as the 
sand which is upon the sea shore." 

The descendants of Father Abra- 
ham in America alone today number 
many millions. Through Ephraim 
and Manasseh, sons of Joseph, who 
was a son of Jacob and whose grand- 
father was Abraham, descendants as 
numerous as the stars arid of the 
sands on the seashore now live in 
the choice land of Joseph, America. 

Father Lehi, who led to America 
the people about whom the Book 
of Mormon is largely concerned, 
556 



Father Lehi's 



FIRST ASSISTANT SUPERINTENDENT, Y. M.M.I. A, 
AND BUSINESS MANAGER OF THE "ERA" 



was of the tribe of Manasseh. Ish- 
mael, whose daughters became the 
wives of the sons of Lehi, was of the 
tribe of Ephraim. Therefore, their 
descendants were all of the house of 
Israel, through Joseph, who was to 
become "a fruitful bough" whose 
branches would "run over the wall." 
: Thus as we speak of Father Lehi's 
children, we speak also of Father 
Abraham's children. 

Father Lehi's children, who still 
live on this continent, which was to 
be their "land of promise" are now 



called, generally, Indians. Among 
Latter-day Saints they are known as 
Lamanites, having descended from 
Laman, son of Lehi. 

T^he term Indian, as applied to this 
people is most unfortunate. In- 
stead of being Indians, they were, 
we believe, the earliest Americans. 
Long before the white men came, 
America — both North and South — 
was their land. 



President Smith (left center) visits President 
Manuel Avila Camacho of Mexico (right center). 




THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



When the first white men came, 
they found Indian bands, tribes, and 
nations occupying the land, with 
most of it divided among the differ- 
ent groups, in much the same way 
that land is divided among the states 
today; each nation or tribe had its 
own lands, fishing grounds, and 
hunting grounds. 

The coming of the white man 
changed all that. Gradually, the 
white men took over more and more 
of the land, and finally the Indians 
were gathered together on reserva- 
tions. 

This change of conditions at one 
time appeared to threaten the very 
existence of the North American 



Children 



Indian. Freely it was predicted that 
the Indians were a vanishing race 
and that eventually they would be- 
come extinct. 

Those who made such predictions 
were not aware that in the provi- 
dence of the Lord, the children of 
Father Lehi were destined to play 
important roles in the last days in 
both the Americas. 

In a revelation given to Joseph 
Smith in March 1831, is this refer- 
ence to the future of the American 
Indian: 

But before the great day of the Lord shall 
come, Jacob shall flourish in the wilderness, 
and the Lamanites shall blossom as the rose. 



President Smith met former President Herbert 
Hoover in Mexico City. 




Zion shall flourish upon the hills and re- 
joice upon the mountains, and shall be as- 
sembled together unto the place which I 
have appointed. (D. & C. 49:24, 25.) 

In the Doctrine and Covenants 
Commentary appears this state- 
ment: 

There are two distinct predictions in these 
paragraphs. One says that "Jacob shall 
flourish in the wilderness, and the Lamanites 
shall blossom as the rose," before the great 
day of the Lord shall come; the second tells 
us that "Zion shall flourish upon the hills 
and rejoice upon the mountains." The first 
of these . predictions refers to the Indians; 
the second, to the Latter-day Saints. Have 
they been fulfilled? 

The American Indians are, indeed, flour- 
ishing today. ... In Indian territory 
they have attained a high degree of 
both civilization and prosperity. Indians 
now occupy government offices and seats in 
legislative assemblies, in schools and pul- 
pits, and in every walk of life. They are 
flourishing. This is all the more remarkable 
because at one time the general belief was 
that they were a vanishing race. When the 
United States became an independent na- 
tion, the number of Indians in North Ameri- 
ca was estimated at three millions, and in 
the year 1876 at only one million three hun- 
dred thousand. In 1907 the decrease had 
been checked, and an increase to one mil- 
lion four hundred and seventy-four thou- 




SEPTEMBER 1946 



President Smith with missionaries serving in Mexico 

sand was reported. Only a prophet inspired 
by God could have foreseen such a decided 
turn in the tide of Indian affairs. (Commen- 
tary to section 49, verses 24, 25.) 

Elder James E. Talmage effective- 
ly establishes the identity of Father 
Lehi's children in this manner-; 

David, who sang his psalms over a thou- 
sand years before the "meridian of time," 
predicted: "Truth shall spring, out of the 
earth; and , righteousness shall look down 
from heaven." And so also declared Isaiah, 
Ezekiel saw in vision the coming together 
of the stick of Judah, and the (Stick of Joseph, 
signifying the Bible and the Book of Mor- 
mon. The passage last referred to reads, in 
the Words of Ezekiel: "The word of the 
Lord came again unto mei saying, More- 
over, thou son of man, take thee one stick, 
and write upon it, For Judah, and for the 
children of Israel his companions; then take 
another stick, and write upon it, For Joseph, 
the stick of Ephraim, and for all the house 
of Israel his companions: And join them 
one to another into one stick; and they shall 
become one in thine hand." 

When we call to mind the ancient custom 
in the making of books — that of writing on 
long strips of parchment and rolling the 
same on rods or sticks, the use of the word 
"stick" as equivalent to "book" in the pas- 
sage becomes apparent. At the time of this 
utterance, the Israelites had divided into two 
nations known as the kingdom of Judah and 
that of Israel, or Ephraim. Plainly the 
separate records of Judah and Joseph are 
here referred to. Now, as we have seen, the 
Nephite nation comprised the descendants 
of Lehi who belonged to the tribe of 
Manasseh, of Ishmael who was an Ephraim- 
ite, and of Zoram whose tribal relation is 
not definitely stated. The Nephites were 
then of the tribes of Joseph; and their record 
or "stick" is as truly represented by the* 
Book of Mormon as is the "stick" of Judah 
by the Bible. (James E. Talmage, Articles 
of Faith, chapter XV: 275, 276; 1924 edi-: 
tion. ) i 

The Book of Mormon identifies 
the Lamanites as of Israel and also 
prophesies concerning them; 

And now, I would prophesy somewhat 
more concerning the Jews and the Gentiles. 
For after the book of which I have spoken 
shall come forth, and be written unto the 
Gentiles, and sealed up again unto the Lord, 
(Continued on next page) 

557 




Meeting of priesthood members with 
President Smith 



President Smith addressing group with the 
aid of an interpreter 



(Continued from previous page) 
there shall be many which shall believe the 
words which are written; and they shall 
carry them forth unto the remnant of our 
seed. 

And then shall the remnant of our seed 
know concerning us, how that we came out 
from Jerusalem, and that they are descend- 
ants of the Jews. 

And the gospel of Jesus Christ shall be 
declared among them; wherefore, they shall 
be restored unto the knowledge of their 
fathers, and also to the knowledge of Jesus 
Christ, which was had among their fathers. 

And then shall they rejoice; for they shall 
know that it is a blessing unto them from 
the hand of God; and their scales of dark- 
ness shall begin to fall from their eyes; and 
many generations shall not pass away 



among them, save they shall be a white and 
delightsome people. 

And it shall come to pass that the Jews 
which are scattered also shall begin to 
believe in Christ; and they shall begin to 
gather in upon the face of the land; and as 
many as shall believe in Christ shall also 
become a delightsome people. 

And it shall come to pass that the Lord 
God shall commence his work among all na- 
tions, kindreds, tongues, and people, to bring 
about the restoration of his people upon the 
earth. (Book of Mormon, II Nephi 30:3-8.) 

President Brigham Young de- 
clared their lineage through Israel 
in these words : 

The Lamanites or Indians are just as 




The churches 
of Mexico City 
were visited by 
President Smith 



much the children of our Father and God as 
we are. . . . 

They are of the House of Israel; they 
once had the Gospel delivered to them, they 
had the oracles of truth; Jesus came and ad- 
ministered to them after his resurrection, and 
they received and delighted in the Gos- 
pel. . . . [Discourses of Brigham Young, 
page 122.) 

Most easily identified of Father 
Abraham's children today are the 
Lamanites. Because of their distinc- 
tive racial characteristics, they are 
readily recognized. While other rep- 
resentatives of the tribe of Israel 
are present in the western hemi- 
sphere in large numbers, the Indians 
or Lamanites are the most easily 
identified. 



558 



Dresident George Albert Smith 
is the friend of the Lamanites. 
During his entire lifetime he has 
shown marked interest in their wel- 
fare. Whenever the opportunity has 
presented itself, he has gone out of 
his way to help them and to bless 
them. 

In recent years he has visited on 
their reservations the Shoshone, 
Bannock, Blackfoot, Blood, Ute, 
Goshute, Hopi, Zuni, Navajo, Arapa- 
hoe, and other tribes in North Amer- 
ica. A few years ago he spent many 
months among Father Lehi's chil- 
dren on the islands in the South 
Seas. Here he made friends for him- 
self and for the Church in large num- 
bers. President Smith maintains 
many of his contacts with these peo- 
ple by correspondence, occasional 
remembrances, and revisits wherever 
possible. 

Frequently Lamanite brethren 
and sisters visit him at his office. No 
man, whatever his station in life, is 
greeted with more respect and 
friendliness or is shown more cour- 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 




President Smith with President and Mrs. 
Joseph W. Anderson 



Pierce and Elder 



Part of the congregation inside 
the chapel 



tesy than are these descendants of 
Father Lehi. 

One of the most important mis- 
sions of President Smith's ministry 
as President of the Church of Jesus 
Christ of Latter-day Saints took him 
recently into the very heart of the 
land of the Lamanites. He journeyed 
to Mexico, a land which today is the 
home of more than thirty million of 
Father Lehi's children, for a series 
of important and dramatic meetings 
with the members of the Church in 
the vicinity of Mexico City. 

Among the Lamanites of many 
countries are members of the Church 
of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 
In Mexico large groups of them have 
joined the Church. As the years go 
by, there is good reason for the hope 



Presidents Smith and Pierce and Elder Joseph 
Anderson visit the ancient ruins under the 
present Mexico City. 




Written in flowers for President Smith's visit. 

and belief that thousands more will 
accept the gospel of Jesus Christ, 
which came to their ancestors direct- 
ly from the Master himself. 

Among the thirty million Laman- 
ites in our neighboring nation to the 
south in whose veins the blood of 
Israel flows, are some of the very 
(Continued on page 601 ) 




President Smith visited the people and saw 
their many activities. Top to bottom: 

The burros with their loads of straw 

Threshing by oxen as in Biblical times 

Washing done at the well and dried on the 
ground in the sun 



Plowing with oxen 



SEPTEMBER 1946 



559 



An address given Sunday evening, 
June 9, 1946, in the Tabernacle, [or 
M. I. A. June Conference which 
officially welcomed home the ser- 
vicemen and women. 



I 



approach this task with fear and 
trembling and a desire for an 
interest in your faith and pray- 
ers. 

Tonight's meeting is the culmina- 
tion of dreams that our servicmen 
the world over have been dreaming 
for the last four or five years. Dur- 
ing the absence of you young men 
away from your homes, the most oft- 
repeated statement that has been 
made here at home has been "when 
the boys come back home." The 
girls have said it, those who had 
sweethearts, married and unmarried, 
in military service, and whose court- 
ships with those sweethearts have 
been rudely interrupted. It has been 
said by fathers and mothers who, 
in your absence, have been left 
to carry heavy burdens, trying to 
hold things together "until their 
boys came back home." It has been 
said by businessmen who have been 
planning for expansions that must 
be planned in line with expected de- 
mands for certain goods, such as 
automobiles, clothing, houses, fur- 
niture, and baby goods — all being 
determined by the anticipated in- 
creases upon your return. 

It has been said by school execu- 
tives who have been planning for 
the next fifteen years, and what your 
coming back is going to mean to the 
school population! Those in higher 
education have had to do some 
figuring on the increases in their 
institutions. It has been said by 
politicians in major political parties, 
in labor groups, and by ex-service- 
men's clubs who have been laying 
their plans to capture your vote and 
your membership, by inducements 
and by invitations, not always 
wholly ethical. 

Your Church also has been wait- 
ing for this day with an eye to your 
spiritual welfare. Throughout your 
military service, the Church has had 
in mind that you were laboring 
against overwhelming odds, and so 
even before wax was declared, /when 
compulsory military training went 
into. effect, Elder Hugh B. Brown 
was called to be a Church coordina- 
tor and go to camps and organize 
560 



A 


CHALLENGE 




TO 


wjovith 




d5u ^/srarold (IS. <=>Lee 

OF THE COUNCIL OF THE TWELVE 



our Latter-day Saint servicemen in- 
to service groups, called M. I. A. or- 
ganizations. Group leaders were 
named. In order to maintain proper 
direction it was found, as this organ- 
ization grew to number one hundred 
thousand men, scattered in every 
part of the world, that it was neces- 
sary that there be additional assist- 
ants to President Brown, so thirteen 
assistant coordinators were called to 
serve here in the United States, in 
the Hawaiian Islands, in Europe, 
and in the Pacific Isles. In addition, 
there were mission and stake super- 
visors who were called to assist. We 
have had thirty-eight army chap- 
lains, and eight navy chaplains, who 
were members of the Church. And 
finally, in addition thereto, accord- 
ing to our best estimate, we have had 
about a thousand or more group 
leaders who have been set apart or 
who have assumed leadership as 
they have been authorized without 
having been set apart, together with 
some two or three thousand addi- 
tional assistant group leaders, thus 
forming a great army who have di- 
rected the work of blessing with 
brotherhood and with strength this 
group of servicemen who are rep- 
resented by those who are in this 
meeting tonight. 

In addition, we have had our girls 
in the nurses' corps, the women's 
branch of the army, the coast 
guard, the navy, and elsewhere. 
They, too, have performed a monu- 
mental service in assisting with these 
activities. 

"^JS/hen the war started and the 
rigors of your trials became evi- 
dent, the First Presidency delivered 
an inspired message from Temple 
Square and directed a part of that 
message to the men who were then 



in service. This message in part 

reads as follows: 

To our young men who go into service, 
no matter whom they serve or where, we 
say live clean, keep the commandments of 
the Lord, pray to him constantly to preserve 
you in truth and righteousness, live as you 
pray, and then whatever betides you, the 
Lord will be with you, and nothing will 
happen to you that will not be to the honor 
and glory of God and to your salvation and 
exaltation. There will come into your hearts 
from the living of the pure life you pray for, 
a joy that will pass your powers of expres- 
sion or understanding. The Lord will be 
always near you; he will comfort you; you 
will feel his presence in the hour of your 
greatest tribulation; he will guard and pro- 
tect you to the full extent that accords with 
his all-wise purpose. Then, when the con- 
flict is over and you return to your homes, 
having lived the righteous life, how great 
will be your happiness — whether you be of 
the victors or of the vanquished — that you 
have lived as the Lord commanded. You 
will return so disciplined; in righteousness 
that thereafter all Satan's wiles and strata- 
gems will leave you untouched. Your faith 
and testimony will be strong beyond break- 
ing. You will be looked up to and revered 
as having passed through the fiery furnace 
of trial and temptation and come forth un- 
harmed. Your brethren will look to you for 
counsel, support, and guidance. You will be 
the anchors to which thereafter the youth 
of Zion will moor their faith in man. 

Latter-day Saint servicemen, those 
were the admonitions, the instruc- 
tions, and the promises that were 
made by the inspired prophets of 
the Lord, and whether or not they 
have been or will be fulfilled as they 
were promised depends upon you 
now who have received those prom- 
ises. 

[ should like to pay a tribute of re- 
spect to the faith and devotion 
and activities of our boys in service 
by reading you statements from two 
chaplains. One from our own Elder 
Marsden Durham who is missing 
from tonight's meeting, one of our 
splendid boys who was taken in an 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



unfortunate accident. This is his 
statement: 

It is amazing how signs and placards ad- 
vertising Latter-day Saint services have ap- 
peared almost automatically, tacked to 
convenient telephone poles and coconut 
palms along the main roads. "Burma shave" 
proportions almost! A recent article in 
Harper's (October 1944, "A Soldier Looks 
at the Church"), an attack at the decadent 
Protestant world and its failure to influence 
the lives of its communicants, can certainly 
have no application to Latter-day Saint 
men, because the Church is an integral part 
of their lives — one of the values of a prac- 
tical religion. The influence of the "gather- 
ing" spirit is as predominant in the Philip- 
pines today as it ever was when the Saints 
began to "gather to Zion." As a chaplain, 
I have experience with many groups, many 
denominations, and I have yet to find an- 
other organization which evidences this 
same characteristic with all its desirable 
results. 

Then there is an interesting com- 
ment by Lieutenant Colonel Ira 
Freeman, not a member of the 
Church, who was the post chaplain 
at Fort Ord, which during the war 
was one of the ports of embarkation 
and one of the great training centers 
through which thousands of our Lat- 
ter-day Saint boys passed. This is 
what he said in tribute to our Latter- 
day Saint boys: 

During several years of service in the 
United States army, especially since Pearl 
Harbor, I have had the privilege of min- 
istering to the needs of many mem- 
bers of the Church of Jesus Christ 
of Latter-day Saints. 

The Mormon boys whom I knew 
intimately overseas were outstand- 
ing soldiers in every sense of the 
word, and I found myself wonder- 
ing from time to time if they were 
a specially-selected group, the salt 
of Utah. But when I came to Fort 
Ord I had to dismiss that idea. 

The Mormon boys on duty at 
this post have what it takes! There's 
something about a Mormon soldier! 
He loves the United States. He is 
loyal to Almighty God. Apparent- 
ly, no real Mormon lad leaves his 
religion at home when he accom- 
panies the colors to the battlefield. 
Undoubtedly, that is the chief rea- 
son why it is comparatively easy 
for him to carry on without sham- 
ming, without shirking, without 
sniveling. Anyway, neither world- 
liness on the one hand nor roaring 
of guns on the other, affect their 
faith in or loyalty to God or coun- 
try. Naturally, therefore, as an 
American, I am proud of them. . . . 



— Photograph by 
Hobart from Monkmeyer Press 



The nation's eyes are upon its defenders 
today. Therefore, in my humble opinion, 
when the history of this global war has been 
written and read, and when Uncle Sam is 
ready to reward "every man according to 
his works," Americans of all faiths will 
say: "God bless our Mormon soldiers!" 

No matter where you go from here, 
American soldiers of the Mormon faith, I 
want you to remember my faith in you is 
unbounded, that I shall follow you in spirit, 
that I shall remember you in my prayers. 

V[ow as we pause here tonight in 
honoring these boys, naturally 
our thoughts go out to those who are 
not here, and who will not come back 
to such a meeting here in mortal life. 
According to our best estimate, if 
those of the Latter-day Saints who 
have fallen in battle were to be 
brought here tonight they would 
form a congregation that would more 
than fill the body of this hall. It is 
estimated that approximately five 
thousand of some of the choicest of 
our Latter-day Saint boys have died 
in battle or in training. How have 
they felt about it as they faced pos- 
sible death, and what shall be said of 
them in our welcome tonight? From 
the letters of some who have gone 
back to their eternal home — those 
who have gone back home in a more 
real sense than you are back home 
now — can be gleaned some ideas of 
their true feelings. Here is a closing 



paragraph from a letter of a Latter- 
day Saint serviceman to a sweet- 
heart of a buddy of his who had 
fallen : 

I needn't tell you that he died loving you 
and wearing your bracelet, Bobbie. Keep 
your chin up, kid — and if I see Jimmie be- 
fore long, I'll give him your regards — and 
I hope my fiancee is as brave as I know 
you are. 

And the writer of that letter in 
less than a month, himself, had gone 
"home" to meet Jimmie. 

How do the fathers and mothers 
of the boys who went back to their 
eternal home feel? One letter from a 
father who lost his son reads as fol- 
lows: 

His mother, as usual, has been wonderful 
and shows daily how sincere she was when 
she told him as he left, "Brave sons must 
have brave mothers, and I'll not fail you, 
my son." 

We are not complaining at having to 
make this sacrifice although it involves 
bleeding hearts. Millions of parents through- 
out the world are suffering similar losses 
and few of them have the hope which the 
gospel gives to us. 

I, like other fathers, wish I could have 
gone instead of him, but war always takes 
the young and the promising. 

Many times in my preaching I have 
quoted the words of David when his son 
was lost in battle: "O my son Absalom, my 
son, my son Absalom! would God I had 
died for thee." (II Samuel 18:131.) But 
until now I did not realize how earnestly he 
(Concluded on page 600) 



SEPTEMBER 1946 




"Don't fence me in 



// 



"D 



on t fence me in!" Youth, 
that's what you say to your 
fathers and mothers. Youth, 
that's what you cry to your teachers 
in school. That's the language many 
of you use in your rebellion against 
some of us who would interfere 
with you and your rights as free- 
born American youth. 

With a twinkle in his humorous 
eyes, Brigham Young, one of the 
greatest friends to red-blooded Mor- 
mon lads and lassies, is reported to 
have said, "You young people think 
we old people are fools. We know 
you are." 

Youth, let me get close enough to 
you to see the whites of your eyes 
and talk to you. One humorist ob- 
served something like this: When 
a boy reaches the ripe age of seven- 
teen, he looks at his father and won- 
ders how long it will be before his 
father will know as much as he 
knows. When he becomes twenty- 
five years of age, he marvels at how 
fast his dad has progressed in the 
realm of learning and understand- 
ing. 

The cartoon of our lamb was 
taken from a photo used by the 
Arizona Highways. When I spied it, 
I told Jim Smith, one of the highway 
commissioners, that whether he liked 
it or not I was going to have J. A. 
Bywater make an ink copy of it and 
use it. He made no objection, and 
here it is. 

Now this venturesome lamb — you 
can see by the set of his jaw and 
squint of his eyes that he'd like to 
break through that fence and do 
some exploring. You don't have to 
do any tall thinking to tell in an in- 
stant that there is something across 
the Mason and Dixon line that is 
mighty interesting. The only thing 
that is holding him back is that 
forked stick with a piece of baling 
wire held over his head. That stops 
his taking part in the game on the 
highway or in the field adjoining. 

Now that half-grown sheep, al- 
though he is "dead sure" he could 
conquer the world with the flip of his 
little hoof, still needs his mother. 
When mealtime comes around, he 
will get up close to his mother and 
demand refreshments from the com- 
missary department. When the 
night gets dark and he hears the 
562 



yelp of the coyote, he will cuddle up 
close to that warm fleece, the owner 
of which gave him birth. For weeks 
from the time he had learned the 
mechanics of getting his daily nour- 
ishment he had been satisfied to stay 
close enough to her to hear her beck 
and call, but lately he has nibbled a 
few blades of grass and thinks he's 
grown up and craves other worlds 
to conquer. 

Y 0UTH ' y° u are ) us t like that lamb. 
Yes, we fence you in. Yes, and 
then sometimes when you get too 
hilarious, we get a forked stick to 
keep you from breaking through. 
"Don't fence me in," you cry, but, in 
plain English, just where would you 
land if you had your entire way? 
Some of you, in less time than it 
takes to tell it, would lose your hide 
and land in a lump on one of the 
highways of life. 

Happy is the boy or girl who has 
confidence in his parents to the ex- 
tent that he will sit up close to them 
and take their advice. Boys and girls, 
we have been in the forest for many 
years — we know the game trails. 
We know of those who lie in wait 
to fleece you. We know the wolves 
in that field next door who would 
take advantage of your innocence 
and skin you alive. There are rep- 
tiles in that dark forest who, if they 
caught you ofFguard, would entwine 
themselves around you, python 
snake fashion, and crush your life's 
blood out of you. That's why we 
want to fence you in. This little 
lamb has never met a coyote; he 
doesn't know the destruction of the 
slap of the paw of a grizzly, or the 
terrible accuracy of the fangs of the 
timber wolf. 

Yes, we are talking in parables, 
but we are not telling you fairy tales. 
We are talking real life. You don't 
like that forked stick nor the fact 
that we have fenced you in. We are 
only trying to save you against 
yourself. 

I repeat, boys and girls, we want 
to protect you against yourselves. 
President David O. McKay has told 
a story of a beautiful colt on his 
ranch, one of those colts that they 
weren't very successful in fencing. 
He would go through the fences, 
untie the rope on the gate, and do 



& 



9 



arum 



Ls. ^Mskton 



OF THE PRESIDING BISHOPRIC 



everything but unlock the padlock. 
He would no sooner be in a field and 
thought secure than they would find 
him breaking over the traces. He 
was really a problem, but they loved 
him because of his beauty and 
strength. One day he broke through, 
got into a granary where there was 
a sack of grain poisoned for gophers. 
Their beautiful animal that day was 
stretched out in death because he 
didn't see the wisdom of honoring 
the safeguards placed for his benefit. 

"Internal vigilance is the price 
of security." 

A painting struck me very force- 
fully a few years ago. It was a picture 
of a mountain lion and her two cubs 
resting on the brink of a precipice 
such as you might see in the Grand 
Canyon of the Colorado. The mother 
of those kittens watched every move 
her children made. Overhead soared 
an eagle. What a dainty morsel for 
breakfast one of those young cats 
would make! Yes, no maneuver of 
that carnivorous bird escaped her 
vigilant eye. The mother knew too 
well that other enemies would take 
from her those she loved or that one 
false move in the capers of those 
cubs would land them with every 
bone in their bodies splintered to 
bits, a thousand feet below the rock 
where they rested. I repeat, on that 
stage the lioness was playing a 
major role in "eternal vigilance." 
She knew that was the price of 
security for her brood. 

Boys and girls, your parents are 
as anxious for your welfare as that 
big cat of the Rockies was for her 
cubs. If we watch every move you 
make, it is only because you are sit- 
ting, as it were, on a precipice where 
one false move would make you a 
"goner." There are wolves in the 
forest, eagles in the air, and if it 
weren't for the vigilance of those 
who love you, you'd be torn to 
pieces. 

Youth, we've lived longer than 
you have — that's why we know bet- 

the improvement era 



ter than you the "booby traps," the 
hidden mines that would blow you 
to atoms. 

I said we were not talking fairy 
tales to you. We're not. Aesop wrote 
some fables that have value. At 
least once a year, read Aesop's 
Fables. They will keep your mind 
and judgment physically fit. 

Let me tell you one of those stories 
—it fits here. A lion once radioed 
throughout the neighborhood that he 
was sick nigh unto death, and sum- 
moned all the animals to come to 
hear his last will and testament. 
(Curiosity will kill a cat, and others, 
too. ) The first to enter the cave of 
the king of beasts was a lamb fol- 
lowed by a calf. The lion seemed to 
recover his health and strength im- 
mediately after the visit of those 
unsuspecting creatures. He came to 
the mouth of his cave, and there be- 
held a fox who had been waiting 
outside for some time. "Why don't 
you come in to pay your respects to 
me?" said the lion to the fox. "I beg 
your majesty's pardon," observed 
the wise, little animal, "but I noticed 
the tracks of the animals that have 
already come to you, and while I 
see hoof marks going in, I see none 
coming out. Till the animals that 
have entered your cave come out, 
I prefer to remain outside." 



Now if I use my imagination, be- 
fore that lamb broke through the 
fence and galloped to the home of 
the lion I can hear him mutter as he 
runs, "Don't fence me in." If that 
young lamb had stayed close to its 
mother, the lion wouldn't have had 
lamb for breakfast. If that young 
heifer hadn't jumped the traces that 
day and disregarded the old cow's 
advice, she wouldn't have had her 
name in the obituary columns of the 
town paper. 

Voung folks, there is always a 
juicy bait on a hidden hook 
waiting to land you when you are 
not on your guard. There is a pred- 
atory animal along every path of the 
forest crouching in the grass waiting 
to take advantage of your innocence. 
Young lady, there are innkeepers 
who are happy in the profit on a pint 
of whisky even though that profit 
means the losing of your virtue. 
Young man, there is an army of men 
who would stay up all night and 
spend a hundred dollars on you to 
get you to take your first drink and 
make another customer for John 
Barleycorn. Yes, there are a thou- 
sand vicious "joint" keepers in every 
American city of any size that, 
spider-fashion, would spin a web to 
catch a boy and girl off guard. 




—Illustrated by /. A. Bgwater 



SEPTEMBER 1946 



We older folk know this, and 
many of you young people don't 
know it, but we stand on the border 
of the forest like an old hunter to 
warn an innocent traveler of the 
man-eating tigers and lions lying in 
wait. Believe us, young folks, we 
stand as a lighthouse to warn you of 
the treacherous rocks just under the 
waves that would dash your little 
soul crafts to pieces. "Many brave 
souls are asleep in the deep, so be- 
ware, beware." 

Let the lower lights be burning; 
Send a gleam across the wave; 
Some poor fainting struggling seaman 
You may rescue; you may save. 

That's the only role we want to 
play. We have been tossed about on 
the stormy waves of life, and we 
know where the rocks are. After all, 
there is no substitute for experience. 
We have been exposed to the ele- 
ments, and some of us are carrying 
around with us a little rheumatism as 
a result of exposure. 

You of the next generation, we 
know what the weather will be, and 
we don't want you to expose your- 
self too thoroughly and get your- 
selves wet. Young lady, your mother 
doesn't want you to be tied to her 
apron strings. Young man, we don't 
want you to be a hothouse plant or 
a "pantywaist." We want you to be 
vigorous, courageous entities, able 
to face the storms of life. When we 
were your age, we were just as you 
are now. We were no better than 
you are, but don't forget we who 
have weathered best are we who 
heeded the advice of our parents. It 
means just what it says, "Honour 
thy father and thy mother"— just 
why? — "That thy days may be long 
upon the land." 

We don't want to be regimental 
of every move you make. You don't 
like that program, and you shouldn't. 
All we want to do is, with our arms 
around you, guard you against the 
pitfalls of life. 

Next time your soul rebels against 
our cautions to you, "Stop, look, and 
listen," think before you leap. You 
know, we could make a wonderful 
team, you with your vitality and 
vigor, and we, with forty or more 
years' experience, walking side by 
side with you to help you appreciate 
the things which have made us hap- 
py. Yes, and we'll get around the 
piano and sing with you to our 
hearts' content, "Don't Fence Me 
In." 

563 



Ruler of the Crags 



vans 







FEET bunched, his hulking shoul- 
ders high, Blackspike, the lead- 
er of the band of mountain 
goats, rose from his resting place on 
the brink of the highest cliff, and 
stood silhouetted against the slowly 
flooding light. At this season he had 
shed his thick white hair and the 
shaggy "chaps" which in winter 
gave him an appearance of rugged 
symmetry. In his scanty coat he 
seemed ungainly, his head, with its 
two ebony spikes, disproportionate- 
ly large. Short neck lowered, he 
stood in that precarious place, star- 
ing unconcernedly at the avalanche 
courses spreading fanlike from the 
base of the cliff. From shallow de- 
pressions in the rock behind him 
other goats were rising, and already 
one impatient yearling was moving 
down to the feeding grounds. But 
still the big leader kept his lookout, 
scanning the mountainside to see 
that all was safe. 
564 



Illustrated by 
John Evans 



The younger males and the nan- 
nies, knee-deep in the heather and 
ground hemlock, remained motion- 
less, facing the east as if in perform- 
ance of some rite without which their 
day could not begin. The several 
awkward, narrow-chested kids 
gamboled waggishly. Close behind 
Blackspike, two were engaged in 
mock battle for possession of a small 
outcrop of rock. A mile below and 
six miles distant, the big river 
curved between its flanking spruce 
forests. The morning mist lay over it 
like a silver scarf flung westward 
toward the sea. Far down against 
the mist two golden eagles traced 
exquisite curves and spirals. 

Satisfied that the band's feeding 
grounds were free of lurking men- 
ace, Blackspike started the strag- 
gling procession downward. Most 
fearless and sure-footed of the crag 
dwellers, they stepped confidently 
onto the ledges where one misstep, 
an instant's error in judgment, 
would have launched them into 
space. Down the cliff face they came, 
the kids moving as expertly as their 



elders. Fifty feet from the bottom, 
the ledge broadened into a flat 
bench into which several fissures, or 
"chimneys," dropped almost verti- 
cally. From this lower lookout 
Blackspike surveyed the ground be- 
low, then shambled lower. 

At the base of the cliff the band 
scattered, seeking the torn snow- 
slide channels which spread like 
long fingers far down into the 
stunted evergreens. On the openings 
grew small lush plants and twig tips, 
dainty in their new green. Not once 
did Blackspike look above him. Un- 
told centuries of confidence in their 
climbing skill had dulled his breed 
to the chance of attack from above. 
So it was that an hour later as he 
browsed on a mountain ash clump, 
the old goat did not see the gray 
form which showed for a moment 
on the cliff top and then vanished, 
shadowy and soundless. 

The ptarmigan, those trim, 
grouse-like birds of the altitudes, 
were the first to learn of the gray 
wolf's presence on Dome Mountain. 

Not even the watchful marmot 
had time to warn them, so stealthily 
did the marauder come. Even dur- 
ing their brief mountain summer, 
roving hunters from the forests be- 
low seldom came so high in search 
of prey. 



I 



t was soon after the sun came out 
that the wolf discovered the goats. 
The light had found the cliff face 
and magnified its slight irregulari- 
ties. Brightness and shadow lay in 
barbaric patterns upon it. A pair of 
ptarmigan flashed skyward to catch 
the widening rays. Higher and high- 
er they dipped and swerved, pos- 
sessed by the flashing madness of 
their late season mating flight. From 
among the rocks to the north of the 
cliff the wolf watched them, brush 
lowered, head out-thrust level with 
his powerful shoulders. 

The pair were descending now. 
With wings spread they were glid- 
ing toward the broken ground to the 
left and slightly below him. They 
swept parallel to the sidehill, banked, 
seemed for an instant to hang in air, 
then dropped neatly among the 
sprawling bushes. For the time be- 
ing the wolf forgot the goats. 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



He circled cautiously in the lee of 
the rock and commenced his stalk. 
The sun's warmth was drawing the 
cool air of the lower slopes upward 
in loitering currents, and, as the 
wolf worked slowly to the left, he 
caught scent of his feathered quarry. 
Here and there the heather tips 
moved slightly to mark the erratic 
courses of the foraging birds. Body 
close to the ground, haunches and 
shoulders protruding, the wolf crept 
nearer. From ahead came the reas- 
suring clucking of a hen convoying 
her half-grown brood. 

With great muzzle cushioned on 
his forepaws the wolf peered down 
the slope under the spreading tops 
of the heather. Once the light dis- 
appeared at the far end of a broken 
opening through the stalks, then 
winked on again as a bird passed it. 
Straight below him in a more open 
place the wolf saw the first of the 
feeding birds. Although their winter 
plumage of pure white had been 
partly replaced by the dark protec- 
tive colorings of summer, he 
glimpsed the white feathers. All four 
paws shifted slightly as he crept on 
to ambush the covey. 

Ten feet farther on he stopped. 
On both sides of him rose rock walls 
six or eight feet high, forming a 
funnel through which some of the 
ptarmigan must pass on their way 
up the slope. On the near side of 
this miniature canyon the heather 
grew thickly, giving him an excellent 
hiding place. 

Head and tail pressed to earth he 
waited while the bird scent came 
strongly to him. The first of the un- 
suspecting birds was already enter- 
ing the wide mouth of this trap 
among the rocks. His stalk had oc- 
cupied a good hour, but now success 
seemed certain. 

Without warning, a shadow 
swept across the rock face opposite, 
and the wolf knew a lone ptarmigan 
had settled on the wall immediately 
behind him. The heather tips met 
over his back, yet his great form 
sank lower, imperceptibly melting 
into the mottled shadows. The 
covey was close. 

The cock ptarmigan on the ledge 
was ignorant of the danger. A 
golden eagle sweeping low, a marten 
ranging high in summer, these were 
foes he watched for instinctively, but 
a wolf was an enemy new to Dome 
Mountain. Leaving the rock, the 
bird was about to settle midway be- 

SEPTEMBER 1946 



tween the two ledges when it saw 
the motionless gray shape. It flashed 
straight up, sounding its staccato 
alarm. 

Instantly the covey scattered 
downhill, the young birds skimming 
the heather tops, the hen cutting to 
right and left behind, driving them 
on, while the cock high in air clacked 
belligerently at the discomfited 
stalker. 

A less experienced hunter might 
have broken cover and rushed after 
the startled birds. But the wolf, 
standing now, scarcely watched 
them scatter down the slope. Then 
in a long, lithe leap he rose to the 
crest of the ledge and halted, only 
his gray head showing above the 
rim. 



A' 



long the slide courses he saw 
several of the soiled white 
shapes of the goats, some half hid- 
den in brush, others boldly outlined 
against the green of the valley floor. 
On the highest outcrop along the 
slide Blackspike stood staring plac- 
idly down. 

Dropping from sight, the wolf be- 
gan a long detour downhill. The 
full heat of the autumn day lay on 
the slopes. From eroded patches 
of bare rock, heat waves shimmered. 
And while the wolf trotted craftily 
along a depression paralleling the 
slide course, Blackspike started 
slowly toward the cliff path. In the 
full sunlight and with no wind, the 
mountainside was becoming uncom- 
fortably warm. 

In groups of two and three the 
rest of the band were also moving up. 
They had fed abundantly since day- 
light; now they were thinking of 
their cool resting places on the 
snows above the cliff. 

From the sloping side of an im- 
mense boulder, the wolf could see 
Blackspike and some of the band 
already mounting the cliff. He had 
never hunted mountain goat before, 
but he seemed to know that tactics 
he had used upon deer in the low- 
lands could not serve him here. 
Hungrily and with a savage stealth 
he left the rock and started upward, 
always keeping a rock or clump of 
brush between himself and the 
goats. By the time he was close to 
the frowning wall of cliff he saw his 
chance, and as he slunk closer there 
was a grim intensity of purpose in 
the slightly flattened ears and low- 
ered head. 

At the end of the straggling band, 



a full hundred yards behind the 
others, a young nanny and her kid 
were mounting slowly. Each time 
the mother stopped to nibble at 
scattered tufts the kid's antics were 
renewed. Sometimes it would climb 
to the gray crown of boulders, some- 
times start ahead only to bear down 
on its mother in short, stiff-legged 
jumps, its hornless head lowered in 
mock combativeness. The wolf 
moved northward, almost abreast of 
them, a gray shadow flitting to cut 
them down off from the start of the 
cliff path. 

Cuddenly the nanny lifted her head 
with a warning snort, saw her 
enemy and, with the kid running 
close beside her flank, dashed away 
for twenty yards. She was confused, 
and in her terror she had no thought 
but flight until the unerring instinct 
of her kind made her swerve and 
rush for the start of the path. Her 
course ran parallel to that of the 
speeding wolf. His gait was faster 
than hers, but the broken ground 
she covered so easily hampered him 
and she and her offspring reached 
the gateway to safety a good thirty 
yards in the lead. Madly she 
bounded up the steep trail leading to 
the bench where the trail turned left 
again. The kid's tiny hoofs thudded 
dully on the rock behind her as she 
breasted the ascent. 

But the gray hunter was not beat- 
en yet. Haunches and shoulder 
muscles rippling beneath his thin, 
summer coat, he bounded after them. 
He showed a gloating recklessness 
as he shortened the distance between 
himself and the terrified kid. The 
ledge here was wide enough for him 
to turn easily if the mother showed 
fight. In one last terrific spurt he 
closed just as the two goats were 
crossing the level of the bench. Hurl- 
ing himself at the kid's flank, he 
turned onto the expanse of flat rock 
and, as the mother gained the nar- 
row ledge leading to the cliff top, 
gathered himself to leap upon his 
prey. 

The kid never knew how narrowly 
he escaped the bared fangs. In short, 
zigzagging leaps he was fleeing for 
the fissures which ages of sun and 
frost had weathered in the face of 
the wall. 

His effort seemed hopeless, but as 

the wolf darted with head low and 

slightly turned for the fatal inward 

thrust, the young mountaineer 

(Continued on page 597) 

565 



OUR MEMBERS m tL 



& 



wSSian 




one 



More than four thousand mem- 
bers of the Church of Jesus 
Christ of Latter-day Saints 
today reside in that part of Ger- 
many occupied by Russian troops. 
When a record of their experiences 
has been compiled, it will represent 
one of the stirring epics of sacrifice 
and cooperation in the history of 
"Mormon" missions. 

Because of Polish expulsion or- 
ders, the more than fifteen hundred 
members of the Church who had 
resided in Silesia now taken over by 
the Poles, have had to find their way 
into Germany proper. In Cottbus, 
fiery, courageous Fritz Lehnig last 
year established a center in one of 
the schools, and there often as many 
as a hundred people were quartered 
until they could be pushed further 
into the interior to distribute them- 
selves in other parts of Germany. At 
one time as many as four hundred 
refugees were provided for by the 
Latter-day Saint organization in 
Berlin. When the bombings caused 
tremendous displacements, the 
Church leaders of the East Mission 
created community refugee areas in 
the Spreewald, Sudeten Mountains, 
and in Kreuz in Pomerania. An ap- 
peal went out to the membership in 
February 1944, asking for contribu- 
tions of clothing, bed linens, and 
other supplies which were accumu- 
lated in quantities so adequate that 
the appeal was shortly voided. To- 
day, of course, there is a general 
shortage of all clothing and supplies 
among the members, but in 1 944 and 
1945 many a person was assisted 
through trying months because of 
this self-help action and the coopera- 
tion of the membership of the dif- 
ferent branches. 

From the genealogist Langhein- 
rich, who had been in charge of wel- 
fare, I heard a report of the ten days 
after April 23, 1945, when the Rus- 
sians occupied the area in which 
the mission office was located at 
Rathenowerstrasse 52. The seventy- 
five people in that four-story house, 
thirty-seven of them members of the 
Church, shared their provisions. For 
two days from April 23 to the 25th, 
there was little to eat. There were 
shells bursting all about, but ulti- 
mately the struggle ceased. Some of 
566 



the people went out and scrounged 
bread. A mindful member made her 
way to headquarters bringing rice 
and other foodstuffs. Two of the 
brethren made their way out of the 
city and returned with 1600 pounds 
of potatoes, a bag of sugar, farina, 
and bread. Another foraging party 
came upon Russians slaughtering 
an ox. The Red troops left them 
the tongue and less desirable sec- 
tions of the animal, so they brought 
back one hundred forty pounds of 
meat. Others secured vegetables. 
Through those trying days no one 
starved, and slowly order was re- 
stored. 

VyiTH the end of the war, the de- 
sire of the members was to con- 
tinue their religious activities. The 
Russians had to be contacted for 
permission to hold meetings. The 
ultimate result was an order from 
General Sokolovsky, noted for his 
active participation in the battle of 
Warsaw. That order is today the 
prize possession of the mission presi- 
dency, for it not only permits the 
holding of the regular services of the 
Church, but it enables representa- 
tives of the Church to move about, 
and it secures for them a great prize 
— the largest collection of genealogi- 
cal records intact in Germany — - 
located by some of the brethren in 
a mine shaft and other areas where 
they were carelessly dumped. Ulti- 
mately 60,000 volumes of whole 
family trees and Church records as 
well as hundreds of films will be 
made available to the Genealogical 
Society of Utah, because genealo- 
gists succeeded in obtaining the writ- 
ten consent of the Russian com- 
mandant to gather these records at 
a time when most people in Germany 
were more concerned with other 
problems. 

Today more than forty-five 
branches of the Church are again 
functioning in the Russian zone. The 
Russian officer in charge of propa- 
ganda and religious literature has 
read many of the published tracts, 
and the mission has permission to 
publish leaflets when the necessary 



By ARTHUR GAETH 

paper can be made available. Two 
automobiles have been freed for 
Church use by order of the com- 
manding general. At Whitsuntide 
permission was received to hold a 
mission conference at Leipzig, and 
members from many parts of the 
East Mission gathered in the city 
where I well recall the priesthood 
jubilee which I helped to arrange 
back in 1929. 

When I asked Brother Langhein- 
rich how the Church had fared at 
the hands of the Russians, he re- 
plied that all were pleasantly sur- 
prised at the consideration given to 
religious needs. With two mission- 
aries ( there are now thirty-one local 
members called to missions in the 
East German Mission) I inter- 
viewed four members of the High 
Church Council of the Lutheran 
Church in Berlin. They gave me the 
same testimony: contrary to their 
expectations, they had not been dis- 
turbed in any of their endeavors, ex- 
cept where certain large estates were 
involved. They have been able to 
establish a book center and although 
the Russians had little understand- 
ing for church charity, which they 
think is the function of the state, 
and have been opposed to mainte- 
nance of youth and women's organ- 
izations by religious bodies, they 
have now given permission to con- 
duct these on a local basis. 

The Church mission also has 
opened a permanent refugee center 
for its older members: wives who 
have lost husbands and for orphans 
at Wolfsgruen. About eighty people 
are permanently housed there on an 
estate which includes forty-five 
thousand square meters of park and 
twenty-two thousand square meters 
of pasturage. The inmates engage 
in handwork and other activities, and 
the whole atmosphere is one of hope 
and security. 

Tn spite of extremely strange con- 
ditions and the loss of many values 
through the destructive nature of 
war, the major part of the members 
of the Church have not lost their be- 
(Conctuded on page 584) 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



"j'fi 



•-! 



romm AND ITS FULFILMENT 



President Woodruff lived on 
the same block that we did, 
and had a fine orchard. We 
also had a fine orchard and garden. 
Between our garden and his there 
was an eight-foot picket fence. 
President Woodruff knew me almost 
as well as he did one of his own 
boys. In fact, I, boylike, felt that his 
fruit was just a bit sweeter, a little 




J 



out in the world to preach the gos- 
pel, I am perfectly willing to go any- 
where you desire to send me, but I 
hardly see the necessity of doing it 
at home." 

President Woodruff turned to me 
and said, "My boy, if you will ac- 
cept this mission, as a prophet of the 
Lord, our God, I promise you that 
the presence of the Lord shall go 
before you to prepare the hearts of 
the people to receive your message." 
This statement and prophecy of the 
President thrilled me through and 
through, and I turned to him and 
said, "President Woodruff, for such 
a wonderful promise, I will go to the 
ends of the earth to conform to your 
desire." 



Ow ^rran,R l/l. Jaulor 






f 



A 



PRESIDENT WILFORD WOODRUFF 

more red to the apple than ours, and* 
so I climbed carefully over that 
eight-foot picket fence, and many 
times have I hurried back over it 
with President Woodruff after me 
with a long stick. 

President Woodruff sent for me 
and told me that he would like me to 
go on a mission for the Church. 
They had decided to send out a 
group of men in behalf of the Young 
Men's Mutual Improvement Asso- 
ciation to encourage greater attend- 
ance and enlistment to the associa- 
tion, and, at the same time, to call all 
people to repentance. When he ex-, 
plained this to me I said to him, 
"President Woodruff, is it necessary 
in the Church where we have organ- 
ized priesthood quorums and ward 
teachers to call our people to repent- 
ance? Doesn't this problem belong 
to the quorums and teachers? For 
the life of me I can't understand the 
necessity of sending elders out to 
call our people to repentance, and I 
am frank to admit that it doesn't 
impress me. If you want me to go 

SEPTEMBER 1946 



number of men were called to 
act as superintendents or presi- 
dents of certain divisions in the 
Church, and I was one of those se- 
lected for that purpose. 

We went to several bishops to ask 
their cooperation and help in our 
work. When we explained to them 
our mission, some of them frankly 
told us that they were not in har- 
mony with it; that they didn't think 
we could do any good; that they had 
men in the priesthood quorums and 
teachers in the ward who could look 
after their own affairs; that they 
didn't need any help from us. 

I had in my mind all this time the 
promise of the prophet of the Lord 
that the presence of the Lord should 
go before me to prepare the hearts 
of the people to receive my message, 
and I said to my companion, "I think 
that we need to do a little praying 
and a little fasting; and, if it's agree- 
able with you, we will fast and pray 
until we get the spirit of this mis- 
sion." We did accordingly; and then 
one night a spirit came over me that 
I couldn't describe. It seemed to fill 
my whole being with light, and I felt 
almost as if I could fly. I had never 
had in my life such happiness come 
to me as the spirit of that light which 
rested upon me. I didn't hear any 
voice. I didn't see a personage, but 
it was made plain to me, as to what 
we should do, how we should do it, 



and it brought me an assurance that 
the promise of the prophet should be 
fulfilled. 

So with new faith we went back 
to one of these bishops and insisted 
that he send out couriers to visit all 
the people in his ward and appoint a 
special meeting for them to attend. 
When we arrived at the meeting- 
house, it was packed to overflowing, 
and to our surprise everybody 
stayed throughout the meeting, and 
everybody wanted us to go home 
with him. In the morning with the 
president of the Mutual we started 
out to visit the homes of the people 
that were on this list. It so hap- 
pened, without any premeditation on 
our part or arrangement, that the 
first offender happened to be near 
where we were staying, and we went 
to his home first. When we arrived 
he was there in his best clothes to 
meet us, kept his children home 
from school, had a fire in the parlor, 
and received us with courtesy and 
kindness. We didn't have to do any 
preaching to him or to call him to 
repentance. He volunteered before 
we said anything at all of his mis- 
deeds, of the things he had been 
doing wrong, put his head down on 
the table, and cried like a little child 
and asked if God would forgive him 
for the things that he had done 
wrong. And, when we explained to 
him all the Lord required was for 
him to put those evil things away 
and repent before the Lord, that 
God would forgive him, the people 
would forgive him, and his home 
would be a home of happiness. I 
think both my missionary companion 
and I shed tears with him and 
his wife, and I am sure I had never 
had things happen that gave me 
greater joy or pleasure than in this 
home witnessing the spirit of this 
man who sought forgiveness. And 
so we were received as we went 
from house to house with like con- 
sideration. It was not necessary for 
us to do much preaching because the 
hearts of the people were touched 
before we met them. All, I felt, ac- 

(Continued on page 591) 
567 



J n ESCAPE 



mm 



DEATH 



mo$ > tet.tbfe teeling that can come to 
mE n OU slization, if not based on a be- 
\ K l hi ro -ealed religion, breaks dawn. 
Nations and communities must have a 
■ ,-it v loissoess \\ b«.h must be kept alive 
jo (ha fact that there is an everlasting 
Jil!< rence between the best and the 



.1 ,-itior>C>f o ur < 
tn:majs spirit, (SJWW7A, Vsotil 
istence evcrv a*9 « ™J ,' ,3 
of out hopes t c < »<fi i 

azsrt ■ J 



AS RELATED BY 



to Civilization 

Zi Pn-iittrnl devi Cdcjat Ijfmmy 



Of THE fift! 



JNCtL OF WE 



OT ,t and that there is a neihteousne*, 
t' 1 nation and for the individua 
. ipon the everlasting nature of 
fosclf Thi«H the coni rsHntiv..n _ 
%q\on >.f brae! t1.<- wriu;u;s i 
ttgfe:^ and "1 she o.»;«H'>' 
-— S-ti ;.""[ 1 eer. made through the een- 



rse; 



thto 



fjlE HotY-lfcatS 



lifted up.' Fra^'i- .t vi- 
; beyond. Use; i s P rai '^ B , 
a new kanto* jl , u >' ! 7! . a 
(Lis vision r-drf.HA ^ 

bcv*id. '• "& : 

, ,..,theb W •• : 

world Wan *Pr'r^ 
the h 3 w. a ! ' 
imhethut- ^, !,t V ,T 






the 



1»«ElKMH l,f 




jc bout five years ago, I was attend- 
/-\ ing a semireligious meeting which 
r* * I shall never forget, for the speak- 
er, I don't remember his name or sect, 
gave a talk on faith which I have kept 
as my guide in life everywhere I go and 
anything I do. He said that those who 
live righteously and try to make the 
best of every situation that arises will 
find that everything that happens to 
them is for their own good. This will 
seem hard to believe for those who have 
to live in poverty or who are crippled 
for life or have other trials. 

Before our full-scale attack on the 
city of Metz, France, we received a 
message from General Patton. He said 
this was the third time to try to take the 
city which was believed to be the most 
powerfully defended city in the world. 
It is surrounded by the Moselle River 
on one side and steep hills on the other 
three sides. These hills were hollow 
with forts in which the defenders had 
supplies and arms and artillery. One 
fort was ten kilometers long or about 
six miles. 

I prayed for the courage to do my 
part because I didn't feel at the time 
that I'd be able to go through with it. 
A few days before the attack I was 

568 



TOP: PHOTOGRAPH OF "THE IMPROVEMENT 
ERA" WHICH WAS CARRIED IN THE POCKET 
OF BROTHER SMITH'S FIELD JACKET. THE 
BULLET ENTERED HIS BREAST AND LODGED 
IN THE OUTER LINING OF HIS HEART. 

BELOW: PHOTOGRAPH OF ACTUAL LEAD 
TAKEN FROM THE CHEST OF ELDER SMITH 



given charge of a squad. With that re- 
sponsibility I knew that those lives de- 
pended a lot on me. If a person is 
given a responsibility it always 
strengthens him. 

/^n another occasion, I had just been 
given a new squad. We were com- 
ing to the border into Germany, and our 
big objective was Merzig. That day 
we captured a position, and I was 
turned around. I didn't know in which 
direction the Germans were, and none 
of the rest did, either. After dark we 
finally found a place and dug in, hoping 
we wouldn't fire on our own men. The 



fp/elden //. Dmitri 



Accompanying the account by 
Elder Smith, and the folded 
"Era" and the bullet, was a letter 
from Clifford C. Clive, of the high 
priests' quorum of St. Anthony, 
Idaho, who wrote, in part: 

"As a high priest quorum our spe- 
cial interest in the singular experi- 
ence of Elder Smith arises from the 
gratification we enjoy in the thought 
that this folded copy of 'The Im- 
provement Era' carried in the pocket 
over his heart at the time the bullet 
struck him retarded its velocity ex- 
actly enough to stop it at the lining 
of the heart and thus saved the boy's 
life. 

"As one of our quorum projects for 
the last few years, we have sent all 
the members of our stake entering the 
service of our country 'The Improve- 
ment Era.' . . . 



next morning we were preparing to 
attack. I was puzzled because I had 
received no instructions. I had a feel- 
ing that something was going to happen 
to me, and I prayed that I'd not be 
killed. Well, we went into the attack 
and had orders to go north. The shoot- 
ing was coming from the east of us, and 
my squad was on the right flank closest 
to the Germans. We came to a trench, 
and everyone jumped into it. The 
platoon leader hollered for me to get the 
men out of the trench and get them go- 
ing. The only way I could get them out 
would be to go ahead of them, so I 
crawled out and started to run north. I 
got about ten feet from the trench when 
a machine gun bullet hit me in the chest. 
I felt as if I had been thrown ten feet. 
I took my sulpha pills (eight of them) 
and drank what water I could get into 
my mouth. I couldn't seem to hit my 
mouth with it. It poured all over my face. 
Guess I was a little excited. My pals 
were in the trench and wanted me to try 
to crawl on my back to the trench. I 
couldn't do it, and every time I'd raise 
my knee a little the machine gun would 
open up. Those bullets would come 
thump, thump, thump all around me. 
Well, I knew I had to move some way. 
My buddies offered to come and get 
me, but I knew they would be hit if they 
tried it. I rolled onto my stomach and 
coughed up a lot of blood, and it 
{Concluded on page 580) 
THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



YESTERDAY AND TODAY 



IN spite of the many difficulties and 
oppressions of the Nazi gestapo, the 
brethren have succeeded, during the 
war, in building the work of the Lord. 
The Spirit of God triumphed over the 
insignificance of human self-conceit. 

Many difficulties incident to war 
were overcome through the loyalty of 
the Saints. Food worries, travel pro- 
hibitions, lack of shelter, and numerous 
air raids did not keep the Saints from 
drawing renewed strength from the 
gospel to overcome all obstacles. The 
people were heroic. Their deeds were 
not of the spectacular kind, but they 
revealed a deep, soul-stirring greatness. 
With the help of God and through the 
strong faith of the brethren and sisters, 
we held with great success, almost for 
the duration of the war, regular spring 
and fall conferences. 

Our members suffered heavy losses 
through the destruction of the cities and 
homes. Many found themselves after a 
terrific night attack, in the early morn- 
ing between the ruins and the glimmer- 
ing rafters, with nothing in their hands, 
bareheaded, covered only with scanty 
clothing, without food and home, but 
not without hope in God. In all their 
poverty, they were still truly rich. The 
losses of life were small, but the ma- 
terial losses were very heavy. Thou- 
sands became and still are destitute. 

The mission home was destroyed in 
a bombing attack during the night of 
November 22, 1943. Of course, we 
unitedly started the cleanup work. 
While at work, a still, small voice told 
me forcibly, "Leave this place with the 
lady missionaries at once." I did not 
hesitate a moment to be obedient to this 
voice. I called the sisters to come with 
me immediately. We picked up a few 
belongings hurriedly and left the house. 
One hour later, the mission home was 
so heavily bombed by another terrific 
attack that it literally burned from the 
cellar to the roof. Had Brother Klopfer, 
acting mission president, then visiting 
us on military furlough, his wife, the 
lady missionaries, and myself, stayed 
in the house, no escape would have 
been possible, and we would have 
burned to death. 

Tn the wake of the war, many homes 
of the members were destroyed. In 
Koenigsberg alone, after a night of 
bombing, thirty-five families were in 
the burning streets, without roof or 
clothing. In view of the ever rising 
need and in spite of limited resources, 
in January 1944, we inaugurated a re- 
lief program. Although the members 

SEPTEMBER 1946 



~M J-^lctvim of tke (Ladt C/t 



erman 



• By ELDER PAUL LANGHEINRICH, Berlin 
First Counselor of the Mission Presidency 



i55ion 



themselves had become poor during the 
war, our call was answered. The 
Saints contributed linen, dresses, books, 
and all kinds of household articles. As 
the cities were evacuated, many mem- 
bers were given shelter in Saxony. As 
long as the Saints followed the counsel 
of the priesthood, they were preserved 
from harm and danger. In Saxony we 
laid out three camps. At the end of the 
war, the immense problem of lodging 
the many homeless members confronted 
us. The task seemed almost impossible 
but with the Lord's help we succeeded. 

First, the brethren, about one hun- 
dred in all, gathered in the hall of the 
branch in Cottbus. Through the cour- 
tesy of the Soviet army officers, we suc- 
ceeded in getting a former nursing 
home in the Erzgebirge for a camp. 
Everywhere we received help through 
the Soviet administration. On our first 
visit to Buchholz, Sachsen, the members 
were living on potato peelings. They 
were on the verge of starvation. 
Thanks to the support of the Russians, 
we could furnish the necessary suste- 
nance. The local German officials pro- 
vided a small amount of help. Once six 



As far as possible, tasks are being 
performed by groups, according to 
Church practice, so that the members 
will become self-sustaining. In Cottbus, 
knitting by machine is being done. 
Other camps have new tasks to do. 
With the available lumber, we can 
build one and two family dwellings. 
In Wolfsgruen and Walthersdorf in 
the Erzgebirge, we could start a mod- 
ern furniture factory in available 
rooms, if we had a way of financing the 
project. With work, and adequate 
food which would insure continued 
health, the sorely-tried members would 
again be satisfied and happy. 

In addition to the material needs, 
stand the sorrow and longing of the 
soul. We are answering the earnest re- 
quests for preaching the gospel. Our 
own publications, with the approval of 
the occupation authorities, provide our 
members again with literature. Soon 
we are expecting to publish the mission 
publications Det Stern and Der Weg~ 
weiser in new and approved forms. 
Until we have closer contact with the 
Church, the auxiliaries are using our 
own revised and approved lesson ma- 




of us were thrown into prison in 
Zwickau. Someone had falsely sus- 
pected and reported us. Through the 
help of our Father in heaven, we were 
set free to continue our work. 

The districts of Koenigsberg, Dan- 
zig, Schneidemuehl, and Breslau are 
disorganized. Daily displaced members 
seeking new homes are being met in 
Berlin. As far as possible, we have 
gathered whole branches and put the 
members in previously prepared camps 
and homes. At the earliest opportunity, 
Breslau Branch is to come in one large 
group. 



MISSIONARY CONFERENCE HELD IN DRESDEN, 
GERMANY, MAY 1946 

terial. The number of active mission- 
aries is growing. The people are hun- 
gry for the word of God. Now we 
must and will throw in our sickle and 
with God's help, reap a rich harvest. 
The youth is marching forward and is 
diligent in the work. In order to create 
an even closer relationship among the 
members, pictures of the accomplish- 
ments of the mission are desirable and 
necessary. Our photo and film equip- 
ment was burned. Due to this fact, suc- 
cessful accomplishments through pub- 
(Concluded on page 596) 
569 




)&!0&:f 











By RICHARD L EVANS 



T_Teard from the "Crossroads of the West" with the Salt 
* ■*■ Lake Tabernacle Choir and Organ over a nationwide radio 
network through ksl and the columbia broadcasting system 
every Sunday at 11 :30 a.m. Eastern Daylight Saving Time, 9:30 
a.m. Central Standard Time, 8:30 a.m. Mountain Standard Time, 
and 7:30 a.m. Pacific Standard Time. 



\Jn fcvunnina ^rwau from, <=JLife 

C\& this question of trying to run away from our 
troubles and from ourselves: We all, of course, 
have our share of burdens. Some seem to carry them 
better than others, but there are times, no doubt, when 
many of us become discouraged to the point where we 
woridei; if facing life is worth the effort. Perhaps not 
iinany of us seriously harbor the idea, and yet the 
shadow of its suggestion may sometimes cross our 
thoughts. But when life becomes overbearingly com- 
plicated, when problems hang oppressively heavy, or 
when the courage to face consequences fails us, there 
are some few, unfortunately, who become so despond- 
ent, so panic-stricken, so baffled, that they contemplate 
running away from life itself by removing themselves 
from the scene of this world's troubles and tragedies. 
There is much that could be said on this serious subject, 
as preface to which let us ask ourselves these questions: 
Do we absolve a man of moral blaine if he runs away 
to a far city to avoid facing a responsibility? Is an 
obligation paid by the deliberate taking of a journey 
put of this world N any more than it is by the deliberate 
taking of a far journey in this world? Is God, who gave 
us life, to have us tell him when we have lived it long 
enough? A man can no more restore his own life than 
he can the life of another, : 'a^ he who takes what, he 
cannot restore is doing a gravely serious tiling, as is 
also he who undertakes to assume consequences which 
he can neither understand nor estimate, and the ultimate 
results *6f which he has no knowledge. To him who at 
any time for any cause contemplates thus seeking to f 
run away from himself, let it be said that men are im- 
mortal, that -lile is purposeful, that justice is certain. 
These truths we need never doubt. It is such verities 
that help men to endure to the end, which end, so- 
called, is but the beginning of things beyond — and he 
who would run away from life, in this world or out of 
it, is but inviting the transfer of his troubles to another 
time and place of settlement— perchance on less favor- 
able terms than are available here and now. Wisdom 
and the reason of reality would suggest facing the facts 
and solving our problems on the best terms that we 
can make with rife, not counting on being able to escape .. 
from ourselves by restlessly running up and down the 
world nor by removing ourselves from it. In short, 
there is no such thing ,as running away from life, and 
so we had better learn to live it. j 
■eiy . —July 14, 1946. 



J^uccedd id rjeuer ^jritial . 



HThere is a challenging phrase to the effect that "suc- 
cess is never final." It is true that there are many 
who seem to be successful up to a point — and then 
something happens. Some win honors and achieve dis- 
tinction in school years who seem to fail in meeting the 
real issues of life. There are some who are precocious 
as children, whose early success is not sustained 
through later years. There are those who enjoy much 
popularity in their youth, but who later fail to fulfil the 
promise of their youth. On the other hand, there are 
"ugly-ducklings," so to speak,, who were overshadowed 
when they were young, but who achieve distinction in 
years of maturity. There are those who die too soon 
for success to reach them; there are those who die in 
the full flush of success; and there are those whd' Outlive 
their own success. There are those who go through 
much of their lives, respected and in good conduct, 
who later make serious mistakes and lose all the 
reputation for success they ever had, some on moral 
grounds, some on financial grounds, some for causes 
unknown. But if they had died before they made such 
mistakes, they might well have been accounted success- 
ful. Where fair judgment and justice lie in such issues 
would be beyond the power of mere men to say, and 
it is fortunate that the valid appraisal of success in life 
rests with the Lord God and not with any mortal judge. 
But this much we may surmise: that it is the whole 
story of adman's life that must ultimately determine 
whether or not he is successful, and not any single 
page or chapter of it. And there are none so young but 
what their performance has its effect upon the whole 
of their lives, and none so old as to place them and their 
actions beyond judgment. A little foolishness may 
destroy a long-standing reputation for wisdom, and a 
little brilliance may seem to cover a multitude of sins, 
but life is not a thing that begins and ends at two defin- 
able points; it is an eternal journey, to endless destina- 
tions; and the highest reward is for consistency of per- 
formance — not merely for occasional flashes of bril- 
liance, or isolated acts of goodness, or brief periods of 
dependability. It is still true, as it was when it was 
anciently spoken, that to him "that endureth to the 
end" 1 come the greatest assurance of success and the 
greatest promise of having the labors of his life pro- 
nounced "Well done." 



1 Matthew JO: 22 



-July 28, 1946. 



570 



THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 




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'"Phis week in the valleys that fringe the Great Ameri- 
can desert, we pause again to commemorate the 
lives and labors of the pioneer empire builders of the 
inland West. It is ninety-nine years — one year before 
the Centennial — since they made their entrance into this 
forbidding wasteland, and, with hard work and the 
help of God, here created one of the garden places of 
the world. Recalling these events brings to mind the 
pioneers and pilgrims of all times past, all who have 
ventured forth to carve out a way of life for themselves, 
and one cannot help being moved by how much they 
sometimes did with so little, and, by comparison, how 
little some of us sometimes do with so much. Those 
who succeeded best with least material advantage 
were those who were driven by firm conviction. Usually 
they could have lived more comfortably in established 
places — that is, more comfortably as to the physical 
man, but not more comfortably as to conscience, for the 
compromising of principles, convictions, and ideals 
never brings comfort inside, where a man has to live 
with himself and all his thoughts. And so they ventured 
forth in the spirit of self-dependence as to the favors 
of men, but with great dependence on the providence 
of God, and set about to do what had to be done. Now 
a man who is breaking the wilderness a thousand miles 
from populous places has no one to run to the minute 
life becomes difficult or the minute problems become 
perplexing. So they did as men have always done when 
face to face with necessity: they solved their problems 
with what they had. Now comes, a century later, the 
year 1946, with all of its realities, all of its headaches. 
all of its perplexities, and we are led to ask what would 
we do if the props and the pampering were taken away 
from us. It would be shocking to begin with, of course. 
There would be much confusion, much consternation. 
Walking is always difficult to one long accustomed to 
riding — but when the machinery breaks down, forgot- 
ten energies and common sense and neglected resource- 
fulness come gloriously alive again, and some of the 
artificial props which we seem to be so desperately 
dependent upon are not missed so much nor so long as 
might seem to be the case. Our sons have proved this 
over and over again in the unexpected extremities of 
war. And, given reason enough for doing so, the same 
stuff that made men and women self-reliant in the pio- 
neering past would make them so again. It is not good 
for men "to be commanded in all things." (See D. & C. 
58:26.) They should "do many things of their own 
free will." (D. & C. 58:27.) 

1 ' —July 21. 1946, 



On 



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anqin 



ama 



r E see before us these days a generation on the 
move. There is much of going back and forth, 
much of running to and fro — much of seeking new 
sights, new scenes, new situations; and there are many 
who always seem to be possessed by the urge to be 
going somewhere, but who never quite seem to be 
arriving where they want to go. It would be interesting 
to know how many of us who are on the move actually 
have business of consequence or purpose of importance, 
and how many of us are deluded into thinking that 
merely because we are moving we are getting sorrier 
where. With those who move with constructive pur- 
pose there can be no quarrel. With those who are 
spurred by the wholesome discontent of progress there 
can be no quarrel nor can there be with those who 
move with the earnest intent of seeing worth-while 
things. But those who move aimlessly, those who drift 
without purpose, are to be pitied in their waste of life 
and in their want of objective. Aimless motion has little 
in common with directed purpose. But even more to be 
pitied are those who keep moving in an effort to elude 
themselves — those who try to outrun the pursuit of their 
own thoughts, those who try to solve their difficulties 
and their troubles by running away from them. This 
idea that all we need to do to solve a personal problem 
is to move to another place is an idea in which we 
should not place too much confidence. It is true that 
many of our troubles grow out of our environment, but 
it is also true that more of our troubles than we care 
to admit are chargeable to us, ourselves. And for such 
troubles, moving offers no certainty of cure. We may 
move, and move again; we may alter our apparel, our 
appearance, and our appellations— but unless with all 
this there is some genuinely new attitude, some new and 
real determination, we are running to no purpose, for 
without some change within, the old self is always 
there, and the old habits, the old excuses, the old fears, 
and the old thoughts — and temptation is everywhere. 
To be sure there is nothing wrong with moving. All 
of us got where we are because we or someone else 
moved us there. But let us not expect more of moving 
than it offers. It sometimes offers an opportunity, but 
it gives no assurance — and though we were to run rest- 
lessly up and down the world forever, we would never 
merely by moving shake off the shadows that pursue 
us. Moving is one thing, and changing may be quite 
another — and the way to change is to change. 



-July 7, 1946. 



Copyright, 1946. 



SEPTEMBER 1946 



:'«".■;> j 



571 



CHECKING UP 



I 



.van knew Carol had some- 
thing on her mind as soon as he entered 
the warm, fragrant kitchen, but he said 
nothing. Experience had taught him 
that the trouble which brought those 
wrinkles between her eyes would be 
forthcoming in due time. 

"You know, Ivan, a letter came from 
Roy today. That is, if you can call a 
half page a letter. It's there — " 

"He's going overseas, is that it?" 
Ivan broke in. 

"No, he doesn't think he will have to 
go now the war's over — unless he en- 
lists for three years — " 

"And you've noticed a difference in 
his letters lately — now he's got so much 
time on his hands," Ivan filled in. 

"How do you know?" asked Carol. 

"How could I help it after reading 
his letters lately. They don't come as 
often, and as you said, they're just 
notes now. And then he's mentioned a 
girl, Jean, and that she has red hair. 
We don't even know if she belongs to 
the Church." 

"Oh, Ivan," Carol's eyes filled with 
tears, "He's been such a good boy. He 
never missed a priesthood meeting 
when he was here, and he always used 
to wait until after sacrament meeting 
before he'd go on a Sunday night date. 
I can't bear to think of his getting blue 
or bitter because he's tired of being in 
the service and maybe going out with 
the wrong crowd." She began to sob. 

For a time neither of them spoke. 
Then Ivan gave her a smile and went 
to call the smaller children to supper. 

"Do you know, Carol," he said, "I 
can't remember ever seeing you idle 
except when you were in bed, and then 
you generally worried about your work 
for the next day so you didn't really 
rest. I'm going to call the depot now 
and see if we can get a Pullman to Los 
Angeles next Friday night. We'll go 
check up on Roy in person, and in the 
meanwhile maybe we can rub out some 
of those wrinkles between your eyes. 
I've always wanted to see Hollywood 
and maybe get a chance to play op- 
posite Betty Grable. I'll wire Roy 
we're coming and maybe he can get 
the week off. ' 

J. hey felt very much alone 
in the big Los Angeles station, that is, 
until a big six-footer in sailor blues 
jumped up and came to meet them. 
With a cry of joy, Carol ran into his 
arms while Ivan stood by trying to 
smile and swallow the lump in his 
throat at the same time. Roy had even 
arranged for their room. He had 
planned everything except that he had 
only Saturday and Sunday off. 

"But," he told them, "we'll at least 
have our evenings together." 

On Sunday, Roy took them to Holly- 
wood to see some of the famous places. 
TTiey spent the afternoon at Ocean 

572 



Park. About four-thirty Roy got up 
from the grass where they were rest- 
ing and said, "Listen, folks, I'm afraid 
you've been neglecting your sacrament 
meeting attendance, so I'm taking you 
to a ward in Long Beach. It's a long 
ride. We have to go back to Los 
Angeles and then to Long Beach. It 
will take close to two hours counting 
waits and all." 

"Isn't there a ward here in Santa 
Monica, or couldn't we go to one of 
the Los Angeles wards and save at 
least part of that ride?" Ivan suggested. 

"But I know some people in Long 
Beach Ward, and they have the best 
Firesides too." 

It was about a quarter of seven when 
they reached the chapel. A few people 
were around waiting for Church to be- 
gin as a red-haired girl came up the 
hall. Roy walked to meet her, and they 
came back hand in hand. 

"Dad, Mother, this is Jean." That 
was all he said. Ivan looked into the 
clear eyes and the radiant young face; 
then he looked side wise at Carol. What 
he saw there put his mind at rest. If 
Carol was satisfied, then the girl was all 
right. 

Ivan suddenly remembered what Roy 
had said about knowing some people 
in this ward. No wonder he had in- 
sisted on coming here. 



Dm Ljiloert ^fndrewi 



"Here, Bishop," he called, as a 
pleasant- faced man hurried by. "This 
is my dad and mother. They came down 
here to check up on me. But I've de- 
cided they're the one's that need check- 
ing up on. Help me keep an eye on 
them tonight and see if their church 
behavior is up to standard." 

The bishop laughed, "Hate to ask 
you with your parents here, but we're 
short on young fellows to take care of 
the sacrament." 

"It's okeh, Bishop, I'll get that sailor 
buddy of mine over here to help," and 
he moved away. 

Xhey were on their way 
home. Ivan knew Carol had something 
on her mind, but he waited. 

"Ivan, how many times have we 
stayed home from sacrament meeting 
rather than walk three blocks? Roy 
took us about forty miles anyway. And 
I haven't been to Relief Society for 
months." 

"Yes, Mom," Ivan squeezed her 
hand. "I'm wondering who really got 
checked on. Isn't Jean nice?" 




THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



T 



PEACE IN OUR WORLD 

By Charles Henry Mackintosh 

hey are not wise, who think the war is 
over 

Because another battle has been won; 
Because no rockets cross the cliffs at Dover, 
No bombers roar against the Rising Sun, 

The war of hate on love is never ended : 
To think it won is to increase the cost; 

It is to leave the ramparts undefended, 
To count the unfought fight already lost. 

Though each may yield to hate in his own 
fashion, 

Yet each will use it to its only ends: 
To poison understanding and compassion, 

To make new enemies of former friends. 

We may have peace, and we shall keep it 
longer, 

If each of us will look into his soul 
To see if love or hate is growing stronger 

Within the only world he can control. 



STAR OF GOLD REMOVED 
By Helen Kimball Orgill 

I saw my neighbor across the way 
Take down her star of gold today, 
That in her window shining through, 
Was superseded by the blue. 
She smiled and tried to hide the pain 
That long within her heart had lain. 
Evading not his mentioned name, 
Yet modest of her hero's fame. 
I saw beyond the courage won, 
A pillow wet with day begun. 
The star to her meant many boys: 
The one who played with childish toys, 
The lad who had with living seethed, 
The twinkling eyes and teeth all wreathed 
In smiles, who played at games with zest. 
And danced and skated with the best. 

O wise of earth, men high and low, 
What recompense can you bestow? 
The star of gold, O let it lead 
Away from selfishness and greed, 
To beckon on like long ago, 
The star of Bethlehem to glow! 



LIVING 

By Jo Adelaide Stock 

OH, there's a time for everything: 
A time to laugh and play and sing: 
A time for sorrow, poignant deep, 
And time for weary hearts to weep; 
A time for gentians, robin-wake, 
And ducklings riding on the lake; 
There's time for mistletoe and heather, 
Time for snow and summer weather. 

There's time for maidenhood to flower, 

And for a bride who waits her hour; 

A time for cold gray of the morn 

When a woman's son is born. 

And comes the lullaby's soft singing, 

Merry children's laughter ringing; 

And time to watch the falt'ring breath 

Of loved ones touched by grace of death. 

Hold fast the joys, the tears forgive, 
Because it is so good to live! 

SEPTEMBER 1946 



REAPING WE WONDER 
By Lucretia Penny 

Could it be broccoli? Is it a beet? 
Tomato? Potato. Irish or sweet? 
Could it be maybe a roasting ear? 
Bring out the botany and catalogs, dear. 
Asparagus? Leeks? Cress as in creeks? 
At long last we're reaping the thing we 

have sown. 
Could it be squash? An artichoke cone? 
Spinach? Kraut? The Brussels sprout? 
But we raised it! It's ours. We'd better find 

out! 



THE PROMISE OF FALL 

By Edna S. Dustin 

r\EFYiNG winter she flaunts her brush 
*-* Of flamingo wings and breast of a 

thrush. 
No Senorita is gayer than she 
In her bright petticoats as she paints each 

tree. 
Her laughter is heard in the tumbling leaves. 
As she walks in the face of death and 

breathes 
A promise that she will again restore 
The earth's bright cheeks now grayed with 

scar. 



YUCCA 

By Gene Romolo 

"V^ucca trees that rise from desert sand, 

4 Like waxen tapers waiting for the hand 

Of God to light them, help man's dust-filled 

eyes 
Turn from earth's wind-swept dunes to 

search the skies. 

Yucca trees, with many a low-swung star 
Above their chastity of white, are 
Lovely, living candles of the Lord, 
That well might grace a world communion 
board. 




NEW NEIGHBORS 
By Bertha R. Hudelson 

Two weeks ago they moved in next door, 
west! 
The van came in the middle of the night; 
Till dawn I heard the shouts of weary men 
Struggling with heaviness, testing their 
might. 

Later, I saw a little boy with eyes 

Unsmiling, watch the boys across the 
street; 
I took his hand, and soon he was their 
friend, 
Cheering and laughing, racing on light 
feet. 

I meant to call, solemn, well-groomed, when 

she 
Had curtains hanging, but I went before. 
With hair askew and house dress smudged, 

I took 
A dozen eggs, new-laid, to her back door. 



THE TURN h 

By Alice Marie Graves 

npo feel the aching weight of failure deep 
■*■ within; 
To think back through the years and years 

forever past 
And see in them sad unfulfilment of youth's 

dream; 
To glimpse a crossroad far off there with 

its wrong turn — 
A life thereafter lived but half because not 

yours — 
That's heartbreak. 

For you to drink the bottom of this bitter 

well 
And further understand that time may soon 

run out; 
But now to turn the look from all that 

should have been 
And say, "God helping me, I'll search out 

every scrap 
Of dream-stuff left. I can do something 

yet. I will!" 
That's courage. 



— Photograph by Josef Muench 



WOMAN IN PEACH TIME 
By Helen Baker Adams 

THESE are her brimful days, for well she 
knows 
Too soon the gold-red peach, the grapes full- 

vined 
Are gone again — as every autumn goes, 
Retracting all its tendered wealth. Her mind 
Foretells the deep contentment of her brood 
About the supper board on wintry nights 
When cook-stove warmth and savory pledge 

of food 
Set heavy eyes a-dance with hopeful lights. 

She hears the dull cicadas from her bed 
And, wearily, remembers soon the frost, 
The barren trees, the fruitful gardens — dead! 
The earth's good gifts can never quite be 

lost 
When woman's hand the fleeting harvest 

stays 
And stores, in shining rows, for leaner days. 

573 





ALMA SONNE 



European Mission 

"Older Alma Sonne, assistant to the 
Council of the Twelve, was ap- 
pointed July 27, as president of the 
European Mission by the First Presi- 
dency. He suc- 
ceeds Elder Ez- 
ra Taft Benson 
of the Council 
of the Twelve 
who has held 
that position 
since last Feb- 
ruary. 

President Ben- 
son whose ap- 
pointment t o 
Europe was 
made for the 
purpose of re- 
organizing the 
mission in Europe and making available 
food, clothing, and bedding for Church 
members in all European countries, 
will return home with his assignment 
fully accomplished. He has visited all 
countries of Europe where Saints re- 
side, including western Germany, 
Czechoslovakia, and France, and has 
just completed a visit to Holland, Swe- 
den, Finland, and into Poland, making 
his first visit into the last two countries. 

Elder Sonne, who has been an assist- 
ant to the Council of the Twelve since 
April 1941, has a Church background 
rich and varied. From 1910 to 1912 he 
filled a mission in England, where he 
had charge of emigration work, traffic, 
and transportation in the British Mis- 
sion office. He has been a member of 
the Logan Fourth Ward bishopric and 
of the Logan Ninth Ward bishopric, a 
member of Cache Stake high council, 
Cache Stake M.I.A. superintendent, 
and a member of the Cache Stake pres- 
idency for seven years, the last two of 
which he was stake' president. He was 
born in Logan, Utah, and has always 
kept his home there. 

Mrs. Sonne will' accompany Presi- 
dent Sonne to the European mission 
field. . ; ... 

Birthdays To Be Celebrated 

HPhe Improvement Era congratulates 
both President J. Reuben Clark, 
Jr., and President David O. McKay of 
the First Presidency, who have birth- 
days in September. 

President Clark celebrates his sev- 
enty-fifth birthday September 1. He 
was sustained as second counselor in 
the First Presidency April 6, 1933, and 

574 



Ckweh Moves On 



was ordained an apostle and set apart 
as first counselor in the First Presi- 
dency, October 11, 1934. 

President McKay will mark his sev- 
enty-third birthday on September 8. An 
apostle since 1906, he was set apart as 
second counselor in the First Presi- 
dency October 6, 1934. 

German Radio 

"pROM the New York Daily Mirror 
comes word that Captain Fred G. 
Taylor, formerly of Salt Lake City, and 
"one of those fine 'Mormon' boys who 
was a missionary in the prewar days 
and had been in Germany as such, is 
now operating the radio station at 
Stuttgart. Realizing that Stuttgart was 
about to fall, forty Nazi SS men were 
assigned to wreck the transmitter. It 
was estimated that it would take at 
least eighteen months to get the station 
back into operation. The army had it 
back on the air in six weeks. Today, 
under Captain Taylor's direction, it is 
described as one of the four most im- 
portant stations in Germany with a 
twenty-four hour daily schedule featur- 



ing fine artists, actors, and newscast- 
ers." 

Pioneer Day 

/^hurch members wherever they 
have located, fittingly marked the 
ninety-ninth anniversary of the coming 
of the Pioneers into the valley of the 
Great Salt Lake, July 24, 

President George Albert Smith and 
a special party traversed the old Pio- 
neer Trail, covering the entire distance 
in less than a week, to take part in the 
laying of the first stone for the $300,000 
"This Is the Place" monument where 
President Brigham Young uttered those 
now famous words near the mouth of 
Emigration Canyon. 

Earlier in the day, President Smith 
and party had taken part in a celebra- 
tion at Henefer, Utah, where Governor 
Herbert B. Maw, in a special proclama- 
tion, created the "This Is the Place" 
state park, and made definite promise 
of completion of a roadway to follow 
the Pioneer Trail from Henefer over 
Big Mountain and Little Mountain into 
the Salt Lake valley. 




MISSIONARIES ENTERING THE MISSIONARY HOME 
JUNE 10, AND DEPARTING JUNE 20, 1946 

Those appearing in the picture are: Jack Oliver 
Hanson, Elbert Joseph Johnson, Christina McCall, 
Robert Lindsay McCall, Raymond Walker Miles, Ethel 
Castleton Miles, Willis Reed Payne, Joseph Verle 
Porter, Agnes Eraser, Archibald George Henry Webb, 
Donnell Monson Whitehead, Wynona Cummings, Wil- 
liam Newman Patten, Elsie Knighton, Clara McMur- 
ray, Leone Andrus Taylor, William B. Taylor, Douglas 
Wakefield Welti, June Alberta Anderson, Keith Done 
Bassett, Robert Louis Brandley, Hal William Fowkes, 
Lee Kent, Florence Muhlestein, Loren Hill Orr, Ben 
Hill Booth, Rosa Afton Goodman, Wanda Gurr. 

Veda Ellen Kenney, Dora Moulton, Eldon Gone 01- 
sen, Lois Ruth Petersen, Elmina C. Papworth, Harold 
Ray Papworth, Arvel E. Rasmussen, Adah Eleanor 
Culler, Phyllis Uarda Perkins, Lyneer Charles Smith, 
Simon Lind Baker, Peter Graham Burt, Robert N. 
Clark, Connie Mae Fackrell, Peggy Lucile Hawkes, 
Dale A. McAllister, Marguerite Thomas, Ralph Alma 
Woodward, Mack Kennington, Wells Clinton Wake- 
field, Lois Margaret Glad, Rebecca Torres, Ruth 
Torres, Kathryn Woolley, Hugh Lynn Brown, Wayne 
Albert Merrill, Phyllis Noall, Helen Lucile Oleson. 

Virgie Parker Sullivan, Willie K. Tanner, Norman 
Ray Wood field, Oscar Jay Hunsaker, Arlen Q. 
Leavitt, Nels Arthur Nelson, Meryl Reber, William 
Duane Wardle, Rose Marie Wegener, Betty Ida Lub- 
bers, Enoch Oscar J. Henricksen, Anna Pauline S. 



Henricksen, Reed Franklin Lundquist, Myrtle Aroha 
Barton, Sherman Stewart Barton, Hyrum James Han- 
son, Evelyn Mae Haslam, Jessie Dawana Holt, Carol 
Johnson, Bernice Rosabelle Randall, Maurine Randall, 
Norma Shumway, Grace Alene Williams, Daloy Carl 
Bowden, Kay Lewis Hair, Melvin Hodgkinson, Phyllis 
Emilie Kemetzsch, Eulla Ann Shakespear, Erold Clark 
Wiscombe, Stunford L. Richards. 

Ellen Dame, Loreno Jean Duke, Alda Field, Law- 
rence Greene, Alene Marie Kotter, Jesse Monroe 
Layton, LaRee Lamb, Elva Luella Moore, Una Vae 
Moore, Sarah Marie Orme, Virginia Rupper, Virginia 
Burton, Cathryn Elsie Carlson, Seisa T. Claussen, Don 
Collier, Anna Lucille Kelley, Marie Knighton, Vernon 
Malcolm Nuttall, Royal Eugene Oakes, Evelyn Peter- 
son, Zelma Winger, Gordon Lowell Wright, LaVaun 
Barber, Viola Burrows, Jesse Orson Carter, Mary 
Ellen Christensen, Ray Leo Dabb, Ella Melissa Gib- 
bons, Royal Homer Hansen, Neil Kohler Holbrook. 

Esther Elvira Holder, James Archie Holder, Dena 
Kirkland, Joseph Richard Larsen, Betty Lou Marshall, 
LaVell Smedley, Jacob Moroni Bingham, Gertrude 
Edna Breitling, Leon Bawden, Irene Blake, Mary 
Kathleen Chapman, Calvin Willis Craig, Annita 
Elmer, Nedra L. Lee, Grace Manwaring, Elsie Vom 
Feld, Mary Wintch, Bevan Boyd Blake, John Blake- 
more Laycock, Lorena Brown, Bud Henry Hinckley, 
Edith Nyman, Lorna Shelton, Dean W. Soman, Audra 
Lucille Call, Larmer D. Ellsworth, A. Leland Erick- 
son, Clifford Wayne Humphreys. 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 




MISSIONARIES ENTERING THE MISSIONARY HOME 
JUNE 24, AND DEPARTING JULY 4, 1946 

Those appearing in the picture are: George Han- 
cock Bowles, Charles Elmo Turner, Mares Owens, 
William Harper Stoneman, Ray Eyre Turner, GustaYe 
H. Anderson, Mary Lindgren Anderson, LeRoy Elsdon 
Howard, Jr., Nannie Mosley Lowe, Reed Y. Newton, 
Nora H. Nielsen, Zella Rust, Sarah Langston White, 
Edith Young, Kay R. Bendixsen, Delwyn Hirst Fitches, 
Ralph Lentord Kitchen, John Gayle Morgan, Alden A. 
Oakes, Dorothy Peck Reese, Zona Walburger, Rex Dee 
Whiting, Lois Estelle Widdison, John Nelson Baird, 
Theodore Harry Greaves, Dale A. Harrison, Iris 
Brown, Richard Lowell Castleton. 

Edwin Victor Davis, Mary Lalene Hart, Darwin 
Daniel Madsen, Grace Helen Riches, Ruth B. Thomas, 
Edith Melgaard, Heber John Barnett, Rachel LaRue 
Evans, Kathleen Horsley, Roscoe Clinton Loveland, 
Joyce McRae, Mart A. Nelson, Calvin Don Pratt, 
Burtis B. Robertson, Jeanette Seibold, Percia Mae 
Terry, George Samuel Tibbits, Bruce William War- 
ren, Orrin Raymon Bates, Ethel Reader Call, Noal 
Davis Despain, Virginia Edman, John Niels Ipson, 
Nadiene Renee Meier, James Rowlings Nielsen, 
Howard Davis Paul, Don Muir Walker, Don Albert 
Westover. 

Lucille Young, John E. Anderson, Jack L. Halversen, 
Clean Max Kotter, Elden R. Littlewood, Glenn Samuel 
Smith, Douglas Wakefield, Claud L. Westenskow, 
Clarence M. White, John Horace Aikele, Seth G. Mat- 



tice, Wylma Rogers, Joseph Lorenzo Van Leeuwen, 
George Allen, Jr., Stanley Keith Andrus, Reuel Josiah 
Bawden, Ferl Blackburn, Vera Dean Blackburn, Glen 
Randall Boulton, Arthur Jesse Bott, LaVern Toone 
Brown, Avard Pratt Goodmansen, Richard Isaacson, 
Waldo Evan Jacobsen, Grant Wells Madsen, Truman 
Grant Mardsen, Sterling Sessions, Anna White Turner, 
Benjamin Godfrey Turner, Lois Leone Bigelow. 

Don Leroy Fotheringham, Mary Gilson, Nellie May 
Haggen, Leo Dean Hyman, Lyman Kapple, Jr., Phebe 
Estelle Taylor Kapple, Pearl Lenore Lillywhite, 
Claudia Mortensen, Roma Richardson, Annie Mary P. 
H. Smith, John L. Smith, Virgil Bushman Smith, Peggy 
Jean Wilson, Vivian Alice Barton, McKay Call Burton, 
Guy Erwin Davis, Delbert Hadfield, Julia Helen Han- 
sen, Harold Durfey Johnson, Verona Lewis, Inez Mac- 
kay, Ronald Clyde Collard, Betty Buttle, Norman 
Keith Carroll, Orton Maxwell Eyre, Carma Young 
Heilesen, Mable Amelia Korn, Irene Lee, Rene Lyman, 
Keith Hansen Meservy. 

Marvin Jewell Miller, Charles Merlin Plumb, Sharon 
Mignon Robbins, Eugene Lee Robinson, Thelma Snarr, 
Thomas Squire Baxter, Bessie F. Cherrington, Roscoe 
Patten Eardley, George Hugh Gale, Marvin R. Green, 
Ina Hatch, Ruth Huffaker, Ilia Claire Hunt, Donald 
Bay Hutchings, Carl Walser Jackson, William Grant 
Sears, Dean Taggart Berlin, Allen Claire Rozsa, 
James Bonner, Laura Pearl Bronson, Anabel Button, 
Clarence Ransom Clark, Diana Mary Hollingworth, 
Macoy A. McMurray, Bea Mendenhall, Doreen Niel- 



sen, Clyde E. Palmer, Fern Thacker, Frank Allen 
Woodbury. 

Emily Beth Worlton, Marjorie LaRae Worthington, 
Kenneth L. Barrick, Wayne A. Melander, Junius 
Crawford Ruesch, Ingebord Johnson, Helge C. John- 
son, Ruth G. Johnson, Betty Jo Buchannan, Gene 
Milton Frodsham, Dei ma in Charles Kunz, Delbert 
William Linsay, Ralph T. Marchant, Vfllttam Jay/ 
Norton, Lillian Farnsworth, Ray Vincent Milligan 
Lora Norman, Grant Peck Packer, Dale Pearson, 
Mahonri M. White, Mary Dott White, Melissa Allen, 
Edmond Mangefield Andrus, Doris Arnett, Samuel K. 
Christensen, Lois Virginia Clarke, George Finlinson, 
Twila Dawn Heugly, George A. Hunter. 

Ivan P. Olsen, Jacqueline Geneve Rohde, Lorin Bean 
Taylor, Ted Kay Van Buren, Vern Young, Harvey 
Bischof Black, Robert G. Rigby, Owen Blair Williams, 
Wayne Edward Lambourne, Erwin Albert Standing, 
Franklin Wood, Paul Reed Anderson, August Walde- 
mar Neilsen, Seymour Jay Nielsen, Max Ervin London, 
Ray Engebretsen, Zina Rice Engebretse'n, Robert 
Wondel Jensen, Clara M. Larsen, John Martin Smith 
Larson, Floyd Edgar Lerdahl, Andrew Archie Swensen, 
Ida Murri Swensen, Thomas Grant Farnsworth, William 
Lynn Allen, Lynn E. Cahoon, Amy E. J. Lundevall, 
Birger E. Lundevall, Ray Edward Neilson, Hjalmar T. 
Oscarson, Carl A.' Sbderberg, Ella S. Soderberg, Alma 
Gene Soderquist, Sten Hugo Swenson, Gordon Weed, 
Glenn Clayton (toilette, Wallace Louis Schaerr, Wil- 
liam J.-Nord. 



Dimond Ward Genealogical Library 

T~\imond Ward of the Oakland Stake 
has recently purchased forty-two 
family genealogical histories to be 
added to the ward genealogical library. 
The collection of books, now number- 
ing two hundred fifty volumes, will be 
turned over to the Oakland Stake to 
form a nucleus for the Oakland Stake 
genealogical library when the recently 
projected stake tabernacle is completed. 

Phoenix Fourth Ward Chapel Erected 

t*7HEN the $45,000 Phoenix Fourth 

I Ward chapel and recreation hall 

was dedicated recently, it fulfilled the 

jream of two stake missionaries, Otis 

Rogers, Jr., and Josiah Martin, who, 

September 1938, had cast in their 
sickle in the southwest portion of Ari- 
zona's capital city, and found that part 
of the Lord's vineyard ripe and ready 
for harvest. 

In the fall of 1938 the section was 
blocked off as the eighth missionary 
district and a corps of missionaries as- 
signed. However, other Church activi- 
ties claimed the missionaries until only 
the two men remained. 

In January 1939 a Sunday School 
was organized and met in a rented 
building. Many wondered how the 
rent was to be met, but David P. Kim- 
ball of the Phoenix First Ward offered 
to pay it. 

A month or so later the Phoenix 

SEPTEMBER 1946 



Stake presidency made a survey of 
members and investigators living in the 
district, and as a result the Phoenix 
Fourth Ward was organized in March 
1939. Elder Rogers was selected as 
bishop, and he selected Josiah Martin, 
his mission companion, as first coun- 
selor, and Homer Phelps as second 
counselor. Elder Phelps has since been 
released. 

After meeting for three years in the 
rented building which first served as a 
Sunday School, the ward was forced t6 
find new quarters. It was summer, and 
they met outside for the season. As fall 
approached, they moved into an old 
sectarian chapel, but the members 
wanted to build a chapel of their own. 
A plot at the corner of Mohave and 
Eighteenth streets was obtained and 
dedicated in March 1942. 

To begin the chapel an old two-story 
brick building was purchased for $350 
and carefully torn down and the ma- 
terials salvaged for the chapel building. 
Their contractor, George Hoggan, 
passed away, and the bishopric took 
charge of the building project. The 
membership of the entire Phoenix Stake 
freely donated money and labor. All 
holidays were designated as "Fourth 
Ward work days" and on these occa- 
sions, as well as many others, the Relief 
Society served lunch to the workmen on 
the building. 

Today the chapel and recreation hall 



are completed and, dedicated, but many 
of the ward's .membership remember 
when the area was, organized as a mis- 
sionary district — a scant eight years!! 

New Wards 

T a Brea Ward, Los Angeles Stake, has 
been created from portions of thie Wil- 
shire, Beverly Hills, and Hollywood wards, 
with George Lynn Hoggan as bishop. 

Duncan Ward, Park Stake, has been: 
formed from part of the Salt Lake City First 1 
Ward, with Lamont F: Toronto as bishop;' 

Idaho Falls Eighth Ward;- South Idaho 
Falls Stake, has been created from parts of 
the Idaho Falls Third Ward, with George 

A. Collins as bishop. 

i | 

Henderson Ward, Moapa (Nevada); 
Stake, has been : formed from the Basic j 
Branch, with Edwin Dee Hickman as 
bishop. 

Excommunications 

Carah Violet Carlson Anderson, born 
*'*' August 17, 1885. Excommunicated May 
13, 1946, in the College Ward, San Diego 
Stake. 

Crilla Alice Bland, born August 1, 1876. 
Excommunicated May 13, 1946, in the Col- 
lege Ward, San Diego Stake. > 

Ellen La Verne Bailey King, born October 
28. 1909. Excommunicated April 2, 1945;; 
in the Walnut Creek Branch, Northern j 
California Mission. 

James Frederick King, born September 1, 
1933. Excommunicated April r2, 1945, in the 
Walnut Creek Branch, Northern California 
Mission. 

575 



Editorials 

ZJL 1946-47 WJ.~J:Vk 



erne 



Let everyone get a knowledge for him- 
self that this work is true — then let every 
person say: I will live my religion — I 
will walk humbly before my God and 
deal honestly with my fellow beings. 

— Brigham Young 

pOR the year that closes the first century of the 
Church in the valleys of the West, and for 
the year that begins the second century of our his- 
tory here where our fathers found their "land of 
promise," it would be difficult to find a more fitting 
theme than this excerpt from the utterances of 
Brigham Young. 

It is fitting because it looks to the present and 
to the future — which is the worthiest way of com- 
memorating the past. 

It is fitting because it affirms the glorious and 
eternal principle of free agency, ("Let everyone 
get a knowledge for himself") in opposition to 
the vicious trends of regimentation, mass coercion, 
and devaluation of the individual. Here again is 
a clear and thrilling restatement of the God-given 
principle of individual responsibility. There is no 
condoning of "the blind leading the blind," but 
rather a reutterance of the strength and conviction 
that come with individual testimony. 

The 1946-47 M. I. A. theme is, in short, a call 
to this generation to know the truth and to live 
the truth that makes men free — and we shall be 
free on no other terms. And for this year of war's 
aftermath, for this day of confusion, for these times 
of uncertainty, we earnestly commend, for reading, 
for pondering, and for living, the theme cited 
above, which brings back the voice of our nine- 
teenth century prophet-leader and pioneer empire 
builder to call us to face the second century as did 
they who faced the hazards and the hardships of 
the first century — knowing the gospel of Jesus 
Christ — and living it! R. L. E. 



"Jt Watte* 3 



>> 



I 



omver 



N a world of rapid change and cataclysmic hap- 
penings, none can expect to journey through life 
without some upheavals and some disarrangements 
of even the best-laid plans. Even life itself is an 
uncertainty in these swiftly moving days. One 
person alone cannot control the onward rush of 
events — and probably would not wish to, even if 
he could, for he knows that what can be used for 
destruction can also, with some adaptations, be 
turned into constructive development for man and 
the world in which he moves. The atomic bomb, 
which struck horror to people's minds and hearts 
a little over a year ago, is even now proving a 
blessing in its application by doctors to some who 



are seriously ill. And scientists proclaim that its 
possibilities for peaceful uses are legion. 

The airplane, which created such havoc during 
the war years, has also served to bring medicine to 
disease-ravaged towns in inaccessible areas and 
to carry food to starving people stricken by sudden 
disaster. Man, who has fought as savagely and as 
ruthlessly as an animal for his life, has been able to 
attain a new high in his concern and consideration 
for others who may suffer from illness and catas- 
trophe. 

Disturbances of living would seem to be the order 
of many ages, but they seem to be the distinguish- 
ing mark of this particular era. What, then, can 
man do? Is there nothing but to succumb to these 
tragedies? His attempts to stem this tide appear 
feeble in the avalanche of events. Yet he can do 
something: He can train himself to meet the 
changing world, firm in his belief that the Father 
of man will never let his people perish. He can 
come to a realization that he is the child of the 
Father, and with self-reliance, he can meet each 
day's tribulations, each year's difficulties, con- 
fident in the eternal justice and Tightness of things. 

The following statement, written by a young girl 
to her sweetheart is electrifying in its profound in- 
sight: "It doesn't matter what happens to us, and 
it doesn't matter for long, but it does matter how we 
react to what happens to us, and it matters for- 
ever."* If Latter-day Saints have lived as they 
should, they know that this statement is true. If, 
however, they have contributed by their wrong- 
doing to the events that have happened, they, of 
course, must recognize that the results do matter 
— and likewise, "they matter forever." So long, 
therefore, as they have done their best and have 
lived to the truth, they need fear no disaster that 
may come their way. 

For Latter-day Saints the statement is particular- 
ly worthy of deep consideration. With the Church 
belief in eternity, members can develop within 
themselves a resistance to occurrences that might 
otherwise tend to discourage if not destroy them 
entirely. They can come to know of a surety that 
so long as they are living as they should, "It does 
not matter what happens to us, and it doesn't mat- 
ter for long." But equally well they will know that 
they must train themselves in their reactions to the 
events since they are building not only for time, but 
also for eternity. 

When they realize this, no physical disaster can 
be too great to bear, no financial loss too galling in 
its bitterness. The only fear that they will ever 
entertain is that they will lack the power to retain 
their ability to endure whatever may come so that 
they will be denied the comforting spirit of their 
Father in heaven. They will, if they believe fully 
in the gospel, learn to accept without too much 
questioning whatever happens, studying more fully 
the gospel which will in turn teach them to live 
more abundantly in spite of their loss. — M. C, J. 



"Kenneth Irving Brown. Margie. 
1946. p. 105. 



The Association Press, Naw York, 



576 



THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



Evidences and 
reconciliations 



cum 



IL l/l/as /Joseph S^>mith ^Afc 



ones 



t 



in £5l 



in i/->vi5ineS5 i 



? 



'"The persecutions of Joseph Smith began when he 
first announced that he had had heavenly mani- 
festations. They grew in intensity with the coming 
forth of the Book of Mormon, rose to fury when 
the Church was organized, and increased in vol- 
ume until his martyrdom. Every conceivable charge 
was hurled against him: He was a money digger, 
impostor, embezzler, and adulterer; he practiced 
every sin in the calendar; he was the worst char- 
acter of his generation — so the persecutors said. 
By every available means, actuated by hate, men 
sought to destroy him and his work. 

It is doubtful if in the history of modern civiliza- 
tion any other person, or any other people, has 
had to endure such continuous and vicious persecu- 
tion for matters of belief. It is a black chapter in 
the story of human intolerance. 

In the words of Brigham Young, the Prophet 

. . . was hunted, harassed, tormented, afflicted, and per- 
plexed; taken before this magistrate and that magistrate. 1 

He had to defend lawsuit upon lawsuit. He passed through 
forty-seven lawsuits, and in the most of them, I was with 
him. He was obliged to employ lawyers, and devise ways 
and means to shield himself from oppression. Lawyers would 
come to Joseph, professing to have been his friends, and 
palaver around him to get a fee. I could see through them 
and read their evil intentions. He had to struggle through 
poverty and distress, being driven from pillar to post. I 
wondered many times that he could endure what he did." 

A favorite charge against the Prophet by ene- 
mies of the latter-day work has been that he was 
not honest in business. Naturally, he and the 
Church were in business. The Kirtland Temple 
and other public buildings were projected and built 
very early in the history of the Church. Lands 
were bought to help needy Saints, and economic 
ventures were fostered by the Church. Besides, 
Church members, as other members of the com- 
munity, engaged in business. 

In the normal course of business, money was 
occasionally borrowed by Church members or by 
the Church itself to meet immediate needs, or ma- 
terials were bought on credit, or lands secured un- 
der mortage arrangements. Such dealings were of 
the usual, acceptable kind, wherever men do busi- 
ness with one another. 

Joseph Smith, as the President of the Church, 
became of course involved in all Church ventures, 
for which his signature was required. He also made 

^Journal of Discourses 11:322 
2 See ibid.. 8:16 



purchases on his own account. It is folly to sup- 
pose that he could hold his high position among a 
people who moved from New York to Ohio, then 
to Missouri, then to Illinois, without doing business 
for the Church and for himself. 

It would be equally folly to believe that men 
could do business one with another without dif- 
ferences of opinion arising now and then, some of 
which would have to be settled by courts of law. 
Especially would this be true where enemies sought 
out every opportunity to embarrass the Prophet 
and his people. The records show that on the 
slightest pretext, these enemies brought trivial 
transactions into court, which normally could be 
settled among the principals. Often the lawsuits 
were brought by people under the instigation of 
avowed enemies of the Latter-day cause. It is said 
that it was the custom for informers to receive a 
part of fines imposed." That made such practices 
profitable. 

So low did some of the persecutors fall as to tell 
that when Joseph Smith repaid a loan of $3,000.00 
to Samuel Brown, it was merely to make friends 
with him, so that he could borrow again with the 
intent to defraud him. No comment is needed on 
such foul charges.* 

One hundred years of diligent search by anti- 
"Mormon" writers have brought to light so few 
business clashes among Joseph Smith and the 
people of his day, as to be embarrassing to those 
who charge the Prophet with financial irregular- 
ity. No reliable evidence of dishonesty has yet 
been uncovered. There is no evidence that he at 
any time attempted to escape his financial obliga- 
tions. Instead, the evidence is that he sought to 
meet every honest obligation. For example, after 
leaving Kirtland where his life was in jeopardy, 
he made a list of his creditors and the amount he 
owed each. That was the method of an honest 
man. There was no subterfuge. 5 Sooner or later, 
his honest debts were paid. 

Disappointed "Mormon"-haters have usually 
taken the so-called "Kirtland bank failure" as evi- 
dence of the Prophet's financial dishonesty. For- 
tunately for Joseph Smith's reputation, this well- 
known "evidence" has not been sustained by the 
facts found. Instead, those who have trotted out 
the Kirtland Bank affair to blacken the Prophet's 
character, have placed themselves in dishonest and 
ludicrous positions. 

Kirtland, Ohio, had been the home of the Church 
in the early 1830's. There the first temple of the 
Church was built in the days of the deep poverty 
of the people. Many members of the Church lived 
there. After persecution hindered the Church in 
its Missouri projects, it was decided to give new 
emphasis to the Kirtland section of the Church. 
Kirtland was a promising section. Its lands were 
fertile; it lay beside Lake Erie; settlements were 

(Continued on page 604) 

"•J. H. Kennedy, Early Days of Mormonism, pp. 160-162 

Vhid.. pp. 158-159 

°F. M. Brodie. No Man Knows My History, p. 201. 



SEPTEMBER 1946 



577 




. . .made with CINCH CORN 
BREAD MIX. Each package con- 
tains ALL necessary ingredients. 
Just add water, mix and bake. 
Try this! Split muffins, fill with a 
dab of butter 
and jelly and 
replace in oven 
for a minute 
or two. 

Try Cinch 
Waffles and 

Cinch Hot 
Cakes, Too! 



A CINCH FOR FLAVOR 




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The Baking Powder 

with the , 
BALANCED Double Action 

Clabber Girl is today's baking pow- 
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in the mixing bowl, plus that final rise 
to light and fluffy flavor in the oven. 



^^t^o°i°#'-S\ Good Housekeeping J 

S'J^'V" tavr .Turn Xtl^i^ 



CLABBER GIRL 

Vcdunq VowdeA 

HUIMAN AND COMPANr • TERRE HAUTE, IND. 



578 




omxm 



w 



LET'S HAVE MORE MUSIC IN OUR HOMES 



By Alice M. Read 

**T et's have more music in our 
homes," seems to be the desire of 
many boys and girls. They don't mean 
by way of the radio or phonographs 
either. They want "home produced" 
music. 

Most parents would be pleased and 
inspired if they knew how much their 
sons and daughters enjoyed an hour 
or an entire evening that the group had 
spent around the piano, or maybe the 
family organ, singing together. 

Sometimes this happy scene lives 
only in memory, because part of the 
family is scattered. It is a memory that 
Bob or Mary enjoys remembering and 
talking about. 

"We had the best time last night. We 
were all at home. Mother played the 
piano, and we sang. You know we sang 
for over two hours. We sang every- 
body's favorite songs," Emma Jean 
confided to me, as we walked to school. 

"That must have been fun," I an- 
swered. 

Tommy, another of my students, was 
walking with us. Quickly he spoke up, 
"When Uncle Dave and Aunt Myrtle 



come over to spend the evening, we 
always sing. Uncle Dave generally 
brings his violin. He can always play 
all the pieces that Mom plays on the 
piano. They always played together, 
when they were kids at home." 

"You are taking violin lessons, too, 
aren't you, Tommy?" I asked, 

"Yes. Dad says if I just learn to play 
as well as Uncle Dave and make as 
much use of it, he will be satisfied," 
continued Tommy. "My little sister is 
going to take piano lessons, when she 
gets a little older. Then we can play 
together, just like Mom and Uncle 
Dave do." 

Children like a great variety of songs. 
They like to sing folk songs. They en- 
joy singing the same song over and over 
again. 

"When I was home, we often gath- 
ered around our piano and sang for 
about half an hour, before we went to 
bed," a friend of mine once told me. 

"My folks won't let us go down 
town to hang around at night," Jimmy 
confided to me, one afternoon, when he 
came in to get a library book. "We 
don't care though. 'Cause we generally 
have something to do at home. I like 




—•Photograph, Harold M. Lambert 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



it best when Dad plays his banjo and 
we sit around the fireplace and sing." 

"I wish our family sang together 
more often," Caroline said, when we 
were talking about music. "It was fun, 
when we did it." 

Group singing is enjoyed by both 
young and old. We should encourage 
everyone in the family to "join in" the 
singing, regardless of how little they 
know about music. The young people in 



the family will be quick to learn and 
appreciate old favorites. 

A family achieves a closeness in fam- 
ily group singing that they seldom have 
at any other time. Those hours will 
soon be looked forward to. They 
will provide wonderful memories to be 
looked back upon. 

"Let's have more 
homes." 



music in our 




Josephine B. Nichols 

Cchooldays are here again: Make 
the schoolchild happy and healthy 
with a good, packed lunch. 

It takes time and planning to prepare 
nutritious box lunches that pack readily 
and are still appetizing several hours 
later. 

Good packing equipment is almost as 
necessary as good food, because sand- 
wiches must stay fresh and not become 
either dry or soggy. Cake and cookies 
must not crumble or dry out and milk 
must stay cold. 

A regular lunch box or pail is best, 
but many children dislike carrying lunch 
boxes back home and prefer a paper 
sack or carton that can be discarded 
after use. When a paper bag is used, it 
is not desirable to carry a thermos bot- 
tle. Children can usually purchase milk 
or soup at school. 

Wax paper is practically a must for 
wrapping food for the lunch box. Small 
waxed cartons with lids are excellent 
for salads and desserts. 

Lunches packed the night before 
often lose appetite-appeal by morning, 
but you can prepare ahead by getting 
supplies ready, setting butter out to 
soften, making sandwich fillings (store 
in covered jars in refrigerator ) , etc. 

A lunch box might include two to 
four substantial sandwiches, using a 
variety of breads and fillings, a crisp 
salad, pickles, raw carrots, celery, or a 
whole tomatoe; something sweet like 
cookies, cake, fruit, and a beverage, 
and just for fun and to relieve mono- 
tony for both you and your luncher, 
tuck in a surprise, stuffed prunes, salted 
nuts. 

A Schoolboy's Lunch 

Egg salad sandwich on enriched 
white bread. (Filling should be as 
thick as one slice of bread. ) 

Two peanut butter and jelly sand- 
wiches on whole wheat bread. 

1 whole tomato 

SEPTEMBER 1946 



Applesauce cupcake 
Thermos of milk 

Egg Salad Filling 

3 hard cooked eggs, chopped 
J4 cup chopped green pepper 

1 teaspoon chopped green onion 
l /2 medium sized cucumber, chopped 
3^4 cup salad dressing 

Combine ingredients, place in cov- 
ered container in refrigerator, until 
ready for use. 

Applesauce Cupcakes 

Y 2 cup shortening 
1 cup sugar 

1 egg 

1 cup raisins 

1 cup nuts 

1 teaspoon soda 

2 teaspoons baking powder 
1 teaspoon cinnamon 

Y 2 teaspoon salt 

1 cup applesauce (unsweetened) 

2 cups sifted flour 

May use 134 cups honey in place of 
sugar and 1 cup whole wheat flour for 
1 cup white flour. Cream shortening; 
add sugar; beat. Add beaten egg, 
raisins, and nuts. Sift flour; add dry 
ingredients; combine with first mixture. 
Add applesauce last. Bake in paper 
bake cups in muffin pans at 350° F. for 
thirty minutes. 

Whole Wheat Nut Bread 

1 cup sugar 
2/3 cup honey 

2 eggs 

1 cup sour milk 

1 teaspoon soda 

1 teaspoon salt 

34 cup melted fat 

I}/? c up flour 

13^ cup whole wheat flour 

\]/2 cup nut meats 

1 cup raisins 

Beat eggs and sugar until thick. Add 
shortening and honey; mix well, then 
add sour milk. Add white flour, sifted 
with salt and soda, then whole wheat 
flour. Fold in raisins and nut meats. 
Bake in waxed-paper-lined loaf pan at 
350" F. for fifty to sixty minutes. 
Makes two small loaves. Excellent for 
lunch-box, 

i'J i > "■■'■■ . ■■• .' {Concluded on page 580) 



5^» 





urkees 

VEGETABLE 

OLEOMARGARINE 



(MA RGAR1 



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'.*) 



€>/ 



J5§» 



ight' 



.breads, rolls 
be used 



#<Must ng"\ 
Ind biscuits. 

# So economical it can 

liberally- Nourishing 



parents. 



too. 






579 










The „ 
ffl Ust <* piano h V ears of 

1 *■**» - \T kG th ^- 

MUXES' * 
MLJS >C en § 



i 



Cook's Corner 



sow 



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{Concluded from page 579) 
Sandwich Suggestions 

Meat and Fish 

Tuna fish with salad dressing. May 
also use shredded lettuce, celery, or 
cabbage. 

Chopped meat, hard cooked eggs, 
green pepper or parsley and salad 
dressing. 

Chicken with parsley and salad 
dressing. 

Tuna fish, olives, and nuts. 

Ground ham and sweet pickles and 
salad dressing. 

Any left-over meat chopped and 
mixed with salad dressing. 

Eggs 

Hard cooked eggs, minced and mois- 
tened with salad dressing. May also 
use chopped olives, chopped ham, 
chopped nuts, crisp bacon, water cress, 
or lettuce leaf. 

Cheese 

Grate the cheese, moisten with cream, 
ketchup, chopped pickles, tomato juice, 
or salad dressing. 

Grated cheese with nuts and salad 
dressing. 

Nuts and Fruit 

Chopped nuts and salad dressing. 

Chopped nuts with dates, raisins, figs, 
or other dried fruit. 

Chopped ripe olives and nuts mois- 
tened with salad dressing. 

Peanut butter and raisins mixed. 

Fruit jelly or marmalade. 

Maple Sea Foam Frosting 

1 cup dark corn syrup 

1 egg white 

2 drops Mapleine flavoring 

Heat syrup to boiling; boil one minute. 
Pour syrup slowly over beaten egg white, 
beating constantly. Add flavoring and beat 
until frosting is cool and stiff enough to hold 
its shape. 



YOU 

By Elaine V. Emans 

LITTLE by little I find and piece together 
The variant parts that made the whole 

of you: 
There was the dog you loved, the sturdy 

weather 
Of cold white winter, summer on a blue 
Lake, and the good companionship of trees; 
There were the birds, and Handel, and each 

hymn 
Your mother sang at twilight, some of 

these 
Books you've around you now, back in the 

dim 
Libraries of the past; and there was duty. 
There was a city, too, and much of beauty 
I have not yet discovered, and may never 
(But shall, I think) and dreams I cannot 

name. 
And surely, like some gently blowing flame, 
There was the fear of God in you forever. 



580 



An Escape from Death 

( Concluded from page 568 ) 

seemed to make me feel better; I 
crawled to the trench and rolled in. 
After I was there a moment, I was able 
to walk. I walked about a quarter of a 
mile to a cement building. When I got 
there, I lay down and couldn't get up 
any more. 

I knew I wasn't going to die. I had 
prayed that morning that I'd not be 
killed. I felt pretty tough for a few 
days. I was operated on two months 
later, and the bullet was taken out of 
the lining of my heart. There were 
some very good doctors over there. The 
nurses and doctors were wonderful, 
working long hours and doing much 
work. 

I thank the Lord for preserving my 
life. That sermon has proved true that 
no matter what happens to you it's for 
your own good if you have faith and 
trust in him. I feel that my experiences 
have benefited me very much. I'm 
thankful for the teachings I've had that 
influenced my actions. I'm thankful to 
be an American where we have free- 
dom and unlimited opportunity. 

The doctors say I'm as healthy as 1 
ever was, having no trouble with my 
heart or anything that time won't heal. 
I thank my Heavenly Father. 



rlanifamts 

Payment for Handy Hints used will be 
one dollar upon publication. In the event 
that two with the same idea are submitted, 
the one postmarked earlier will receive the 
dollar. None of the ideas can be returned, 
but each will receive careful consideration. 



Try using milk in place of water 
when making punch from punch pow- 
der. It is a delightful new drink. Use 
same amount of sugar. — N. 7 '., Hood 
River, Oregon. 

To remove mildew, make a very 
weak solution of chloride of lime in 
water, using about a heaping teaspoon 
to a quart, strain it carefully and dip the 
spot or the garment in it, and if the 
mildew does not disappear immediately, 
lay it in the sun for a few minutes, or 
dip it into the lime water again. — Mrs. 
E. F., Buffalo, New York. * 

Not many housewives relish the 
thought of using dull paring and butcher 
knives for preparing food. How simple 
to sharpen them on a piece of crockery! 
Saves money and takes very little time. 
— N. T., Maryville, Missouri. 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



Traveling 

with 
children? 




Ttext time, tntf t&e tnafa 



The train offers a great many ad- 
vantages to parents traveling with 
children: 

i Safety. Statistics prove that you 
and your children are safer on the 
train than in your own home. That's 
pretty hard to beat. 

2 Low cost. Children under 5 ride 
FREE when accompanied by an 
adult, children from 5 to and includ- 
ing 1 1, half fare. 

3 Pullman berths cost the same 
whether used by one or two people. 
Thus a mother with a child can "dou- 
ble up" with the child in a berth for 
no additional Pullman fare. 

4 Children get seats in chair cars 
and coaches just like adults, even 
though they ride free or for half fare. 



5 Southern Pacific dining cars offer 
a wide variety of food for children as 
well as adults. A special children's 
menu offers meals at less than adult 
cost. Ingredients and facilities are 
provided for the preparation of for- 
mulas and special diets. 

O On the train, children have plenty 
of room to move around. They aren't 
"cooped up" as in so many other 
forms of transportation. And they 
will get a friendly reception from our 
trainmen, most of whom have chil 
dren of their own. 

7 Traveling on the train is highly 
educational for children. They see 
their country intimately, at ground 
level. 

8 Children love to ride on a train. 
Remember when you were a child — 
what fun it was to take a train trip? 



'Ttcxt time, Pup t&e tnaia 



S*P 



The friendly Southern Pacific 



SEPTEMBER 1946 



581 



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IMPROVEMENT ERA 



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Jkere id ^rnother J^>lde to 

TOLERANCE 



Du vSernice iSurton ^Moln 



nxei 



582 



Most of us are agreed that more 
tolerance, much more, is neces- 
sary to make and maintain last- 
ing peace. Tolerance should start at 
home, for the near neighbor as well as 
the far one. We are willing to be more 
tolerant of others' words, ideas, and 
actions, to count to one hundred in- 
stead of ten, to turn the other cheek, to 
walk the second mile, to love our neigh- 
bor, to do unto others. 

We are willing to give all of this 
tolerance, to exercise all of this toler- 
ance on behalf of our fellow men. But 
how often do we unthinkingly or self- 
ishly ask someone else to turn the other 
cheek, insisting on another going the 
second mile with us? 

There is a side of tolerance that in- 
cludes making ourselves more tolerable 
ro others. 

None are immune to the making of 
mistakes. A little more foresight, more 
careful planning, a great deal more 
willingness to accept responsibility for 
things which are, or should be, within 
our control is a crying need today. 

We are inclined, everyone of us, to 
let the unpleasant, the difficult, the 
bothersome task lie, either hoping 
someone else will assume the respon- 
sibility, or take care of the matter, or 
that everyone will overlook and forget 
the unfinished, neglected, or untouched 
task. This is the most common way to 
make an overdraft on the tolerance due 
us. 

Have we, have I, have you been 
guilty of: 

Neglecting to teach effectively our chil- 
dren to respect the property rights of others 
or have we allowed our children to assume 
that the entire street and adjacent property 
is a sort of public park? (All excepting our 
lawn and our shrubbery.) 

Religiously attending our Sunday meet- 
ings while our children create disturbances 
throughout the neighborhood or congregate 
destructively on porches and lawns of 
momentarily vacant homes? 

Suddenly taking boyish scraps and fights 
as all in a lifetime, as soon as Junior and 
Johnny are big enough to lick all the "kids" 
in our neighborhood? 

Letting early teen-agers and younger fry 
out to play, possibly annoy, and loaf, if you 
please, up and down the street till ten or 
eleven o'clock at night, even neglecting to 
check to see if that was his voice yelling 
imprecations in the direction of some 
neighbor's house? 

Considering stealing apples, etc., as just 
one more prank to outgrow, or did we point 



out that stealing by any other name is still 
stealing at whatever age or for whatever 
purpose? 

Imposing on the capacity for tolerance of 
our neighbors when leaving early teen-agers 
to their own devices for six or eight hours, 
six days a week, or for regular intervals 
once or twice a week? ( Being old enough to 
mind one's business is no indication that one 
will so conduct his affairs.) 

Thinking that because a child is able to 
walk, talk, feed, and care for nature's needs 
that he can be safely or wisely left alone? 
(Such care or lack of it seems to have left 
or kept many a child morally and spiritu- 
ally barren. The spirit needs food, cleansing, 
and warmth, too.) 

Trusting him where and with whom (the 
unknown friend) we would not trust our- 
selves? 

Leaving him to decide alone, or with only 
the vaguest and hastiest generalities, per- 
plexities of social conduct that still puzzle 
us at times? (Letting him have time and 
our interested ear to talk to may do as 
much or more to solve these problems as 
talking to him.) 

Dealing with our children in such a man- 
ner as to indicate that admission of, or con- 
fession of, one's failings, shortcomings, and 
sins are all that is morally, and socially 
binding upon the individual? 

Maintaining that our child may be at 
fault or in error in his dealings with others 
and yet be the soul of injured innocence 
when a neighbor confronts us with the fact 
or the evidence that he not only may be but 
actually is at fault or in error? 

Failing to imprint indelibly in his way of 
life the principle, right, that most important 
right — the right to be let alone? 

Failing to impress him with that most 
priceless principle and precious fact that 
home, your home, my home, the home of 
the man next door, and the home of the man 
down the street, is sacred "where none shall 
come to hurt or make afraid, eavesdrop, 
annoy or molest in any way by deed or 
word"? 

Oh, how diligently, how firmly, how 
unceasingly, we must strive to live so 
that others can and will find it in their 
hearts to tolerate us. In short a neigh- 
bor is to be admired and appreciated as 
much for his lack of vices as for his 
possession of many virtues. 



SONG FOR A DAY 

By Catherine E. Berry 

F cook and sweep and polish pans 
■*■ And sew a seam or two; 
I shop for apples, flour, and spice, 
To make a pie for you. 

The days seem scarcely long enough 

For all I have to do; 
But never have I minded, dear, 

The things I do for you. 

When twilight comes and silver stars 
Come twinkling through the blue, 

The crowning moment of my day 
Is watching, dear, for you. 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 




and Of tPlATE Your Engine ! 



I 



NO one knows just why Saturn is 
the only planet to have rings 
around it. We do know, however, that 
mighty forces of gravitational attrac- 
tion hold them there. Through exten- 
sive research into the forces of at- 
traction between molecules of liquids 
and solids, Conoco scientists are able 
to bring America's motorists the ben- 
efits of new and better oils. 

Using the force of molecular at- 
traction (basic force that holds things 
together), a special ingredient in 
Gonoco N th motor oil is attracted to 
working surfaces of your engine. In 
fact, so strong is this attraction that 
cylinder walls are oil-plated. 



And because molecular attraction 
holds Conoco oil-plating up where 
it belongs . . . prevents it from all 
draining down to the crankcase, even 
overnight . . . you get these benefits: 

added protection during the vital 
periods when you first start your 
engine 

added protection from corrosive ac- 
tion when your engine is not in use 

added protection from wear that 
leads to fouling sludge and carbon 

added smooth, silent miles 

That's why you'd be safer to oil- 
plate your engine now ... at Your 
Conoco Mileage Merchant's. Look 
for the red triangle. Continental Oil 
Company 



Ssrrsp o/lplatb mtv/ 




SEPTEMBER 1946 



583 



<-A 



CCOMPLISHMENT 

should always be the result 
when energy is expended. 
Yet, like a dizzily spinning 
top, many businesses go 
'round in the preparation of 
advertising and get nowhere. 
Month after month, the same 
thing happens again and 
again and nothing is accom- 
plished but the expenditure of 
dollars that could be made to 
produce results. The function 
of a printing organization to- 
day is to help clients to plan 
printing that builds sales — 
to take copy and dramatize it, 
make it so irresistibly attrac- 
tive that it must naturally 
draw the reader's attention. 
The waste of which we speak 
is often due to lack of under- 
standing. Realization of this 
has made us sales minded. 
Your selling problem is our 
problem, and our experience 
puts us in a position to print 
your sales story so that it will 
get results. 



THE DESERET NEWS 
PRESS 

Creators of Distinctive 
Prin ting-Binding 

Phone 4-5521 

29 Richards Street 

Salt Lake City, Utah 



ESTABLISHED 

Two Guests — One Charge 



LOCATION: Seventh and Brood- 
way, the center of shops 
end shows. 

COMFORT: For you in iurnish- 
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POLICY: One or two guests in 
room. Same price. No 
double rate. 

MODERATE RATES 
Headquarters for L.D.S. people 
in Los Angeles 

FRANK R. WISHON, Operator 
RAY H. BECKETT, Manager 



HOTEL 

LANKERSHIM 

LOS ANGELES 



"Beauty Food is 
Duty Food" 



By Dora Loues Miller 



tf 



584 



Cven the nation's animal life is be- 
ing called upon to support the 
present thirty-nine-point food con- 
servation program recommended by 
President Truman," says Ann Dela- 
field, nationally known health and beau- 
ty authority. "But," she added, "this 
conservation will pay dividends in 
added health and vitality for the far- 
mer and his family and at the same time 
help to 'save a life.' ' 

It is a commonly known fact that 
Americans are the best fed people in 
the world and so are their animals. 

Miss Delafield pointed out that the 
first step in supporting the conservation 
program begins with changing your 
food habits. "Eating is a habit," she 
said, "that is too important to break, 
but it certainly can be altered to pro- 
vide a sufficient and nutritious diet 
without stuffing one's self or overload- 
ing the table so that there are leftovers. 

"The new food saving program," the 
noted beauty authority continued, "is 
a program for health and beauty as well 
as patriotism. Broiled foods instead of 
fried foods will not only save fats, but 
is better for your blood, your figure, and 
your general health," she said. 

The basis of a sound diet is plenty of 
fresh fruit, vegetables, lean meats, or 
fish or eggs. "There is no prescribed 
diet that will fit everyone's needs," 
Miss Delafield said. "Rather, it is a 
prescribed program for eating which 
emphasizes nutritious and vitamin- 
packed foods instead of starches and 
sweets and fats 

"Here is your chance to see for your- 
self that food habits can be changed 
and to your benefit, while you are re- 
sponding to the President's request," 
Miss Delafield said. "'Beauty food is 
duty food' is one of my maxims, but if 
you follow the President's suggestions, 
duty food is also beauty food, for you 
not only will help save the lives of 
people who face starvation unless we 
share our food supplies with them, but 
you will also improve your own health 
and appearance." 

If you eat as many of the following 
foods as possible, Miss Delafield, who 
is also a trained dietician, said, your 
body will get all it needs to function 
properly and to your best interest. Or- 
anges, grapefruit, lemons, and all citrus 
fruits; lettuce, tomatoes, raw carrots, 
greens, pepper, watercress, asparagus, 
spinach; dried prunes, apricots, cur- 
rants; lean meat, fish, egg yolk; whole 
or dried milk; whole wheat germ and 
one hundred percent whole grain ce- 
reals; dried beans and peas. 



Our Members in the 
Russian Zone 

(Concluded from page 566) 
lief in the message which they em- 
braced for its spiritual values at one 
time or another. Meetings in Berlin 
(there are eight branches function- 
ing in that area alone ) show the 
effects of war in that there are star- 
tlingly few young men present, but 
all the branches hold at least two or 
three functions a week. Soon the 
offices of the East Mission will be 
moved from the war-damaged head- 
quarters secured when the mission 
home was destroyed at Haendels 
Allee to a sizable villa in what was 
the fashionable area of Berlin-Dah- 
lem. Never in peacetime did the 
Church enjoy such prestige. 

All in all, I found conditions bet- 
ter than I expected to see them, and 
the East Mission in the Russian 
zone in some aspects may find it 
easier to develop its activities than 
the West Mission with headquarters 
in the American Zone in Frankfurt. 
Why should any Christian endeavor 
which aims primarily at providing 
spiritual and physical aids to people 
as well as a message of peace and 
happiness find oposition in a world 
which so badly needs it? 



■ ♦ ■ 



Skull Deformation 

(Concluded from page 552) 
head into a V-shaped board. The re- 
sultant deformed head exhibited an al- 
most continuous line from the tip of 
the nose to the crown of the head. This 
type of head was common among the 
Maya of Central America, the Natchez 
of the Gulf of Mexico, and the Chinook 
of the northwest coast. Among these 
and other tribes the deformation came 
to be regarded as a mark of distinction 
and social correctness. 

Intentional deformation by binding 
the infant's head resulted in a truncated 
or conical head with the resultant de- 
formation of both the front and back 
of the head. This unique method was 
common practice among the Inca of 
Peru. 

The harmful result of various de- 
formations has not been established. 
The tribes who practiced it do not 
show evidence of a larger percentage 
of imbeciles or neuropathic persons. In 
fact, the Maya and the Inca were out- 
standing for their intellectual achieve- 
ments. 

It is true that these deformations 
persisted throughout the life of the in- 
dividual, but there is no evidence of the 
deformation's becoming hereditary. 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 




Increased production of food 
and fiber is necessary to pre- 
vent untold suffering and 
starvation in a war-torn 
world. The job ahead for 
American farmers is a huge 
one. Remember that corn, 
wheat and beans are critical 
crops in this world food crisis 
— make every bushel count 1 . 



forBetter Farming, Better Living 



More farmers want International Harvester Farmalls than 
any other make of all-purpose farm tractor. Farmall is 
the favorite based on experience . . . the leader in economical, all- 
around, dependable farm power. A size for every farm. 

Count on the Farmall System, the leader for 23 years, the 
leader today, the leader in paving the way to still better farm- 
ing and still better living. Talk with your International Harvester 
dealer about a Farmall on your farm. 

INTERNATIONAL HARVESTER COMPANY 

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YOUR LIFE IS MORE IMPORTANT than the minutes you save! Take time to 

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Tune in "Harvest of Stars" Sundays, NBC Network. See newspapers for time and station. 



S 


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INTERNATIONAL 
HARVESTER 


V 







by INTERNATIONAL HARVESTER 



SEPTEMBER 1946 



585 



Mat Wifkt We 

^Mave *JJone f 

"ZION MUST ARISE" 
(D. & C. 82:14.) 

Tn April 1830, the Church was organ- 
ized with a membership of six. Its 
appointed head was Joseph Smith, Jun., 
a young man about twenty-five years of 
age. The Book of Mormon records had 
been recently translated and the book 
published. This handful of Saints com- 
menced their sacred labors of establish- 
ing Zion. 

In the one hundred sixteen years 
since, the membership of the Church 
has increased to 979,454; thousands 
have lived and died in the faith. More 
than fifty-two thousand missionaries 
have been sent into the world. The 
gospel has been proclaimed among the 
nations. Branches of the Church have 
been established in many lands. The 
missionary activity continues at an ever 
increasing tempo. 

One hundred and fifty-eight stakes 
of Zion have been organized compris- 
ing twelve hundred five wards. Places 
of worship by the hundreds fairly dot 
some sections of our land. Temples 
have been erected, and others are 
projected in distant areas. The labor 
of salvation goes forward. Truly a 
marvelous work and a wonder has been 
achieved in a relatively short period. 

What has been accomplished, how- 
ever, has been done with but a fraction 
of our potential strength. It is reason- 
able therefore to suppose that if we in- 
crease the devotion and faith of our 
membership generally, our achieve- 
ments will be proportionately greater. 
All principles of the gospel are prin- 
ciples of promise — promised blessings 
for obedience to eternal law. These 
blessings come to the membership as 
a whole and to members individually 
according to their obedience. 

Behold, mine house is a house of order, 
saith the Lord God, and not a house of 
confusion. Will I accept of an offering, 
saith the Lord, that is not made in my name? 
Or will I receive at your hands that which 
I have not appointed? And will I appoint 
unto you, saith the Lord, except it be by 
law, even as I and my Father ordained 
unto you, before the world was? I am the 
Lord thy God; and I give unto you this com- 
mandment — that no man shall come unto the 
Father but by me or by my word, which is 
my law, saith the Lord. (D. & C. 132:8-12.) 

From the beginning of this dispensa- 
tion, through our partial neglect of 
duty, we as a people have denied our- 
selves many blessings which otherwise 
we could have claimed. It is the Lord's 
good pleasure to secure these blessings 
to us, when through righteousness we 
are prepared to receive them. 

586 



eMefchyeiefc 



Behold, I say unto you were it not for the 
transgression of my people, speaking con- 
cerning the church and not individuals, they 
might have been redeemed even now. But 
behold, they have not learned to be obedient 
to the things which I required at their 
hands, but are full of all manner of evil, 
and do not impart of their substance, as 
becometh saints, to the poor and afflicted 
among them; And are not united according 
to the union required by the law of the 
celestial kingdom; And Zion cannot be built 
up unless it is by the principles of the law 
of the celestial kingdom; otherwise I cannot 
receive her unto myself. And my people 
must needs be chastened until they learn 
obedience, if it must needs be, by the things 
which they suffer. (D. & C. 105:2-6.) 

As great as our power and influence 
in the world are, they are still infinitesi- 
mal compared to what they are destined 
to become through an increased devo- 
tion to the Lord's work and to the wel- 



fare of humanity. As a matter then of 
sound judgment, we should not be con- 
tent with but a mediocre performance 
of duty. 

The Lord requires that all priesthood 
bearers "live by every word." He re- 
quires that all "endure to the end" if all 
would obtain the promised blessings in 
store for the faithful. "Peace on earth, 
good will to men" would then become 
a matter possible of achievement rather 
than a remote something only to be 
hoped for. 

For Zion must increase in beauty, and in 
holiness; her borders must be enlarged; her 
stakes must be strengthened; yea, verily I 
say unto you, Zion must arise and put on 
her beautiful garments. (D. & C. 82:14.) 

For even yet the kingdom is yours, and 
shall be forever, if you fall not from your 
steadfastness. (D. & C. 82:24.) 



Q 



uorum 



^Leaders to C-* 
to S^tore L^c 



ncouraae 
ommoaltled 



ill (embers 



By Fenno B, Casto, of the Church Welfare Office 



And it is my purpose to provide for my 
saints, for all things are mine. But it must 
needs be done in mine own way; ... ( D. & 
C. 104:15-16.) 

T/*nowing that every word of the Lord 
will surely be fulfilled, we have in 
this declaration the greatest guarantee 
of temporal security that can be given 
to man. And it requires of us but two 
things : 

1. That we must be classed as the 
Saints of the Lord 

2. That we are willing to accept our 
provisions in his own way 

The Savior, while on the earth, em- 
phasized the concern of the Father in 
heaven over our temporal welfare by 
listing as the first direct request in the 
perfect prayer a supplication for "our 
daily bread." 

This prayer reads: 

Our Father which art in heaven, Hal- 
lowed be thy name. Thy kingdom come. 
Thy will be done in earth, as it is in heaven. 
Give us this day our daily bread. (Matt. 6: 
9-11.) 

We may well ask, "What is the 
Lord's own way?" It is immediately ap- 
parent that first we should ask the Lord 
in prayer as he suggested: "After this 
manner therefore pray ye." We should 



prepare ourselves to recognize the an- 
swer to our prayer for daily sustenance. 
What good would it do a gold miner 
to dig and dig if he didn't recognize 
the gold when he reached it? 

Depression Years Recalled 

During the trying years of the early 
thirties, thousands of Saints faced with 
real want for bread and other daily 
necessities; faced with the loss of a 
life's savings; faced with the loss of 
homes* petitioned the Lord: "Give us 
this day our daily bread." Many of us 
at that time may have felt that our 
prayers were not answered, and prob- 
ably many of those prayers were not, 
because in years past we had been very 
much like the foolish virgins, and had 
not adhered to the repeated counsel of 
the General Authorities to get out of 
debt, to store the things we need, and 
to save for days of hardship and tribu- 
lation. 

The Lord Answered Our Prayers 

However, the Lord remembered his 
promise as stated by Amos : 

Surely the Lord God will do nothing, but 
he revealeth his secret unto his servants the 
prophets. (Amos 3:7.) 

and did inspire our prophet and leader, 
THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



HPriestdooi 



NO-LIQUOR-TOBACCO 
COLUMN 

Conducted by 
Dr. Joseph F. Merrill 



CONDUCTED BY THE GENERAL PRIESTHOOD COMMITTEE OF THE COUNCIL OF THE 

TWELVE JOSEPH FIELDING SMITH, CHAIRMAN; CHARLES A. CALLIS, HAROLD B. 

LEE, SPENCER W. KIMBALL, EZRA TAFT BENSON, MARION G. ROMNEY, THOMAS E. MC- 
KAY, CLIFFORD E. YOUNG, ALMA SONNE, LEVI EDGAR YOUNG, ANTOINE R. IVINS 



President Grant, to give us the Church 
welfare plan. In this plan, which cer- 
tainly is a response to our prayers for 
our daily sustenance, we have further 
answer to, "What is the Lord's own 
way?" We are taught that in addition 
to asking the Lord in prayer, we are 
expected to do all in our power to pro- 
vide our daily needs, and to save and 
store all that we can for the future. 

We should also remember the ad- 
monition of James: 

What doth it profit, my brethren, though 
a man say he hath faith, and hath not 
works? can faith save him? If a brother or 
sister be naked, and destitute of daily food, 
And one of you say unto them, Depart in 
peace, be ye warmed and filled; notwith- 
standing ye give them not those things 
which are needful to the body; what doth it 
profit? Even so faith, if it hath not works, 
is dead, being alone. (James 2:14-17.) 

In harmony with gospel principles 
each of us should do all we can to 
help provide for those who are less 
fortunate. 

Calamities Foretold 

The Savior, in his first advent to the 
earth, told his disciples in detail of the 
calamities that would be poured out 
upon the earth in the latter days, con- 
cluding with this statement: 

And except those days should be short- 
ened, there should no flesh be saved: but 
for the elect's sake those days shall be 
shortened. (Matt. 24:22.) 

And to the Prophet Joseph Smith he 
again enumerated and added to the 
warnings given in the Bible, specifying 
among other things: 

And there shall be a great hailstorm sent 
forth to destroy the crops of the earth. (D. 
& C. 29:16.) 

Saints Warned to Prepare 

After reviewing the calamities which 
were then facing the world, President 
Clark, in his conference address given 
in April 1937, stated: 

What may we as a people and as individ- 
uals do for ourselves to prepare to meet 
this oncoming disaster, which God in his 
wisdom may not turn aside from us? 

First, and above and beyond everything 
else, let us live righteously, fearing God 
and keeping his commandments, that we 
may in part claim his blessing as of right, 
and not as of mercy only. . . . 

SEPTEMBER 1946 



Let us avoid debt as we would avoid a 
plague; where we are now in debt let us 
get out of debt; if not today, then tomorrow. 

Let us straitly and strictly live within our 
incomes, and save a little. 

Let every head of every household see to 
it that he has on hand enough food and 
clothing, and, where possible, fuel also, for 
at least a year ahead. . . . Let every head 
of every household aim to own his own 
home, free from mortgage. Let every man 
who has a garden spot, garden it; every 
man who owns a farm, farm it. 

Let us again clothe ourselves with these 
proved and sterling virtues — honesty, truth- 
fulness, chastity, sobriety, temperance, in- 
dustry and thrift; let us discard all covet- 
ousness and greed. 

In the message of the First Presi- 
dency to the Church, given at the April 
conference in 1942, they counseled: 

Times approach when we shall need all 
the health, strength, and spiritual power we 
can get to bear the afflictions that will come 
upon us. 

We renew the counsel given to the Saints 
from the days of Brigham Young until now 
— be honest, truthful, industrious, frugal, 
thrifty. In the day of plenty prepare for the 
day of scarcity. . . . 

We renew our counsel and repeat our in- 
structions: Let every Latter-day Saint that 
has land, produce some valuable, essential 
foodstuff thereon and then preserve it; or 
if he cannot produce an essential foodstuff, 
let him produce some other kind and ex- 
change it for an essential foodstuff; let them 
who have no land of their own, and who 
have knowledge of farming and gardening, 
try to rent some, either by themselves or 
with others, and produce foodstuff thereon, 
and preserve it. . . . 

As the Church has always urged since we 
came to the valleys, so now we urge every 
Church householder to have a year's supply 
of essential foodstuffs ahead. This should, 
so far as possible, be produced by each 
householder and preserved by him, and his 
family. This course will not only relieve 
from any impending distress those house- 
holds who so provide themselves, but will 
release just that much food to the general 
national stores of foodstuff from which the 
public at large must be fed. 

Another Seedtime and Harvest 
Are GrvEN 

In his mercy and long suffering, the 
Lord has given us another seedtime and 
harvest, even though our sins and in- 
iquities are great, and the world is ripe 
and ready for the judgments which will 
(Concluded on page 590) 



Bad Law Proposed 

HThe Liquor Control Act, proposed 
for enactment by the voters of Utah 
in the election next November, will not 
be on the ballot because of the failure 
to secure the requisite number of legal 
petitioners, (at least 25,000) . According 
to the newspapers, the promoters say 
they will go to the next legislature and 
try to get their bill enacted into law. 

What does this bill provide? Among 
other things the following: 

1 . A repeal of many of the provisions 
of the current state law, including one 
which requires a permit before any per- 
son can legally buy liquor. 

2. Increases by many fold the places 
at which liquor could be purchased — 
hotels, restaurants, fraternal organiza- 
tions, and social clubs, being among 
them, thus taking retail sales from the 
state and turning them over to private 
licensees. 

3. For the sale of liquor by the drink 
as well as by the package, the only 
legal method of sale under present laws. 

4. Gives the power to license places 
of retail liquor sale to local units — 
cities, towns, and counties. 

The impression became widespread 
in the campaign for referendum signers 
that sale by the drink was to replace 
sale by the package. This impression 
was wholly in error. Retail sales by 
the package would continue, and be 
made, not by the state, but by one or 
more licensed private dealers in every 
county, who in turn would sell pack- 
ages to individuals for personal con- 
sumption and to a multitude of licensees 
— hotels, restaurants, fraternal organ- 
izations, social clubs, saloons, etc., for 
resale by the drink. The state would 
continue as the only legal wholesaler, 
its function being to supply the locally 
■ licensed private retailers. 

All retailing, both by the package 
and by the drink, would be made by pri- 
vate holders of licenses who were in 
the business for making money. The 
current law puts the state in the busi- 
ness solely for the purpose of supply- 
ing the demand, not to promote drink- 
ing — a vast difference therefore be- 
tween the state and the license holder. 

Further, the state sells only to hold- 
ers of permits, given only to respon- 
sible adults — not to minors, etc. Under 
the proposed law, permits to buy liquor 
are not required. 

And so the proposed law would 

greatly increase the number of places at 

(Continued on page 594) 

587 



CONDUCTED UNDER THE SUPERVISION OF THE PRESIDING BISHOPRIC. EDITED BY LEE A. PALMER. 




WINDER WARD, BIG COTTONWOOD STAKE 
boasts an unusual circumstance. They have three 
brothers who are active members of the Aaronic 
Priesthood in the deacons quorum. They are, 
reading from left to right, Maurice Durand Cook, 
age 12; Clifton Arvin Cook, age 13, and Louis 
Severn Cook, ape 14. Louis is president of the 
quorum and Clifton is secretary. They are sons 
of Clifton Louis and Maurine Stokes Cook. 



WARD YOUTH LEADERSHIP 
OUTLINE OF STUDY 

OCTOBER 1946 

Note: This course of study is pre- 
pared under the direction of the Presid- 
ing Bishopric for presentation during 
the monthly meeting of the ward youth 
leadership to be conducted by the bish- 
opric in each ward. Members of the 
ward Aaronic Priesthood committee 
and of the ward committee for Latter- 
day Saint girls are expected to attend 
this meeting. 

J AST month we discussed in this 
column the need each boy and girl 
has to love and to be loved, and the 
responsibility of every teacher and 
leader of youth in the Church to help 
youth satisfy that need. The first ob- 
ligation of the leader of youth is to win 
their love. 

This is particularly true in the 
Church because the boy's or girl's rela- 
tionship to the Church is purely vol- 
untary. They may be under some par- 
ental compulsion to go to Church but 
they are largely and eventually free to 
come or to go as they please. A girl is 
forced to go to school and embarrassed 
if she does not perform fairly well. A 
boy is forced to be regular if he would 
hold a job and receive his wages for his 
labor. Not so with his relationship to 
the Church for it is based on interest, 
good will, and inherent satisfaction as- 
sociated with Church participation 
itself. 

588 



Boys and girls live in quite a cold, 
impersonal, selfish, and busy world. 
The average adolescent — -for all his ap- 
parent cocksureness — feels uncertain 
and is in need of friendship and under- 
standing. He normally possesses feel- 
ings of inferiority. He is also quite un- 
certain about many personal problems 
— vocation, love, family, and his sense 
of values generally. 

Boys and girls need understanding 
adults in whom they may feel free to 
confide. Sometimes their parents are 
too close to their problems and too 
much involved personally to be ap- 
proachable by their children. The 
Church worker is in an ideal situation 
to win the confidence of youth. He 
meets him on a voluntary basis in an 
idealistic environment. Youth is ideal- 
istic by nature and normally responds 
favorably to the qualifications of a good 
Church worker. (Read D. & C. 4. ) 

Every Church worker should ask 
himself these two questions occasion- 
ally : ( 1 ) Do I love those I serve and 
work with in the Church? and (2) do 
they love me? Without that bond of 
feeling between the shepherd and his 
flock, the shepherd of boys and girls 
labors in vain and, to quote Paul, he is 
"become as sounding brass or a tinkling 
cymbal." 

How can we strengthen the feeling 
of love between us and those we serve. 
The following are suggestions which 
you may illustrate and to which you 
will doubtless add. 

( 1 ) Let us take an interest in each 
one under our care — talk with him 
about himself, his interests, his plans 
without imposing ourselves on him and 
without prying into affairs which do not 
concern us. 

(2) Let us show confidence in our 
youth by giving them, on occasion, 
words of praise and encouragement and 
also responsibilities. 

(3) Let us have fellowship with 
them in priesthood and M.I. A. groups. 
They will like us when we do things 
with them which they like to do — eat, 
play, serve, create. 

(4) Let us try to put ourselves in 
the position of boys and girls — learn 
their problems, their home, school, and 
social backgrounds — so that our efforts 
will relate themselves to the entire lives 
of the boys and girls whom we serve. 

Questions: 

1. What is the difference between a 
boy's (or girl's) loyalty to his 



Church and his loyalty to school 
or a job? 

2. What attitudes of a Church work- 
er are most consistent with the 
nature and objectives of the gos- 
pel? 

3. Can discipline be achieved in 
Church without a bond of good 
will or love first existing between 
the disciplinarian and the discip- 
lined? (Justify your answer, and 
read D. & C. 121:40-46.) 

4. Think back on teachers and lead- 
ers in the ward you had as a boy 
or girl. Which of them did you 
love most? Why? 

References : 

D. & C. sections 4, 12, 121:40-46. 
Reader's Digest, June 1946, pp. 121- 
126. 



Lyoutk J^peahc 



THE EVILS OF PROFANITY 

(Excerpts from a talk given by Frank 

Bradshaw at a recent Wells Stake 

quarterly conference. Frank is a priest 

of the Browning Ward.) 

"\1ext to idolatry there is perhaps no 
habit in common practice so op- 
posed to refinement and spirituality as 
profanity. It is Satan's way of expres- 




FRANK 
BRADSHAW 



sion. He dislikes God, therefore, he 
delights to desecrate his name. 

Jesus said, ". . . Swear not at all . . . 
But let your communication be, Yea, 
yea; Nay, nay: for whatsoever is more 
than these cometh of evil." (Matthew 
5 :34, 37. ) Multitudes followed Jesus to 
hear him talk. No evil or unclean word 
ever passed his lips, only pure lan- 
guage — so simple that all who listened 
could understand. As in everything else 
he set us a pattern for speech. 

Speech is an index of character. We 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



CONDUCTED UNDER THE SUPERVISION OF THE PRESIDING BISHOPRIC. EDITED BY LEE A. PALMER. 



are judged by the way we express 
ourselves. Mr. Baird said: 

If one would find profanity developed to 
a fine art he must go down to the slums of 
a big city or to the prisons. The lower he 
goes into the dens of vice the more of it 
he will hear. When he travels in the op- 
posite direction he will hear less and less. 
In the best homes, in churches, in respect- 
able schools and all places of genuine re- 
finement profane swearing is not heard at 
all. To swear in public is to pin a sign on 
yourself to the effect that you belong to 
the lower strata of social culture. 

It breaks down one's character. It 
leads one to the extremes of evil. It 
goes without saying — no gentleman 
ever swears — others should not. Civic 
organizations are aware of these evils 
of profanity and steps have been taken 
to curb this practice. Our Church 
preaches against profanity. Other 
creeds have organized anti-profanity 
societies having the "Third Command- 
ment" for their slogan, and all people 
are asked to join with them in their 
efforts to suppress the vicious custom 
of blaspheming the sacred name of 
Deity. 

California passed a law in which per- 
sons could be fined as much as two 
hundred dollars or given ninety days 
in jail or both for using profane or in- 
decent language in public places in the 
presence of women and children. San 
Francisco has a city ordinance fining 
five hundred dollars or six months' im- 
prisonment for using profane language 
in public. 

Thus we see this evil is recognized 
and must be stamped out. The greatest 
damage of profane swearing is done to 
the spirit — nothing is more destructive. 
It has been compared to a gas which 
exists in deep coal mines known as 
"black damp." Its danger lies in its 
seeming innocence— it cannot be felt, 
seen, or smelled — but is detected by the 
miner's lamps slowly fading out, and if 
he does not quickly get away, his life 
will also flicker out. In a similar way 
when God's name is taken in vain, spir- 
itual life and light begin flickering out. 




WARD TEACHERS 

The teacher's duty is to watch oyer the church always, and be with and 
strengthen them; 

And see that there is no iniquity in the church, neither hardness with 
each other, neither lying, backbiting, nor evil speaking; 

And see that the church meet together often, and also see that all the 
members do their duty. (D. & C. 20:53-55.) 



\A/ard Jeack 



for OctoLr 1946 



"GOOD TEMPER" 

"\T17hen Solomon said, "He that is slow to anger is better than the mighty; 
and he that ruleth his spirit than he that taketh a city" (Prov. 16:32) 
he was visioning the potential strength of justice and personal discipline. 
A triumph over the spirit strengthens the soul, but to subdue a city adds 
nothing to a man's moral virtue. Few men have occasion to vanquish a city 
but to every man is given the opportunity to conquer the wrath of his 
spirit. 

Almost daily we come in contact with someone with a "cranky," 
touchy, irritable disposition. There are those who would excuse the fault 
as a family trait or weakness. It cannot be dismissed so easily. The in- 
gredients of ill temper are made up of jealousy, envy, anger, conceit, harsh- 
ness, cruelty, and unkindness. Each element is a vice within itself, capable 
of producing misery, laying waste to homes, ruining cherished relation- 
ships, embittering life, and generating disunity. To put hatred into the 
world, is to plant the seeds of revenge, the spirit of which is retaliation 
and reprisal. Such an attitude can never be expected to produce other 
than malice. 

We have just emerged from one of the most devastating conflicts 
ever waged. If the causes for this recent combat were enumerated, it would 
be found that all of those elements which make up ill temper would be 
listed. 

We cannot live in total isolation, therefore we should be conscious of 
the influence our behavior will have upon our associates. This is one of 
life's most serious responsibilities. 

Each of us is a ruler over our own mind. Whatever we give our 
attention to is the thing that will govern us. We select our thoughts, make 
our decisions, and are responsible for our reaction to emotion. If in our 
thinking we give place to the ugly and sordid, it is bound to find expression, 
while on the other hand, if our thoughts are elevated to the joyful and 
sublime, then those qualities will be reflected in our lives. ". . . whatsoever 
a man soweth, that shall he also reap." (Gal. 6:7.) 

If an inventory could be taken each day of the number of those 
offended, it would be shocking. Unkind words will be spoken today that 
will produce bitterness and ill feeling that will endure for a lifetime. "A 
soft answer turneth away wrath: but grievous words stir up anger." (Prov. 
15:1.) When Paul analyzed the principle of love when writing to the 
saints at Corinth, he set forth those elements which were indispensable in 
its operation; patience, kindness, generosity, humility, courtesy, unselfish- 
ness, good temper, guilelessness, and sincerity. His entire analysis is 
centered around good temper. It ". . . is not easily provoked." (I Cor. 
13:5.) It is the key to the successful operation of all the other virtues. 

In conclusion let us consider the words of Jesus and strive to avert the 
evils of ill temper with full intent for higher regard for our fellow men. 
"But I say unto you, That whosoever is angry with his brother without a 
cause shall be in danger of the judgment: and whosoever shall say to his 
brother, Raca, shall be in danger of the council: but whosoever shall say, 
Thou fool, shall be in danger of hell fire." (Matt. 5:22.) 



SEPTEMBER 1946 



589 




Hjtmaiogy 



Genealogical Activities 

TThe Salem Ward of Palmyra Stake 
reports a fully organized genealogi- 
cal committee. All members of the com- 
mittee attend the genealogical training 
class in Sunday School each Sunday 
morning. They have a good attendance 
and all the class members display a 
lively interest in it. 




given their patriarchal blessings. They 
are also looking forward to the oppor- 
tunity of going to the temple to do bap- 
tisms for the dead. 

* * * 

Testimony 
During a genealogical meeting held 
in Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada, 
March 1932, several testified that 
the spirit of Elijah helped them to 
locate their ancestors. Sister Elizabeth 
Fisher, one of our Scotch Saints, who is 
now over eighty-four years of age, did 
not know who her grandfather was. All 
she knew was that he lived at one time 
in northern Ireland. One night she had 

(See also 



a dream that her own father came to 
her and told her that his father's name 
was Robert Armour, but that they 
called him "Robin" Armour, and that 
he lived at Antrim, Ireland. 

Armed with this information, coupled 
with faith, she wrote a letter to the 
postmaster at Antrim, Ireland, asking 
him to hand the letter to the oldest 
Armour. A search was made for this 
town, but Sister Fisher could only find 
a county. In about a month a letter 
was received from a postmaster at Lis- 
burn, Antrim County, Ireland, in which 
he said that he did not know why the 
letter was sent by the post office author- 
ities to his place — however, he was 
glad to say that the letter had been 
given to a man whose mother was an 
Armour. Further correspondence re- 
vealed that his grandfather and the 
grandfather of our Sister Fisher, were 
brothers; and both of them had died 
there. Quite a number of names were 
gathered as a result. — Recorded by G. 
Gordon Whyte. 
page 547) 



Junior Class of Salem Ward, Palmyra Stake, 
organized in May 7945, which has twenty active 
members. 

Among the projects of this ward 
genealogical committee is one carried 
out in connection with the Melchizedek 
Priesthood temple project by which a 
representative has been maintained to 
attend the Salt Lake Temple. He re- 
ports having done one hundred ninety- 
four endowments and witnessed eight 
hundred thirty-two sealings of parents 
and five hundred sixty-five to parents, 
and performed 19,056 baptisms in addi- 
tion to having assisted in other temple 
ordinances. 

In order to finance this temple proj- 
ect for 1 946, the genealogical committee 
assisted by the juniors put on a dance, 
and sufficient money was raised to car- 
ry on this endeavor for at least a year. 

Committee members and the juniors 
have also participated in a home-teach- 
ing project, visiting, assisting, and en- 
couraging many members of the ward 
in their record keeping. 

The junior class was organized in 
May 1945, with Ruth C. Warren as 
junior leader, and Helen C. Davis, as- 
sistant. Class work has been carried 
on each Monday evening with twenty 
active members. They are now work- 
ing on their tenth activity in their Book 
of Remembrance. For their reading 
course the book Added Upon was read 
and discussed in class. Preparations 
are now under way for the group to be 

590 



MELCHIZEDEK PRIESTHOOD 

{Concluded from page 587) 

surely come to pass. Time is short, for are not needed is avoided, for both 

God's judgments come quickly. It there- spoilage and hoarding of scarce or un- 

fore behooves each to think seriously necessary items tends to work against 

about the counsel given by our leaders, the economic welfare of the individual 

and see that nothing goes to waste, but as well as the nation. The family stor- 

that every morsel of food be harvested, age program should be a long range 

that in our homes the storage rooms are program and should consist principally 

filled to capacity so that we will be able of those things they produce or make 

to provide for ourselves and our fami- with their own hands. Along this line 

lies in a day of want. the Lord said : 



Priesthood Leaders' Responsibility 

One of the great challenges which to- 
day faces presidents and group leaders 
of the Melchizedek Priesthood quorums 
in filling their assignments as personal 
welfare representatives is to see that 
every member of the quorum or group 
becomes actively converted to this very 
timely counsel. They should visit with 
the brethren of the quorums and help 
them lay plans as to what should be 
stored and how to store it. The quorum 
members should be taught to sit down 
with their wives and children as a fami- 
ly unit and make up a list of all their 
needs for one year or more. They 
should then strike from this list perish- 
able items which cannot be stored and 
also strike out scarce items which 
should not be obtained at this time. 
These sacred family circles, meeting 
under the inspiration of prayer, should 
then budget their income and their 
means to put in storage at least one 
year's supply of the items which they 
have listed. 

Great care should be exercised to see 
that spoilage is kept to an absolute 
minimum and that storage of items that 



And again, thou shalt not be proud in thy 
heart; let all thy garments be plain, and 
their beauty the beauty of the work of thine 
own hands; And let all things be done in 
cleanliness before me. Thou shalt not be 
idle; for he that is idle shall not eat the 
bread nor wear the garments of the laborer. 
(D. & C. 42:40-42.) 

Quorum Projects 

To supplement the individual family's 
ability to produce or otherwise acquire 
the items it desires to store, the quo- 
rum might locate production projects to 
be operated on a group basis. In addi- 
tion to helping the quorum members in 
providing the things they need, such 
projects will do much to increase the 
unity and activity of the quorum. No 
greater service can be rendered by the 
quorum leaders to their members than 
for them to take a personal interest in 
seeing that each member learns his duty 
along this line, and then without pro- 
crastination takes the necessary steps 
to provide the things that he and his 
family will need in the day when the 
Lord pours out his judgment upon the 
earth in such fierceness that a seedtime 
and a harvest will be no more. 

, THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



A Promise 

{Continued from page 567) 
cording to the promise of the proph- 
et of the Lord to me. 

Tn the wards yhich we visited, we 
went to Huntsville in Ogden 
Canyon. It was very cold when we 
arrived; it was twenty degrees be- 
low zero in the daytime. A heavy 
snow had fallen. At the home where 
I stayed, I was assigned a room in a 
story and a half house with no stove 
in the room. While there was so 
much bedding on the bed that it 
weighted me down, the cold was so 
intense between those quilts that it 
drew all the warmth out of my body 
until I lay shivering all night long. I 
don't know how cold it was during 
the night. 

In the morning we followed the 
usual procedure. We went to the 
Mutual president and had him make 
out a list of Mutual people who 
needed to repent. We took the list 
to the bishop of the ward who was 
Bishop David McKay, father of 
President David O. McKay, one of 
the sweetest, kindest, loveliest men 
I have ever met. His wife was a real 
mother to us, and it was a pleasure 
to be in their home. Bishop McKay 
was in perfect harmony with our 
procedure and offered to assist us in 
any way possible. In fact, he was 
very much pleased at our purpose 
and the mission we had at hand. We 
handed him the usual list that had 
been prepared. He looked it over. 

He said, "Brother Taylor, I ap- 
prove that you visit all on this list 
except one family." And he marked 
his pencil through the name of that 
family. And I asked, "Why should- 
n't we visit him?" 

He replied, "This man hasn't been 
in our meetinghouse for twenty 
years. He has apostatized. He 
wouldn't receive you. He hasn't re- 
ceived our teachers or anyone for 
years. You would not be welcome 
at his home." 

I asked, "Who is he then?" 

He said, "This man was with the 
Prophet Joseph Smith in Kirtland 
and helped build up that city. He 
had a fine home. When the Saints 
were driven from the place, he left 
and followed with them and went to 
Independence, Missouri, where he 
built another home and endured the 
mobbings of that place. He was 
driven out again, and then he went 
{Continued on page 592) 

SEPTEMBER 1946 



What to take along when you take a trip to Tahoe 







Take along a bathing suit to 
Tahoe, the swimming's cool 
but bracing. And go on 
Chevron Supreme Gasoline 
— it "acclimates" your car 
to the kind of country you 
drive through. 



Ordinary gasoline vaporizes 
too easily in hot or high 
areas and often causes va- 
por lock. To prevent this 
Chevron Supreme is "tai- 
lored" to fit each different 
climate zone and altitude. 



That's why, wherever you go, 
Chevron Supreme gives you 
faster starts, smoother pick- 
up, more reliable power. 
And to make your trip even 
pleasanter, take along a 
Chevron Credit Card. 



This picture of Lake Tahoe is drawn from one of Standard's FREE Scenic Views 
. . . yours for the asking wherever you stop for Chevron Supreme Gasoline. 

STOP AT STANDARD STATIONS, INC. AND CHEVRON GAS STATIONS 

591 




On^tBobkroick 



PAGES FROM THE BOOK OF EVE 
(Ora Pate Stewart. The Naylor Company, 
San Antonio, Texas. 1946. $3.00.) 

|* ITTLE Eve is charming. In straightfor- 
*-* ward, simple English she tells of life 
just as it happened to her in the pioneer 
days of the west. Some of the episodes 
cause laughter; others compel tears to flow. 
That is always the way of real life. 

She also paints a picture of man's toil for 
the necessities of life. This is a good tonic 
in our day, when the love of labor is becom- 
ing flabby, and selfishness walks under the 
cloak of honor. Little Eve does not know 
that she is preaching a big economic lesson 
to her readers. And, some of the readers 
may not realize it. 

Then, when some of us would be engulfed 
by emotional upheavals when disaster over- 
takes us, Little Eve walks straight on, hope- 
fully facing the enemy with clenched teeth. 
That is also a lesson to be learned by all 
who want happiness in life. 

However, to enjoy to the full a few hours 
of leisure, forget all lessons and teachings, 
lean back, with Eve's book in hand, in the 
easy chair, or maybe on the grass under 
the maple tree; let Eve tell you her story. 
Laugh with her; cry with her; plan with her 
— and life will look better to you, and peo- 
ple will look lovelier to you, and you will 
feel refreshed as if on a warm day you have 
had a refreshing drink. 

Pages from the Book of Eve is a unique 
but captivating story. — /. A. W. 

WOMAN AS FORCE IN HISTORY 
(Mary R. Beard. Macmillan Company, 
New York. 1946. 369 pages. $3.50.) 

'"Phe author of this book has long been 
■*■ known for her very exceptional his- 
torical work, along with her husband, 
Charles A. Beard. This study of woman's 
position throughout the years has been the 
subject of painstaking research on the part 
of Mrs. Beard. Mrs. Beard blames the ac- 
ceptance of the idea that women were a 
subject sex to two factors: the rebellion of 
American women who felt that there were 
too many restraints on their liberty, and 
Sir William Blackstone, author of Com- 
mentaries on the Laws of England, in which 
work he considered women legally subject 
to their men folk. 

One statement that it is interesting to re- 
call is one made by Dr. Philip M. Kitay: 
". . . the present-day attitudes toward wom- 
en have been largely made by men. Since 
many accept prevailing opinions as facts, 
women as a rule fall into the same opinions 
as men, and therefore see themselves 
through male eyes." 

The book is well worth reading — for both 
men and women — for the scholarliness 
of its work as well as for the interest in the 
subject. — M. C. J. 

THE UNITED STATES MOVES 

ACROSS THE PACIFIC 

(Kenneth Scott Latourette. Harper and 

Brothers, New York. 1946. 

174 pages. $2.00.) 

TpROBABLY no question looms so vitally be- 
■*- fore A mer icans as that of our position 
in the Far East. And probably no other 
author than Dr. Latourette has had the ex- 
perience that would warrant his writing 
such a book. In addition to being an au- 
thority on the Far East, Dr. Latourette is 
592 



a recognized scholar in the entire Oriental 
field, having published Development of 
China, Development of Japan, Early Rela- 
tions Between the United States and China, 
and the outstanding work, A History of the 
Expansion of Christianity. 

The author lays a clear and unmistakable 
pattern for what occurred on the fatal day 
of December 7, 1941. And from the scholar- 
ship that goes into this study one can ponder 
long this book for a more thorough under- 
standing of our position in the Pacific. 

—M. C. /. 
MARGIE 

The Story of a Friendship 
(Kenneth Irving Brown. Association Press. 
New York. 1946. 255 pages. $2.50.) 

r T r His refreshing story of young love will 
■*■ bring quickened awareness of youth to 
the old who read the story and heightened 
idealism to the young who read it. Told in 
large part through Margie's letters to Dick, 
their vivid friendship, bound as it is with 
their burning belief in God, stimulate all 
who read the book to try to measure to 
their own standard of applied Christianity. 

Those who have read and loved Larry 
will be doubly glad that this book has been 
published, for it will reveal as lovable and 
as stalwart a girl as Larry was a boy. 

Margie is a welcome book, a book that 
deserves to win wide acclaim for its inter- 
est, its idealism, its genuine worth. 

— M. C. /. 

ARABIAN NIGHTS 

(Collected and edited by Andrew Lang. 

Illustrated by Vera Bock. Longmans, 

Green & Co., New York. 1946. 

303 pages. $2.00.) 

'"Phis beautifully prepared edition of 
■*• Arabian Nights will delight old and 
young alike. The illustrations certainly 
enhance the stories and seem an integral 
part of them. 

In this new edition a foreword by Mary 
Gould Davis indicates why some of the old 
stories have been omitted and why some 
new ones have been added. She states: 
"... there is a great deal in Scheherazade 
that will appeal to modern girls. In meeting 
a truly desperate situation she showed in- 
telligence, courage, poise, and a ready wit." 

And the stories themselves, although told 
primarily to entertain, also give indication 
of correct principles of living. Certainly, 
no child should willingly grow up without 
an introduction to the Arabian Nights, and 
particularly this edition of the stories, be- 
cause of the beauty of the format as well 
as the selection of tales. — M. C. /. 

LIGHT FROM THE ANCIENT PAST 
(Jack Finegan. The Princeton University 
Press, Princeton, New Jersey. 1946. 
500 pages. $5.00.) 

HpHE preface states: "The purpose of this 
» book is to give a connected account of 
the archeological background of the He- 
brew-Christian religion." And the difficul- 
ties of obtaining that background is well 
set forth in the author's introduction. But, 
the author states, ". . . through the appli- 
cation of highly scientific techniques and 
by the cooperative efforts of scholars in 
many lands, the shattered mosaic of the 
past is slowly being fitted together again." 
For Latter-day Saints, this book will 
prove of tremendous value since it indi- 
cates further proof of the authenticity of 
the Biblical account of the world. M. C. J. 



A Promise 

(Continued from page 591) 
to Far West where he built another 
home. This man witnessed the mob- 
bings of that place especially when 
the mob militia arrested the Prophet 
Joseph, his brother Hyrum, and 
others and told them to bid good-bye 
to their wives and families because 
on the morrow they would be shot. 
Of course, this edict was frustrated 
and didn't happen. This man stood 
shoulder to shoulder with the Proph- 
et Joseph during all these troubles 
and all these mobbings, and when 
they were driven from Far West, he 
went to Commerce, later renamed 
Nauvoo, on the Mississippi River, 
and built a new home, a splendid 
place, and had a farm and was do- 
ing well until the mobbing took place 
in this city. He helped to build up 
that city of over twenty thousand 
people, the largest town in the state 
of Illinois at that time, and helped 
construct the million-dollar temple 
that stood on the hill, but through 
the hate of the enemy, he was driven 
out again, and he joined a party of 
the early pioneers who crossed the 
plains and started a new home here 
in the valleys of the mountains." 

"KIThen Bishop McKay told me the 
story of this man who had been 
true to the Prophet Joseph Smith 
and had gone through the privations 
and mobbings that were incident to 
the establishment of "Mormonism" 
on the earth, I forgot all about any 
wrong that he had done or his rejec- 
tion of the teachers, and my heart 
and soul went out to him. I made up 
my mind if I visited no other person 
in that ward that I would visit that 
old man. One day as we were run- 
ning down through the snow, run- 
ning to keep warm, we saw a log 
house located in a grove of cotton- 
wood trees. As we were passing the 
place, I said to the young man taking 
us around, "Do we go into this 
place?" 

He said, "That is the place, Broth- 
er Taylor, that the bishop thought 
perhaps we should not visit." 

"Well," I said, "I feel impressed 
that we should visit them." 

I knocked at the door, and, when 
it was opened, I put my foot in so 
they couldn't shut the door on us 
and turn us out. They invited us in. 
Sitting around a cookstove to keep 
warm were an old gentleman, pos- 
sibly past eighty years of age, and 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



A Promise 

his wife, both of them feeble and old, 
and two, big, husky men about 
thirty years of age whose faces were 
bloated with the evidence of drink. 
I was rather perplexed as to how I 
should open the conversation, but 
finally felt impressed to ask an ac- 
count of his life. 

He told me what the bishop had 
told me. He related his experience 
in Kirtland, in Independence, in Far 
West, in Nauvoo, and of his final 
trek over the plains. He told in- 
stances in connection with the life of 
the Prophet Joseph and the mob- 
bings and things that were among 
the most intensely interesting to 
which I had ever listened. At the 
time I would have given nearly any- 
thing to have had a stenographer 
present to have taken down his 
dramatic story because it was dra- 
matic to me and filled my whole be- 
ing with delight. After he had fin- 
ished telling the story I turned to 
him with love and affection. 

When we explained to them the 
desire of the Lord and how anxious 
the bishop and all the people in that 
ward Were to welcome them and 
treat them as they used to be treated, 
we told them that if they would be 
prayerful and humble, God would 
bless them and forgive them if they 
would only repent. Those two big 
boys put their heads down and with 
tears running down their cheeks 
sobbed like little children, thanking 
the Lord for our coming into their 
home and promising us that with the 
help of the Lord, they would turn 
over a new leaf and do right in the 
future. 

After we had finished Weber 
County, we went to Salt Lake Coun- 
ty. It was then getting late in the 
season, and we couldn't visit very 
many wards, but we had excellent 
results. That mission which was 
performed by different people who 
were called as I was, performed a 
wonderful work and resulted in a 
great amount of good. The group 
that was with me, and they were fine, 
faithful, devoted men, men of ex- 
perience, men of faith, did Trojan 
work to accomplish the mission that 
we were called to perform. 

I don't want to be boastful be- 
cause I never felt any credit be- 
longed to me, but we enlisted and 
caused, among those people who 
were not doing right, three thousand 
men and boys to repent in that work. 

SEPTEMBER 1946 ' ; 



A New Textbook for Youth . . 

and for their 
parents 

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L.D.S. families — to those already 
established and to those of to- 
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the outgrowth of many years' ex- 
perience with youth — and with the 
homes from which they come. Here 
are typical chapter headings: 

My Personal Preparation 
Choosing Friends 
Seeking a Companion 
Harmonizing Two Personalities 
The Spiritual Foundation of 

Marriage 
Those Who Marry 
Composition of the Mormon 

Familv 




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Hoy A. West 

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DISCOURSES OF 
WILFORD WOODRUFF 

compiled by Dr. G. Homer Durham — 
teachings of the fourth president of 
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SONG EVERLASTING 

by Paul Bailey — a Mormon novel, rich 
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Compiled by Albert L. Zobefl, jr." 

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593 




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594 



ROMANCE OF THE BOOK OF MORMON 



{Concluded from page 549) 
The title page of this 1840 edition 
carries the phrase "carefully revised by 
the translator." This was thoroughly 
checked, years ago, when President 
George A. Smith was Church historian. 
It was then found that only about thirty 
corrections had been made in the 1840 
edition over the original edition. For 
instance: "my" was changed to "they" 
on page 67 of the Palmyra edition; 
"hath" to "had" on page 83; "went" to 
"sent" on page 380; "prisoners" to 
"provisions" on 387; "sign" to "signal" 
on 453; and "Angelah" to "Angola" on 
521. In seven instances omissions of 
words or parts of sentences were sup- 
plied, and in fifteen, corrections had 



been made by omitting superfluous 
words or tautological expressions. 

Although not as valued as the first 
and second editions, copies of this third 
edition, like copies of other rare edi- 
tions of the Book of Mormon, are 
prized far beyond the original purchase 
price. Such books are interesting to 
have, to hold, and to compare with 
the editions that we know and use to- 
day. But if you want to study the text 
of the Book of Mormon and its in- 
spired contents, buy the latest edition. 
The inexpensive missionary edition, 
costing much less than a dollar, places 
helps and indexes at your fingertips 
which no previous edition ever had to 
aid you in grasping the eternal message 
of the Book of Mormon. 



NO-LIQUOR-TOBACCO COLUMN 



{Continued from page 587) 
which liquor could be legally bought, 
would legalize sale by the drink as well 
as by the package, and would give re- 
tailing into the hands of private pro- 
motors whose sole purpose would be 
to make money, some of whom would 
likely do as many promoters have al- 
ways done — try to find ways of cir- 
cumventing and violating the law. In 
the state of Utah it is illegal to sell 
liquor to minors. Under the current 
law the state will not issue permits to 
buy liquor to minors — those under 
twenty-one years of age. The proposed 
law repeals the section requiring per- 
mits. Does anyone believe the private 
vendor would always make sure that 
all purchasers were over twenty-one, 
and that they were otherwise respon- 
sible persons? 

Under the proposed law licenses are 
to be issued by cities, towns, and coun- 
ties. Would there not be a tendency 
for friends of drinking to unite in efforts 
to get friends of liquor as commission- 
ers, sheriffs, prosecutors, judges, etc.? 
What does history teach relative to 
this matter? Liquor interests are wide- 
ly reputed to exert a sinister influence 
in local politics. 

The record shows drinking is on the 
increase among women. What would 
be the effect on this tendency in Utah 
if sales by the drink were made in res- 
taurants, clubs, cocktail lounges, etc.? 

All Utahns averse to loosening up on 
liquor laws will stoutly oppose the 
changes above indicated. 

Cocktail Lounges 

Behold, it is not coming; it has come — the 
Cocktail America. I lived through a gen- 
eration of the saloon. Then, no woman 
could enter a saloon, embrace the brass 
rail, and ever live down the disgrace. But 



I have lived to see a disgrace a thousand- 
fold deeper. 

In one of America's greatest hotels I re- 
cently saw a cocktail lounge — I beg your 
pardon, a "Ladies' Cocktail Lounge" — the 
largest drinking place I have ever seen in 
my more than four-score years. The man- 
agers told me their average daily customers, 
totaled three thousand. America's death is 
in that spot. 

Some six hundred years before Christ 
there lived a hero by the name of Jeremiah. 
He said: "There are among my people 
wicked men: they set traps, they catch 
men." Were Jeremiah living today he would 
exclaim, "What a perfect picture of the 
liquor brood and all their cohorts!" 

When, alas, this government threw wide 
open the camps of our boys to the traps of 
the liquor oligarchy, all the devils in hell 
clicked their glasses, and all the brewers and 
distillers held high carnival. They well 
knew they had set their traps for America 
of tomorrow. They placed their cards well. 
They set and baited their traps, and they 
caught the choice young American man- 
hood. — Dr. Elmer Ellsworth Helms in The 
Voice. 

Kathleen Norris wrote: 

For generations excessive drinking by 
men has been the curse of helpless woman- 
hood and childhood, has been the creator 
of want and slums, cruelty and crime. 

For generations the struggles of women 
to curb this curse have represented the one 
desperate effort of their lives, the one fer- 
vent prayer of their hearts. 

It is a sorrowful thing, it is a bitter re- 
flection upon the code and character of 
American women today, that this curse is 
being extended to include them; that thou- 
sands of our women — and by no means our 
poorest women, by no means the women 
who have sunk to the lowest stage of deg- 
radation — are voluntarily placing them- 
selves in the group of the drunkards. — Chi- 
cago Herald American, September 28, 1943. 
{Concluded on page 596) 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



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SEPTEMBER 1946 



595 




"It Costs 
a l^t less to Own 
a JOHN DEERE" 




You'll never know how much easier 
on your pocketbook a tractor can be un- 
til you own a John Deere. Along with its outstanding fuel 
economy, repair and overhaul expense over the years is far 
below that of other tractors. Compare the actual figures 
quoted below from owner letters with your costs and those 
of your neighbors. Talk to John Deere owners in your com- 
munity. Then see your John Deere dealer and let him tell 
you why these simple, rugged two-cylinder tractors are out- 
standing in economy as well as in every other feature you 
want in your next tractor. 



August 22, 1945 
I purchased my John Deere Model 
"A" Tractor February, 1935. I have 
farmed an average of 200 acres per 
year. This year, however, it has covered 
258 acres. During those years the entire 
cost of upkeep will not exceed $300, in- 
cluding a paint job. — Curtis W. Shafer, 
Bridgeport, Indiana. 



December 6, 1945 
I bought a Model "B" in December, 
1939. Just had it in the shop for the 
first time and the overhauling expense 
was $25.22, which is all I have had on 
this tractor in 6 years of operation. — 
Joe Yostmayer, Rush Hill, Missouri. 



August 30, 1945 
In April, 1937, I purchased a Model 
"B" John Deere Tractor. My total re- 
pair bill on this tractor during this 
time amounted to $2.00.— Paul F. 
Hinze, Shiner, Texas. 



June 8, 1945 
I purchased my Model "D" in the 
fall of 1924 and have used it every sea- 
son since. During this long life, I have 
spent in the neighborhood of $150 for 
repairs. — Charles A. Kohns, Capac, 
Michigan. 

* * * 

November 19, 1945 
My John Deere Orchard Tractor is 
11 years old, and I have spent less than 
$60 for repairs in all that time and the 
tractor runs as well as it did the first 
year.— J. C. Unoke, Modesto, Califor- 
nia. 

August 13, 1945 
Do we like John Deere Tractors? In- 
deed, we do! We own three Model" 'A' s", 
one eleven years old, one eight years 
old, and one we purchased this spring. 
Repairs are hardly worth mentioning. 
I don't believe we spent over $50 on all 
three tractors, and their total years of 
service adds up to about twenty years. 
—2). D. Denman, Cortland, Ohio. 






JOHN DEERE 

MOLINE - ILLINOIS 



596 



No-Liquor-Tobacco 
Column 

(Concluded from page 594) 

Cigarets and Alcoholic Beverages 

In Utah during the fiscal years 1945, 
1946, the figures of sales here given are 
official : 

Paid for 1945 1946 

Cigarets $ 4,978,196 $ 6,856,215 

Beer 11,197,806 12,096,603 

Liquor 10,862,677 12,822,668 

Total $27,038,679 $31,755,486 

Thus the over-all increase for the year 
1946 was 17.4%. The over-all increase 
during the five fiscal years 1941 to 1946 
was from $11,372,056 to $31,755,486, 
or 2.8 times. 

President David 0. McKay says: 

/^OD has made America great; man 
must make and keep the nation 
great. 

... I must mention an insidious evil 
that is destroying, termite-like the 
foundation of character as well as that 
of the home and nation. I refer to the 
appalling increase in the use of tobacco, 
particularly among the young. Of its 
usefulness, expensiveness, injuriousness 
to health, I will say nothing. I shall re- 
fer only to its undermining effect on 
character and to its' slovenliness. 

(From address "Nobility of Character 

Essential to a Great Nation," delivered in 

Salt Lake Tabernacle, Sunday, April 4, 

1943.) 

■ ♦ ■ 

Yesterday and Today 

(Concluded from page 569) 
licity are not possible. Just now the 
use of such articles would be very 
valuable. 

We are resolved to meet the emer- 
gency by bringing into play all of our 
resourcefulness. When we ourselves 
have exhausted all possibilities, the 
Lord's help is always there. Of this, 
loyal and active members are fully 
convinced. 

The priesthood is united and de- 
voted, and rests on its loyalty to the 
Church. It awaits closer contact with 
the other continent. It prays always: 
Preserve our children, encourage the 
widows and the orphans, cheer the af- 
flicted and those w,ho mourn, plant in 
the hearts of thy children the banner 
of hope and love, and give to them vic- 
tory over disease and death. May the 
tender glow of peace, oh, God, come 
over us and lend us the radiant sun of 
a new and better world. 

( Translated'' for The Improvement 
Era by Fred Tadje, "former presi- 
dent of the German-Austrian and 
the Swiss-German missions.) 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



Ruler of the Crags 

(Concluded from page 565) 

leaped for the crevice in the wall. 
He hung there for a split second, 
seemed actually to bounce to the op- 
posite side of the fissure. Up that 
yard-wide vertical crack he clam- 
bered in apparent defiance of the 
laws of gravity. With short fore- 
legs spread and his clinging, rubber- 
like hind hoofs striking wildly for 
foothold, he scaled a slightly over- 
hanging shelf ten feet above the 
bench. Below, the wolf was leaping 
high, scrambling in a desperate ef- 
fort to drag him down. 

The kid bleated for its mother 
who had vanished. He looked above, 
but the fissure was shallower there 
and absolutely smooth. He could 
climb no higher, and below the gray 
wolf trotted back and forth, back 
and forth, waiting for him. 

From the ledge trail somewhere 
overhead came the anxious voice of 
the mother. The kid answered, then 
waited. The wolf was searching the 
entire length of the wall along the 
bench for a possible means of ascent 
to the precarious refuge, but he 
found nothing he could scale. 

The kid reared on its hind legs, its 
little front hoofs testing vainly for a 
foothold higher up, for a way, how- 
ever dangerous, that would lead him 
up to his unseen mother. Again and 
again he called, but the answering 
voice was distant, distraught. He 
was alone, and below him the wolf 
was waiting. 

When the evening feeding time 
came and the westering sun cast long 
shadows across the slide courses, 
none of the band came down. They 
knew that an enemy lurked below. 
The sun went lower. The signal 
star for night to come hung low in 
the west. The lean upper air seemed 
haunted by an uneasy foreboding. 
The kid's thin, despairing call was 
answered only by the marmot's 
whistle. All outlines were overcast 
as night deepened the drab tapestry 
of the dusk. Only the stealthy pad- 
ding of the wolf's feet reached the 
ears of the young mountain goat. 

(~}nce again the slow fingers of the 
dawn reached over the south- 
east ranges, shredded out the thick 
curtain of the night, tinting the 
snowfields with faint color. On the 
cliff top the goats were stirring. 
Hungry, deprived of food the eve- 
ning before, they stood near the 
(Concluded on page 598) 

SEPTEMBER T946 



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RULER OF THE CRAGS 



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RICHMOND CALIFORNIA 



(Concluded from page 597) 

commencement of the down trail, 
Blackspike at their head. 

Below on the slide courses was 
food; below also was an enemy dif- 
ferent from any Blackspike had ever 
known. There was an implied chal- 
lenge in its presence on the moun- 
taintop where for so long he had 
been supreme. One of the kids 
moved impatiently. A moment later, 
in a stolid, matter-of-fact way, 
Blackspike commenced the descent. 

A lifetime of confidence in his 
ability to outclimb any enemy forti- 
fied him. Every morning for several 
summers he had been among the first 
to take this tortuous path to the 
feeding grounds. The band followed 
in a straggling line. Lower and low- 
er they went, and not until he had 
rounded a turn twenty feet above the 
bench did Blackspike become aware 
of the wolf standing at the junction 
of the bench and the trail. 

The wolf's fangs bared in a silent 
threat. Blackspike's head went 
down, and his hoofs smote the rock 
angrily. The ragged tufts of hair on 
his shoulder rose, and he took a few 
threatening steps down. The wolf 
stood its ground, but still the old 
king of the range advanced, his eyes 
glowering beneath his lowered 
horns. 

Instead of retreating down the 
path to the cliff base, the wolf backed 
onto the ledge, determined to stand 
between this intruder and the kid it 
had trapped in the crevice. Above, 
several of the band stood on the nar- 
row shelf at the turn, half minded to 
pivot on bunched hoofs and go back 
the way they had come. But Black- 
spike had no intention of going back. 
He snorted, pitched his head warn- 
ingly and came straight for the ene- 
my in a series of short, stiff-legged 
jumps. 

A thin, excited bleat came from 
the kid at sight of one of its kind. 
The wolf leaped sideways and 
back. Often, far below in the river 
valley, he had dragged down deer 
much larger than this ungainly ani- 
mal. A flashing rush at an unde- 
fended flank would give him the 
victory. He backed off, swerved, 
waiting his chance. Then suddenly 
he seemed to realize that Black- 
spike's attack was deliberate, that 
the goat did not merely want to pass 
down the path, but instead was in- 



598 



tent on closing with him. He 
crouched and began to circle. 

But always that awkward body 
swung to face him, always it ad- 
vanced step by step, forcing him 
against his will to the far end of the 
bench. A rumbling, barbaric growl 
came from his throat. His confidence 
deserted him, and he realized that he 
was battling for his life. 

Cnorting at every abrupt jump for- 
ward, Blackspike was blocking 
him from reaching the down-trail. 
On the wolf's right and behind him 
the sheer side of the cliff loomed. 
He feinted, dodged, and with head 
sweeping low snapped at a foreleg. 
One rapier spike raked his shoulder, 
and he flung himself clear. Like a 
flash Blackspike was on him again, 
driving hard, leaving him no room 
for crafty maneuvering. And at that 
instant the kid, seeing a chance to 
escape, left its shelf in a scrambling 
rush and gained the level rock. Its 
little hoofs went pounding along the 
up-trail toward its mother. 

With a last throaty exhalation of 
rage, the wolf flung himself straight 
at Blackspike's throat. The two jet 
horns came forward and up, and, as 
the combatants staggered toward 
the drop-off of the ledge, horns and 
fangs locked them together. 

The lurching of that powerful 
body all but threw Blackspike from 
his feet. With every ounce of 
strength in his tough neck he tried 
to shake free. He stumbled, came to 
his knees, the wolf's body half across 
his neck. Then with a final Her- 
culean effort he reared up and shook 
clear and, hoofs on the crumbling 
edge, saw the enemy go jolting down 
the steep pitch to the heather sixty 
feet below. For a full moment the 
wolf lay there, then, coming to its 
feet, limped down the slope toward 
the shadowy forest far below. 

Stolid, ungainly, the ruler of the 
crags watched the gray form thread 
its way over the uneven ground to 
timberline. Blackspike had kept his 
kingdom inviolate. 

From a rivulet far down the slide 
courses a water ousel greeted the 
return of day with riotous delight. 
The full dawn lay on the snow fields 
in slowly deepening pools of color. 
From his lookout the marmot whis- 
tled cheerily as Blackspike led his 
band to feed unmolested on the 
mountainside. 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



These Times 



{Concluded from page 554) 
fice, but rather an elaborate set of polit- 
ical and ethical doctrines, based on the 
Roman Catholic faith, which historical- 
ly have been applied in whatever sys- 
tem of government Catholics have in- 
habited. Yet, Professor Oakeshott be- 
lieves that Catholicism is a vital in- 
gredient in the shape of things to come. 
4 

'T'he roots of state intervention in the 
modern economic order go back to 
the mid-nineteenth century. What has 
caused it? (1) Technology and indus- 
trialization, (2) economic depression, 
(3) war. 
4 

"TPechnology brought urbanization, 
then collectivization through giant 
corporations and giant labor organiza- 
tions. The twenty or thirty giant cor- 
porations that dominate American busi- 
ness are much easier to control by big 
government than half a million individ- 
ual small businesses. Depressions and 
unrest brought the demands for govern- 
ment control. War not only caps the 
climax, but after postwar depressions, 
people say (as Americans said after 
1929) , "The government did it in war- 
time, why not in peacetime?" Right 
now, most people expect government 
to solve the housing, food, and clothing 
problems of America. 

4 

Tn democracies, people have to learn 
nor to ask for what is not good for 
them, for, to the democratic politician, 
"The customer is always right." There- 
fore we must be careful not to ask for 
things we do not want. We must find 
out what is good and what is bad and 
ask only for that which is good. 

4 

'T'hen we shall have to learn how to 
organize and control society in 
terms of the centralizing implications 
of technology. How many private bus- 
inessmen can invest two billion dollars 
in an Oak Ridge plant? How avoid 
more and more concentration of author- 
ity as the atomic age proceeds? How 
organize and control the authorities 
necessary to that age? 

4 

HPoo, we shall have to learn how to 
eliminate depressions without mak- 
ing economic life static — full employ- 
ment opportunities but not "fixed" em- 
ployment. Finally, war as organized 
social conflict, and the highroad to a 
totalitarian world, must be eliminated. 
Here are some good opportunities for 
a gospel genius — to solve these human 

problems. 

4 

T^hese times afford a wonderful oc- 
casion for men of future greatness 
to learn of ". . . things which have been, 

SEPTEMBER 1946 



things which are, things which must they might have joy"; but the prophets 

shortly come to pass. ..." (D. & C. also teach that men cannot be saved in 

88:79.) Knowing is prerequisite to ignorance of the times in which they 

shaping a better world. "Men are that live. 



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Address □ Mature, non-High School 

Graduate 



599 



The Eyes of 
the Nation 

will be focused on Utah 
during the coming year, 
Utah's Centennial. We can 
all help Utah by resolving 
now to be courteous, 
friendly and helpful to out- 
of-state visitors. Let's make 
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Clarence L. West, Mgr. 



t 1 !. 



an 



AS MAN EATS 
AND DRINKS 

We believe that, in large meas- 
ure, as a man eats and drinks, 
so is he. For food, nature has 
given us fruits of the sun and 
soil. These are priceless treas- 
ures, conducive to health of 
body and mind. Besides these, 
we need no stimulants. 
You who agree, will be inter- 
ested in a delicious drink that 
is made from grain and fruit. 
And this delightful, wholesome 
beverage contains no caffeine, 
other stimulants, or narcotics. 
FICGO is known to millions of 
people who think sanely about 
food and drink. It is made of 
roasted barley and tree-ripened 
California figs. It is a boon to 
non-coffee drinkers who admit- 
tedly, and rightly, enjoy a 
wholesome hot drink with their 
meals. Wholesome FICGO can 
be freely recommended as a 
healthful drink for the whole 
family. ^ 

LEONARD H. BALLIF, President 

California Ficgo Company 

Los Angeles, California 




A CHALLENGE TO YOUTH 



(Concluded from page 561 ) 
wished it could have been or how poignant 
was his grief. 



600 



As I heard the testimonies of the 
returned veterans here this morning 
who testified that because of their 
clean living they believed they had 
come back safe. I wondered what 
the parents of those boys who didn't 
come back have thought. Have 
they wondered if their boys fell be- 
cause, somehow, they had not 
proved true? The words of the 
scriptures must bring consolation to 
those who thus question. Said a 
great prophet-warrior: 

Do ye suppose that, because so many of 
your brethren have been killed it is because 
of their wickedness? I say unto you, if ye 
have supposed this ye have supposed in 
vain; for I say unto you, there are many 
who have fallen by the sword; and behold 
it is to your condemnation; 

For the Lord suffereth the righteous to be 
slain that his justice and judgment may come 
upon the wicked; therefore ye need not 
suppose that the righteous are lost because 
they are slain; but behold, they do enter into 
the rest of the Lord their God. {Book of 
Mormon, Alma 60:12,13.) 

What a great promise and what 
a great consolation to those whose 
sons have gone to their eternal rest! 

It has been suggested that we 
should bow our heads for just a brief 
moment, in obedience to our feel- 
ings, and give silent reverence to the 
boys who are not with us here to- 
night. 

[Then followed a moment of 
silence.] 

Jsjow that you are back home, you 
Latter-day Saint boys, go to the 
homes of the parents whose sons are 
being missed so greatly. Give com- 
fort to those who stand in need of 
comfort, and mourn with those who 
mourn. There are those who have 
strayed away on forbidden paths, 
and they did not meet with you very 
often in your groups out there. They 
are not here tonight. You, better 
than anyone else, can go out and 
reclaim those boys. May we place 
that upon you as a charge? 

Remember that you are apt to be- 
come a prey to some who are teach- 
ing false philosophies which con- 
tradict the basic principles of hon- 
esty and high civic morality. Our 
anxieties are increased when we 
read things such as appeared in this 
morning's paper. This is datelined 
Los Angeles: 

Ten out of one hundred and thirty thou- 



sand work. The state paid a hundred 
and thirty thousand claimants unemploy- 
ment insurance here this week. In the same 
period, marked by urgent pleas from agri- 
culturists, eleven men signed up for orange- 
picking jobs while several thousand other 
jobs are open. 

I hope our Latter-day Saint boys 
will never be in the ranks of 
those who are drawing the so-called 
"arm-chair compensation." Be true 
to the name you bear. This pioneer 
land was never reclaimed by men 
who sought to draw that kind of 
compensation. Latter-day Saints 
who have come back, may we plead 
with you to forbid any such practice! 
. May I mention one thing more. 
This year in some states there will 
come a test at the voting polls to see 
whether or not we shall have open 
sale of liquor in saloon fashion. You 
have seen the deadly effects of these 
things in the service. Now, as you 
come back and have a chance to vote 
your convictions, may we again 
plead with you young men, you 
young women, and your companions, 
to forbid a step towards the esta- 
blishment of sales by drink in sa- 
loons which will place curses upon 
your children that you have hoped 
might be forbidden from the peace- 
ful valleys where your homes are. 
May we call upon you to become 
a militant organization in forbidding 
such a program! 

Finally, may I bring to you this 
thought as we welcome you home 
here now, in this great meeting. The 
Lord has said: 

Behold, I stand at the door, and knock: 
if any man hear my voice, and open the 
door, I will come in to him, and will sup 
with him, and he with me. To him that 
overcometh will I grant to sit with me in 
my throne, even as I also overcame, and am 
set down with my Father in his throne. 
(Rev. 3:20,21.) 

Latter-day Saints, returned war 
veterans, may you learn to wait 
patiently on the Lord, to get the 
comfort that comes from such com- 
munion. May you see that figure of 
the Master standing at your door 
and knocking, and if you will open 
the door by living the gospel of 
Jesus Christ, he will come in to you 
and sit down with you in the solu- 
tion of problems that are too great 
for human strength or wisdom. 

God bless you as we welcome you 
home and bid you into the company 
of the faithful who are here in these 
valleys, I pray humbly, in the name 
of the Lord Jesus Christ. Amen. 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



Father Lehi's Children 

(Continued from page 559) 
best citizens of that land. They are 
intelligent, many of them are well 
educated, and most of them reflect in 
some degree their noble heritage. 

r T t o this land of the Lamanites, the 
land which has furnished so 
many external evidences of the 
authenticity of the Book of Mormon, 
went recently President George Al- 
bert Smith on a truly Lamanite mis- 
sion. 

Since the first mission to the 
Lamanites called by direct revelation 
in 1 830, probably no more important 
mission to the Indians has been un- 
dertaken by any member of the 
Church. Because of the nature of the 
mission it could be performed best 
by the President of the Church. 
It was the first time in the history 
of the Church that a President 
had visited the Saints in the 
Mexican Mission, and it proved to 
be a time of rejoicing among the 
people, many of them Lamanites and 
many others of the house of Israel 
through other genealogical lines. 

The purpose of the visit of Presi- 
dent Smith was to welcome back into 
Church activity some hundreds of 
members who had been out of har- 
mony for the past ten years. When 
that important step was taken by 
this group of Father Lehi's children, 
it must have caused great joy in the 
spirit world among those who had 
labored and given their lives for the 
salvation of the people who sprang 
from the little group who left Jeru- 
salem by command of God and esta- 
blished a great civilization in a new 
land. 

Father Lehi, next to the Master 
himself, could well be envisioned as 
leading the rejoicing among his 
descendants, the Book of Mormon 
prophets, down to Moroni, last of 
the Nephites, who mourned the fate 
of his own people and that of the 
Lamanites, because of their disobe- 
dience. 

The return of this large group to 
the fold occurred in Mexico City. 
For several years Elder Arwell L. 
Pierce, now president of the Mexi- 
can Mission, and himself a native of 
Mexico, had labored with great zeal 
to bring about this result. Knowing 
the Mexican people, through life- 
long contacts, and understanding 
and respecting them and knowing 
their origin and destiny, he was es- 
( Concluded on page 602 ) 

SEPTEMBER 1946 



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602 



Father Lehi's Children 

{ Concluded from page 601 ) 
pecially qualified to counsel and 
guide these Lamanite brethren in 
this most important action. 

Bringing with them an outstand- 
ing choir to furnish special musical 
numbers for the various conference 
sessions and accompanied by their 
leaders, the returning Saints par- 
ticipated in the exercises in humility 
and sincerity. 

The dramatic highlight of the im- 
pressive occasion came when one of 
the leaders of the reconciled group, 
declared: "There is only one Presi- 
dent of the Church of Jesus Christ 
of Latter-day Saints, and he is here 
today: There is only one president 
of the Mexican Mission, and he is 
here today." 

Reports indicate that no group of 
Saints anywhere has received the 
President of the Church more cor- 
dially, more respectfully, or more 
reverently than these descendants of 
Father Lehi received President 
George Albert Smith. And certain- 
ly no Church official who ever visited 
Mexico ever greeted them with more 
friendliness, more deference, or with 
more interest in their welfare. 

To Father Lehi's children we are 
indebted for the preservation of the 
early records taken from Jerusalem, 
for the earliest written history of this 
continent, and for the fulness of the 
gospel of Jesus Christ as contained 
in the Book of Mormon. For these 
contributions to our knowledge and 
the contributions yet to come, the 
whole world eternally will be under 
obligation to these descendants of 
Joseph, who are destined to play 
stellar roles in the drama of life in 
the Western Hemisphere. 

Father Lehi's children are numer- 
ous. Their destiny is made clear by 
prophecy both ancient and modern. 
They are God's children. At the 
proper time, those who prepare 
themselves will play important roles 
in the nations in which they live. 
Much as they have contributed to 
the world in the past, their contribu- 
tions of the future will undoubtedly 
be much greater. Much as repre- 
sentatives of their race have been 
honored in the past, greater honors 
lie in the future.* 

A people of prophecy and of des- 
tiny are Father Lehi's children. 

*"This Is the Place" Monument, to be dedicated 
July 24, 1947, as a part of Utah's Centennial Celebra- 
tion includes an heroic size bronze statue of Washakie, 
chief of the Shoshone Indians. Other recognitions of 
Lamanites are under consideration. 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



o 

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Instead of buying or renting road machinery 
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SEPTEMBER 1946 



603 



Kill Noxious Weeds at the Roots! 



[THIS PULLING NOXIOUS 
WEED TOPS IS DRUDGERY 
AND NEVER SEEMS TO GET| 
MEANYWHERE.IVEBEEN 
DOING IT FOR. YEAR.S. 



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NOW, THANKS TO A MACK ANT/- 
WEED GUN AND A FEW GALIONS 
OF CARBON BISULPHIDE USED 
YEARS AGO.THE COST WAS MOD- 
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, I KILLED 

' .THE WEEDS 
AT THE 
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Evidences and 
Reconciliations 

(Continued from page 577) 
springing up everywhere. It had the 
possibilities of a metropolis. A city 
of Zion was platted, and duly re- 
corded with the city officials. 6 Lands 
were bought by the people within 
the projected city, to be laid out as 
city lots, just as is done today in 
growing localities. Farm lands were 
also secured in the vicinity of the 
"city." Industrial and commercial 
enterprises were begun, such as a 
tannery, sawmill, printing establish- 
ment, and mercantile organizations. 
In short, the Church planned to es- 
tablish here an important center of 
its spiritual and material activities, 
and Church members cooperated in 
the regular ways of business. 

The older settlers saw themselves 
surrounded by the abhorred "Mor- 
mons." They feared that their own 
prosperity was jeopardized by the 
larger, active plans of the Church. 
The "Mormon"-haters there, of 
whom there were many, diligently 
fostered this nonsensical fear. 

When the Saints began to buy 
land, the fear vanished speedily. If 
the price were right, and it was 
usually greatly inflated, the land- 
owners were quite willing to sell, 
even to "Mormons." Often, the 
buyer paid some money down, with 
the owner holding the mortgage. 
There was always then the possibil- 
ity that the "Mormons" could not 
continue their payments, and the 
property would revert to the owners 
through foreclosures. That was one 
way to make money. 

At that time, as every student of 
American history knows, there was 
in the Kirtland region and elsewhere 
a severe inflation. Settlements were 
planned everywhere. Land prices 
rose far beyond the ability of the 
land to repay. Wild speculation was 
evident. Money was spent freely. 
The national bank was defunct by 
congressional action. Paper money 
issued by local banks flooded the 
country. 

The Latter-day Saints were 
caught in this whirling excitement. 
Undoubtedly, many members of 
the Church bought lands at exces- 
sive prices. Industrial enterprises 
were financed in part by borrowing. 
Merchants bought goods at inflation 
prices, feeling secure that equally 

6 Kennedy, op cit., pp. 155, 156 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



Evidences and 
Reconciliations 

increased retail prices would yield 
them a profit. 

At the height of this economic 
drunkenness came the financial 
panic of 1837. The speculative 
bubbles burst. Just as in other such 
panics, communities that could not 
pay their debts were ruined. Banks 
by the hundreds failed throughout 
the country. Speculation, not dis- 
honesty, was at the bottom of the 
calamity, though frequently, dis- 
honest persons took advantage of 
the situation. 7 

During this period, before the 
panic, members of the Church with 
full Church good will, undertook to 
form a bank, in which the common 
good should be paramount. Because 
of this idealism, and probably also 
because of anti-"Mormon" feeling, 
the application for a state charter 
was refused. 

Then the Saints undertook, in 
1836, to form the Kirtland Safety 
Society Anti-Banking Company. 
This was to be an industrial stock 
company. The management was to 
be in the hands of the respective oc- 
cupations: agriculture, mechanical 
arts, and merchandising. The ar- 
ticles of incorporation included some 
farseeing principles which would 
have been very beneficial to the 
stockholders had the society con- 
tinued. Paper currency, or due bills, 
was issued by the society as was the 
custom in that day. 

When the financial panic broke, 
this company collapsed before it had 
really begun to operate fully. The 
collapse was hurried by dishonest 
employees. Each stockholder was 
obligated, under the terms of the 
agreement, to redeem the currency 
issued to the extent of his holdings in 
the concern. But many of these per- 
sons had secured their stock by 
pledging lands at the prevailing in- 
flated values. When the worth of 
the lands fell to a fraction of the 
former values, the society had to 
bear the loss. Other stockholders 
had also lost money in the debacle 
and could make no redemption of 
the currency for which they were re- 
sponsible. Yet a brave attempt was 
made, and most of the debts of the 
company was paid. 

(Continued on page 606) 

7 Chas. A. and Mary R. Beard, A Basic Hisory of 
the United States, pp. 234, 235; J. T. Adams, The 
Epic of America, pp. 211-213. 

SEPTEMBER 1946 



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Evidences and 
Reconciliations 

(Continued [rom page 605) 
All reputable writers on the sub- 
ject, even many unfriendly to Joseph 
Smith, agree that in forming the 
Kirtland Anti-Banking Safety So- 
ciety there was no dishonest motive, 
rather a high altruistic one. It was 
one of hundreds of similar failures 
during a nationwide panic. Joseph 
Smith himself resigned his office in 
the bank and disposed of his interest 
in it. 

As far as possible the currency of 
the Society had been redeemed, but 
some was still among the people. It 
seems also that some of the re- 
deemed currency had been stolen 
from the vaults and was being of- 
fered for sale by the thieves. The 
honesty of the Prophet was evi- 
denced by the fact that after the 
failure, he inserted a signed notice 
in The Messenger and Advocate, 
warning people against investing in 
the currency of the society for pos- 
sible redemption. 

CAUTION 
To the brethren and friends of the church 
of Latter Day Saints, I am disposed to say 
a word relative to the bills of the Kirtland 
Safety Society Bank. I hereby warn them 
to beware of 'speculators, renegades and 
gamblers, who are duping the unsuspecting 
and the unwary by palming upon them those 
bills which are of no worth here. I dis- 
countenance and disapprove of any and all 
such practices. I know them to be detri- 
mental to the best interest of society, as well 
as to the principles of religion. — Joseph 
Smith Jun. 

Later he inserted a more emphatic 
notice for three successive weeks, in 
The Nauvoo Neighbor? 

In the wild orgy of inflation, peo- 
ple in the Kirtland section who held 
mortgages on lands, tried to collect 
on the excessive prices, rather than 
to receive their lands or to accept the 
normal prices. This led to legal and 
personal troubles, aimed in the main 
at the "Mormons" who were blamed 
for whatever happened, on earth, in 
the moon, or the sun. 

Pathetically the Prophet writes in 

his journal about the Kirtland Safety 

Society that 

... no institution of the kind, established 
upon just and righteous principles for a 
blessing not only to the Church, but to the 
whole nation, would be suffered to continue 
its operation in such an age of darkness, 
speculation, and wickedness. 9 

One act of the society, malicious- 



s Messenger and Advocate, August 1837, p. 
Nauvoo Neighbor, June 12, 19, and 26, 1844. 
^History of the Church, Vol. II. p. 497 



560; 



606 



THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



Evidences and 
Reconciliations 

ly played up against the Prophet, 
shows the venom of anti~"Mormon" 
writers, and reflects the boundless 
depths to which hate may go. In the 
expectation that the state would ap- 
prove the request for a bank charter, 
Oliver Cowdery had secured the 
necessary printed currency in Phila- 
delphia. When the charter was re- 
fused, and the new society formed, 
rather than go to the expense of 
printing new bills with the delay 
that would be occasioned, the old 
bills were used, but there was 
printed on them additional words 
that clearly designated the name of 
the society. As honest people, they 
did not foresee the evil use that 
would be made of their action. In 
fact, this use of the bills shows the 
essential honesty of the people. 
They could not hope to hoodwink 
intelligent people by such a trans- 
parent device. Detractors of "Mor- 
monism" make themselves ridiculous 
by this charge. 

Decently examined, the Ohio 
events culminating in 1 837 show no 
dishonesty on the part of Joseph 
Smith or most of his people. "Mor- 
mons" and non-"Mormons" were 
caught in a deluge which they could 
not control. The persecution of the 
"Mormons" in that Ohio period 
throws shame upon the people who 
were parties to it. 

However, enemies to the Church 
assisted by apostates from the 
Church, fomented a persecution so 
furious that Joseph Smith to save his 
life, not to escape his debts, was 
forced to leave the state. 

Wherever the Prophet operated, 
he preached honesty and practiced 
it — that is the conclusion of any per- 
son who will examine, with an un- 
prejudiced eye, his writings, and 
record. 

It is beyond belief that a dishonest 
person would write in his journal, as 
Joseph Smith did: ". . . it is the de- 
light of my soul to be honest. O, 
Lord, that Thou knowest right 
well." 10 

Read: 

History of the Church, Vol. II. 

Comprehensive History of the Church, 
Vol. 1: chapter 31 (pp. 393-413.) 

W. A. Linn, The Story of the Mormons, 
Book II, chapter 5, pp. 142-152 (1902 ed.). 

J. H. Kennedy, Early Days of Mormon- 
ism, pp. 153-173 (1888 ed.) 

™Ibid., Vol. II, p. 281 /• A* W.S. 

SEPTEMBER 1946 






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"THE M.I.A. MARCHES ON" 
M.I. A. "Key of Happiness" Float in Fourth of July parade at 
Bountiful, Utah, depicted the forward marching of the Mutual Improve- 
ment Association everywhere. Thousands lined the shady side of the 
streets to view the mile-long parade, which was dotted with many 
floats, representing various organizations of wards of South Davis Stake. 

Photograph by Daisy G. Roberts 



-<♦>- 



Essential Labor 

"She's got the leading part in a theater." 

"Star?" 

"No, head usher." 

No Trouble at All 

"Are you having any difficulty meeting expenses?" 
"Absolutely not. I meet them at every turn." 

Could Be Contagious 

Absent-minded professor: "Mary, I believe I have lost the 
road." 

His wife: "Are you sure that you had it when you left the 
house?" 

Nothing Hidden 

"What do you know about your neighbors?" 
"Everything. I go home with them every night on the 
interurban bus." 



What He Wanted 

Student: "Did you give me my grades in round numbers?" 
Professor: "Yes, I gave you zero." 

Late 

"Have you anything to offer the court before sentence is 
passed upon you?" 

"No, your honor; my lawyer took the last dollar I had." 

Early Bird 

"In my day I was a bird of a stenographer." 

"I know the kind. Sort of an Underwood pecker." 

Choice 

"How many pieces of candy do I get for a penny?" 
"Oh, two or three." 
"I'll take three." 

Yes and No 

"You couldn't loan me five dollars, could you?" 
"No, but how did you know?" 

Typed 

"How would you classify a telephone operator?" said the 
census taker. "Is it a business or a profession?" 
"Neither. It's a calling." 

Point of View 

"Did you summer in the country?" 
"No, I simmered in the city." 

Too Much So 

"So your brother's an efficiency expert at the fire depart- 
ment?" 

"Not any more." 

"What happened?" 

"He put non-breakable glass in the alarm boxes." 

Progress 

"One more payment and the furniture is ours." 

"Good — then we can throw it out and get some new stuff." 




SUNSET MEETING OF SALT LAKE AND RIVERSIDE STAKES 
An annual sunset meeting of the Salt Lake and Riverside stakes was held on the Utah State Capitol steps Sunday evening July 7. The meeting was 
sponsored by the Mutual Improvement Associations commemorating Independence Day. Dr. Royal L. Garff delivered the address and President Lincoln 
F. Hanks the invocation. Songs were sung by the congregation, and four seleztions by the Millennial Chorus were rendered under the direction of 
Bertram T. Willis. Members of Boy Scout Troop 81 presented the flag raising and lowering ceremony. Benediction by Joseph W. Dunlop. 

Photograph by Roy N. Holton 



608 



THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



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